Entertainment Paris blows the 100 candles of Andrei Sakharov in photos

20:05  07 may  2021
20:05  07 may  2021 Source:   liberation.fr

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Andreï Sakharov au 1er congrès des députés du peuple d’Union soviétique en 1989. © provided by Liberation Andrei Sakharov at the 1st Congress of the deputies of the People of Soviet Union in 1989.

a hundred years ago, on May 21, 1921, born in Moscow Andrei Sakharov. Nuclear physicist, he is one of the inventors of the bomb H but also, and above all, a hero of the fight for human rights, civil liberties and democratic reforms in the USSR of the second half of the twentieth. century.

to celebrate this centennial, which arrives in the context of a new repressive and liberticide shift in Russia, the Memorial Association France, a subsidiary of International Memorial, and the European Parliament present a week during, on the forecourt of the hotel. City in Paris, A series of archival images that tell the key moments of the life of the great man .

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worried about the consequences of its scientific work on the future of humanity, Andrei Sakharov denounces the race for the arms to which the great powers engage and works to sign the treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons in 1968. Parallel, he criticizes the party for the treatment inflicted on the dissidents, who are hardly repressed in the USSR of the 1960s, and creates a committee for the defense of human rights and the defense of political victims. This will be worth it the Nobel Peace Prize in 1975 but also exile, as its increasingly virulent criticism of the Soviet regime ends up irritating the authorities. In 1979, he was arrested in the street in Moscow and assigned to residence, without trial, in the city of Gorki (Current Nijni-Novgorod), where his wife Elena Bonner and will be closely monitored by the KGB for six years. It's Mikhail Gorbachev who makes him freedom, reminding him in 1986 to Moscow , to participate in the Perestroika .

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Mikhaïl Gorbatchev a appelé Andreï Sakharov personnellement pour lui annoncer sa libération. Ici, son arrivée à Moscou où il est accueilli par les journalistes en 1986. © Provided by Liberation Mikhail Gorbacchev called Andrei Sakharov personally to announce his liberation. Here, his arrival in Moscow where he is welcomed by the journalists in 1986.

On his return, Andrei Sakharov throws himself lost in the fight for the democratization of the country. "Elected 'deputy of the people' in 1989, he is one of the founders of the interregional group of deputies who will be the first form of a democratic opposition in the Soviet Union, demanding faster and more radical reforms", says the legend of 'A famous photo that has captured this impatience - the deputy physicist, leather pouch under the arm, at the first Congress of the people's deputies seems to escape from the image of a decided step.

The exhibition attaches the history and past to the present and the news, also presenting some of the laureates of the Sakharov price for the freedom of the spirit , created in 1988 by the European Parliament, after having Adopted a resolution in 1984 to request the release of the Sakharov spouses. The distinction honors people or organizations who are dedicated to the defense of human rights and fundamental freedoms. The first had been awarded to Nelson Mandela and, posthumously, to the Soviet dissent Anatoli Martchenko, died in prison. In 2020, it is the democratic opposition Belarusian, crushed for a long month by the autocrat Alexander Loukachenko, which was distinguished.

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