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Entertainment PMA, separations and recompositions, first older child ... The fertility of the French more than 40 years old at the highest since 1980

21:15  11 january  2022
21:15  11 january  2022 Source:   liberation.fr

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En 2019, la fécondité cumulée des femmes de 40 à 50 ans culmine à 10,2 enfants : 3,4 fois plus qu’en 1980. © provided by Liberation in 2019, the cumulative fertility of women from 40 to 50 years old culminated to 10, 2 children: 3.4 times more than in 1980.

If the fecundity of the French is downward (1.84 child per woman in 2020), that of the French more than 40 years old is, it, rising since 1980 . These are the conclusions of an INSEE study published Monday night on the so-called "late" fertility, which concerned 5.7% of births of 2019 in France outside Mayotte, or 42,800 babies.

In this study, it is learned that since the Second World War, late fertility has continued to decline: from 1978 to 1985, the accumulated fertility of the French 40 to 50 years old oscillates around 3 children per 100 women. In 1947, it was five times higher: 14.5 children for 100 women from 40 to 50 years old. In 2019, the cumulative fertility of women aged 40 to 50 culminates to 10.2 children: 3.4 times more than in 1980.

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Frames have the highest late fertility

This figure can be explained by societal changes Important these last forty years. Sylvie The Minez, responsible for the Unity of the Demographic and Social Studies of INSEE, which produced this study, identifies several factors. First of all, she explains to liberation, "the most important thing is the evolution of the fertility calendar of women, and the fact that they have their first child later." For mothers aged 40 and over, a quarter of babies are their first.

A second factor is "there are more and more separations and discounts as a couple, which can bring to the wish to have children of the new union thus formed." Finally, the researcher highlights the democratization of access to certain medical technologies, such as in vitro (IVF) or the medically assisted reproduction (PMA) , which allow some households access to a maternity. later.

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The executives are by far the socio-professional category at the highest late fertility, with a cumulative fertility of 11 children for 100 women from 40 to 50 years old. For their part, traders, artisans, workers and intermediate professions all have accumulated fertility of 9 children for 100 women from 40 to 50 years old. This phenomenon is not new, since in 1999 women executives already had late fertility stronger than that of other social groups. "It's to put in touch with the study longer, which creates an offset," says Sylvie the Minez.

That said, the category of women who have never been employed, which concerns only 4% of women aged 40 to 50, is the highest late fertility. Their cumulative fertility is 25 children per 100 women from 40 to 50 years in 2019. This category recourses with that of women born abroad, who also have later fertility. Thus, under the conditions of 2019, 100 women born in France (or native) would have 8 children between 40 and 50 years old while 100 women born abroad would have 19. According to the study, this is explained by the fact. That these women are more often mothers of large family, and that migration courses delay maternity.


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