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Offbeat United Against Trump, EU Invokes Measures to Combat Sanctions

19:56  17 may  2018
19:56  17 may  2018 Source:   bloomberg.com

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It's the first time in more than two decades that the measure is being invoked . While Europe looks for the right balance of tools to deploy against its US ally, if any at all, the political will to defy Trump united the normally fractious bloc.

The European Union ’s 28 leaders came to Bulgaria this week to deepen ties with partners in the east. They left preparing defenses against the “America First” policies of U.S. President Donald Trump . It’s the first time in more than two decades that the measure is being invoked .

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, right, European Union President Donald Tusk, center, and Bulgarian Prime Minister Boyko Borisov attend a press conference during an EU-Western Balkans Summit in Sofia, Bulgaria, on Thursday. © LUDOVIC MARIN/AFP/Getty Images European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, right, European Union President Donald Tusk, center, and Bulgarian Prime Minister Boyko Borisov attend a press conference during an EU-Western Balkans Summit in Sofia, Bulgaria, on Thursday. The European Union’s 28 leaders came to Bulgaria this week to deepen ties with partners in the east. They left preparing defenses against allies in the west.

First thing on Friday morning, the European Commission, the EU’s executive arm, will begin putting a so-called blocking statute in place to shield European companies doing business with Iran from U.S. sanctions. It’s the first time in more than two decades that the measure is being invoked.

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The European Union 's 28 leaders came to Bulgaria this week to deepen ties with partners in the east. They left preparing defences against allies in the west. First thing on Friday morning, the European Commission, the EU 's executive arm, will begin putting a

The deepening rift in trans-Atlantic ties was the main takeaway from the Bulgarian capital of Sofia, where leaders rallied together in defense of the rules-based international system and vowed to confront President Donald Trump’s “capricious assertiveness.” The EU agreed to throw its weight behind the Iran deal that Trump quit and pledged to suspend trade talks with Washington until the bloc is granted an unlimited exemption from threatened steel and aluminum tariffs.

“We will not negotiate with the sword of Damocles hanging over our heads,” European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker told reporters on Thursday at the summit’s close. “It’s a matter of dignity.”

Blocking mechanism

Europe’s mood is shifting from shock at Trump’s “America First” agenda to a resolve to assert its own position. Trans-Atlantic tensions came to a head with Trump’s decision to pull out of the landmark Iran nuclear accord that the remaining signatories — Russia, China, France, Germany and the U.K., along with the EU — all say is working.

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EU Unites on Iran With Moves to Counter Sanctions . It’s the first time in more than two decades that the measure is being invoked . In the Bulgarian capital of Sofia, the EU agreed to throw its weight behind the Iran nuclear deal that Trump quit and pledged to suspend trade talks with Washington until

Full coverage of Britain's exit from the EU , by @business teams around Europe .

The last time the EU threatened to use the blocking statute was in 1996, when Bill Clinton’s administration stood down and agreed to waive sanctions aimed at curbing foreign investment in Cuba, Iran and Libya.

The proposed EU actions are no guarantee that the accord can be salvaged, however, with the U.S. Treasury Department saying companies with existing contracts will have 90 to 180 days to extract themselves from their Iran dealings before becoming subject to penalties.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who will meet with Russian President Vladimir Putin on Friday, warned that it wouldn’t be possible to shield entire industries from U.S. measures and said that she didn’t want to “encourage any illusions.”

Juncker reiterated the stakes of standing up to the Americans, saying “we have to understand that the effects of the U.S. sanctions will be felt.”

Unpredictable friend

The commission’s proposals on how to save the Iran accord were unanimously accepted by the EU leaders and included: keeping Iran’s oil and gas industry viable; allowing the European Investment Bank to facilitate investments in Iran; the creation of special purpose vehicles to allow for transactions between the regions; and protecting European companies that do business in the Middle Eastern nation.

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After Mr. Trump signed the measure on Wednesday, the Russian government reaction was mild. He noted that the president would sign the sanctions legislation. “Let me be clear: The United States prefers a constructive relationship Trump Makes Sanctions Against Russia Official. July 28, 2017.

The withdrawal of the United States is a potentially fatal blow to the agreement because it restores all of the American sanctions Despite their defiant response to Mr. Trump , it is unclear how effective any European Union measures would be in countering the restored American sanctions on Iran.

French President Emmanuel Macron said that neither France nor the EU had any intention of imposing sanctions or counter-sanctions on U.S. companies over Iran, since his defense of the nuclear accord was based on concerns about security and stability, not commerce.

Neither will the French president force companies to stay in Iran at the risk of attracting U.S. sanctions, Macron said, adding that “the President of the Republic is not the director general of Total,” the only western energy major with investments in Iran.

While Europe looks for the right balance of tools to deploy against its U.S. ally, if any at all, the political will to defy Trump united the normally fractious bloc. EU President Donald Tusk set the tone for the summit on Wednesday when he asked rhetorically before a dinner with the leaders: “With friends like that, who needs enemies?”

“The real geopolitical problem is not when you have an unpredictable opponent or enemy or partner, the problem is if your closest friend is unpredictable,” Tusk said at the close on Thursday. “This is the essence of our problem today with our friends on the other side of the Atlantic.”

With assistance from Jonathan Stearns, Arne Delfs, Ian Wishart, Gregory Viscusi and Andrea Dudik


Iran sets deadline for Europe's 'Plan B' to nuclear deal .
"I am personally maybe not optimistic but I am trying my best to come to a conclusion," a senior Iranian official told Reuters.The agreement between Iran and world powers lifted international sanctions on Tehran in return for it agreeing to curbs on its nuclear program.

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