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Offbeat Eruption of the Nyiragongo Volcano: In the DRC, the authorized populations to return to Goma

12:35  09 june  2021
12:35  09 june  2021 Source:   rfi.fr

How one family survived a volcano, hundreds of earthquakes, and a missing 6-year-old over 14 hellish days in eastern Congo

  How one family survived a volcano, hundreds of earthquakes, and a missing 6-year-old over 14 hellish days in eastern Congo An eruption at Mt. Nyiragongo, one of the world's most dangerous volcanos. killed dozens and ruined homes across the city of Goma in eastern Congo.On that first night, as the lava flowed towards the city of Goma, it covered 13 villages and wiped out 3,629 homes, before coming to a halt half a mile from the city's airport and less than two miles from one of its central markets. At least 37 people have been reported dead.

Le Premier ministre congolais a annoncé le 7 juin un retour progressif des dizaines de milliers de déplacés après l'éruption du volcan Nyiragongo. © AFP - Guerchom NDEBO Prime Minister Congolese announced on 7 June a gradual return of tens of thousands of displaced after the eruption of the Nyiragongo volcano.

As announced by the Congolese Government, the displaced populations of Goma and the territory begin to return to the city after the volcanic eruption of May 22 and the order to evacuate May 27. The authorities noted the end of the casting and solidification of the lava, as well as the sensitive decrease in earthquakes in the area.

after the announcement, Monday, June 7, by the Congolese Prime Minister of an "Progressive return" of tens of thousands of people who fled after the volcanic eruption, the Minister of Communication and spokesman of the Government Patrick Muyaya gave some details on the calendar of the return of the evacuated populations after the eruption of the Nyiragongo volcano, at the microphone of Edmond Sadaka . According to the Office of the Refugee Office (UNHCR), 120,000 people had Fui Goma.

Exodus from DR Congo volcano city prompts fears of looting

  Exodus from DR Congo volcano city prompts fears of looting Fears of looting are gripping the eastern DR Congo city of Goma, whose inhabitants fled last week after warnings that the dreaded Mount Nyiragongo volcano could be on the verge of a catastrophic second eruption. Holdouts have reported cases of homes and stores being looted after the exodus, although the phenomenon seems less widespread than when Nyiragongo last kicked into life 19 years ago. Around two-thirds of Goma's population of 600,000Holdouts have reported cases of homes and stores being looted after the exodus, although the phenomenon seems less widespread than when Nyiragongo last kicked into life 19 years ago.

"At first, those who have to come back are those who were on the side of Sake. They are an hour, an hour and a half of Goma. Then there are those who were in Nyiragongo-Goma, it was in the area where there was eruption. And then, those who were in Rutshuru will be able to return from 11 or 12, and those who are in Bukavu from 15 to 17. Then so on, he said. We obviously found that there were populations that gradually began to reach the city. The Prime Minister himself, who followed the on-site record, gave instructions after listening to the experts of the Goma Volcano Observatory who told us that the trend was bearish and positive and that we could give this instruction . This is what has been done. Today, the military governor and his teams have been able to supervise the returns, the government has made available means of transport to ensure that those who were in Sake, for example, arrive at safe destination. »

Life starts to return to DR Congo's evacuated volcano city

  Life starts to return to DR Congo's evacuated volcano city Streets in the eastern DR Congo city of Goma returned to life on Tuesday, five days after residents fled following warnings that the nearby Nyiragongo volcano could erupt again. Nyiragongo suddenly erupted on May 22, spewing out two rivers of lava before stopping the following day. But powerful aftershocks ensued in the following days, prompting scientists to fear a possibly catastrophic eruption under the floor of Lake Kivu.In their worst projection, a "limnic eruption" would heat carbon dioxide dissolved in the depths of the lake, sending the gas to the surface.


Video: DRC: Nyiragongo volcano rash, the lava stops at goma doors (AFP)

The Congolese government says rely solely on scientific data to make decisions related to Return of the populations. To support the work of the Goma Volcano Observatory (OVG) on the ground, European scientists have made the trip on site to measure the danger, says our correspondent to Goma, patient Ligodi.

Stabilization

Nicolas Doret works for the National Museum of Natural History of Luxembourg and the European Center for Geodynamics of Seismology: "We really saw this injection of the magma under the soil which is part of the volcano, which passed under the city of Goma and who stopped a little further under Kivu Lake, he reports. It is an injection that is about twenty kilometers long.

And currently, the situation stabilizes as also observed Benoit Smets, also expert, from Goma: "We have a seismic activity that tends to calm down. We have a deformation of the soil that seems to have stopped. It would rather be a stabilization, a stop of this crisis anyway for the magma which is in depth, "he explains.

Several thousand displaced people had not waited for the authorities' order to go home. And this massive return is explained by the urgency of finding usual economic activities. It is the observation of the experts involved in the Belgian Geographer Caroline Michellier, specializing in the assessment of the vulnerability and the risks of the population against the volcano: "The inhabitants of Goma consider the volcanic risk to a lesser extent than the profit That they can draw from living in this city that provides many opportunities in different fields, "she justifies.

At this point, the observation of the activity of the Nyiragongo continues. A group of 20 scientific experts was created to follow the situation.

At least 50 dead in two attacks in eastern DR Congo .
At least 50 people were killed overnight in two new attacks in the Democratic Republic of Congo's deeply troubled east, monitors said Monday. A local official blamed the notorious ADF militia, which has been linked to the Islamic State group, but others said the attacks may have been ethnic in origin. Citing a provisional toll, the Kivu Security Tracker (KST) said 28 people were killed in Boga and 22 in Tchabi, villages lying about 10 kilometres (six miles) apart in an area known for Allied Democratic Forces attacks and community friction.

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