Opinion: Congress hates Trump's tariffs, yet sits by idly instead of acting - PressFrom - US

OpinionCongress hates Trump's tariffs, yet sits by idly instead of acting

20:16  20 may  2019
20:16  20 may  2019 Source:   washingtonexaminer.com

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Trump is aiming to enact steel and aluminum tariffs through a law not successfully used for decades. The law – specifically, Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962 – allows the president to bypass Congress and impose tariffs by executive order.

Mr. Trump ’ s authority to impose such sweeping tariffs stems from a Commerce Department investigation that concluded last month that imported metal threatened “We will not sit idly while our industry is hit with unfair measures that put thousands of European jobs at risk,” Mr. Juncker said.

Congress hates Trump's tariffs, yet sits by idly instead of acting© Provided by MediaDC: Washington Newspaper Publishing Company, Inc.

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There are numerous ways for Congress to check the president. In recent years, its members have frequently opted to pass so-called resolutions of disapproval to reverse administrative actions after they have been taken. An example of this is the process that Congress established in the Budget Control Act of 2011 (Public Law 112-25) to reverse prospective decisions by the president to raise the debt ceiling.

Trump warns China not to retaliate against tariff hike

Trump warns China not to retaliate against tariff hike U.S. President Donald Trump on Monday warned China not to retaliate against a hike in tariffs he imposed last week and said U.S. consumers would not pay for any increase in duties. There "is no reason for the U.S. Consumer to pay the Tariffs, which take effect on China today ... China should not retaliate-will only get worse!" Trump tweeted, adding that tariffs can be avoided if manufacturers shift production from China to other countries.

Trump ’ s latest move to ratchet up tariffs on Chinese goods raises the prospect that China could Instead , Senate Finance Committee Chairman Orrin Hatch, a Utah Republican, has said he’ll begin A compromise measure could require Trump to consult with Congress on tariffs or allow tariffs to go

But President Trump ’ s tariffs on imported steel are being celebrated as a boost to the local taconite “President Trump is keeping his promises that he made on the campaign trail,” said Pete Stauber, a retired police officer and former professional hockey player who is running for Congress as a

But resolutions of disapproval only make it look like Congress is checking the president. This is because Congress must first give the president the power to take action before it can pass a disapproval resolution to reverse it.

The debate over trade policy in the nation’s capital highlights the superficial nature of disapproval mechanisms. One proposal ostensibly aimed at limiting President Trump's power to adjust tariffs underscores how legislators use resolutions of disapproval to make it look like they are taking meaningful action while doing the opposite. While support among Republicans in Congress for Trump’s aggressive stance in the trade war with China remains strong, frustration is mounting there due to its impact on Americans.

Trump warns China not to retaliate on tariffs, insists they won’t hurt U.S. consumers

Trump warns China not to retaliate on tariffs, insists they won’t hurt U.S. consumers President Trump warned China against retaliation in a series of early morning tweets Monday and insisted there was “no reason” for U.S. consumers to absorb the costs of higher tariffs that took effect Friday. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.getMedianetNativeAds(true); }); Trump wrongfully suggested that the impact of the tariffs could be mitigated by simply buying products manufactured in the U.S., or other countries not subject to tariffs.

President Trump on Tuesday delivered his first address to a joint session of Congress . Switching away from this current system of lower-skilled immigration, and instead adopting a merit-based For as the Bible teaches us, there is no greater act of love than to lay down one’ s life for one’ s friends.

Mr. Trump said his tariff orders were tailored to give him the authority to raise or lower levies on a The tariffs disprove the notion that Congress and broader business interests would prevent the The issue has divided Mr. Trump ’ s own team. Mr. Ross, Mr. Lighthizer and Peter Navarro, the president’s

In the Senate especially, Republicans are increasingly willing to criticize the president’s decision to raise tariffs on goods imported from China. Even so, senators remain unwilling to limit his ability to do so in the first place. Senators may blame the president, but he cannot adjust tariffs under the Constitution without their prior permission.

If the Senate ever decides to take action, it will likely be only a modest step like limiting the president’s ability to adjust tariffs under Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962. Technically limited to imports that pose a threat to national security, the statute’s ambiguous definition of what constitutes such a threat empowers the president to raise tariffs for virtually any reason. Trump used this sweeping power last year to raise tariffs on several products that do not appear to pose actual national security threats to the United States.

Republicans surrender to Trump’s China tariffs

Republicans surrender to Trump’s China tariffs GOP senators have no plans to even try to stop a trade war they oppose.

The Trump tariffs are a series of United States tariffs imposed during the presidency of Donald Trump as part of his economic policy. In January 2018

Trump ' s tariff bombshell: Catch up here. — Corporate America warns Trump that such tariffs could backfire. — Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Zhang Yesui says the country "does not want a trade war with the United States" but warns it will "not sit idly by and watch China's interests being harmed."

In response, Sens. Rob Portman, R-Ohio, and Pat Toomey, R-Pa., introduced competing proposals to check the president’s expansive power to adjust tariff rates under Section 232. Portman’s Trade Security Act does so by establishing a special process in Congress to disapprove administrative actions after they have become effective. In contrast, Toomey's Bicameral Congressional Trade Authority Act aims to check the president by requiring that Congress approve all administrative actions taken under Section 232 before they take effect.

At first glance, the two bills appear almost identical. They both aim to check the president. Yet on closer inspection, the effect that the proposals have on Congress’ ability to do so is drastically different. It turns out that the special process established by the Trade Security Act is not very special. The president remains structurally advantaged under it because of the legislation’s reliance on a disapproval process to check him. Trump’s ability to veto a joint resolution of disapproval effectively requires a two-thirds majority of the House and Senate to block the president in this area. The president’s supporters in the Senate could also filibuster a joint resolution, thereby making its passage through the chamber less likely. For these reasons, the Trade Security Act appears intended, not to check the president, but rather to help senators look like they are checking the president.

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Trump ’ s decision to impose new tariffs on steel and aluminum imports set off a rash of commentary over the last Instead , I want to draw out from Trump ’ s decision an answer to a question that is not immediately obvious That is, Congress , not the president, was vested with the power to levy tariffs .

Trump ' s tariffs have not yet taken effect, and congressional Republicans are hoping to persuade the president to limit their scope or effect. Even some of Trump ' s strongest allies, like conservatives in the House Freedom Caucus, oppose the tariffs but concede there is little Congress will do to try to

This flaw is not unique to the Trade Security Act. Disapproval mechanisms, in general, are not an effective way to check the president because they profess to give Congress a power that it already has. Portman argues that his bill expands the current Section 232 disapproval process to cover all administrative actions taken under Section 232, not merely those already authorized in the original statute. Yet Article I of the Constitution empowers Congress to legislate in all areas related to tariffs, regardless of what the Trade Security Act covers.

Portman maintains that his disapproval process strikes the right balance between asserting congressional prerogatives in the policymaking process and protecting national security. Proponents of the Trade Security Act argue that an approval process, such as that included in Toomey’s Bicameral Congressional Trade Authority Act, endangers national security. According to this view, requiring Congress to approve trade policy before it can take effect, as directed by the Constitution, is too risky. It also assumes that Congress will not support a president's requested tariff adjustment when it is confronted with a clear threat to the nation's security. And it ignores the Article II powers that presidents possess to protect the nation's security as commander-in-chief of the armed services. Limiting Congress's Article I power to make trade policy is therefore unnecessary for defending the homeland.

Trump’s Tariffs Only Work if Americans Pay Them

Trump’s Tariffs Only Work if Americans Pay Them This fact is inseparable from the president’s eagerness to impose them.

What is behind the tariffs ? The tariffs follow an investigation of Chinese policies ordered by Mr Trump in August. "China will not sit idly by and let its legitimate rights and interests be harmed, and will Congress is debating legislation that would boost the government' s power to review foreign business

Congress should act now to limit Trump ' s power to wage trade wars and impose tariffs . An obscure provision in the Trade Expansion Act of 1962, intended to be used to address specific national security concerns, has been invoked by the White House to push through sweeping import taxes on American

The procedural approach to checking the president featured in Trade Security Act suggests that its real aim is to make it look like Congress is changing the status quo when, in reality, it is reinforcing it. As with the process established to disapprove presidential decisions to increase the debt ceiling, expanding the disapproval process in Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act will not limit presidential power in this area.

To check the president, Congress must instead require all presidential decisions to adjust tariffs under Section 232 to be approved by Congress before they can take effect. Of course, an approval mechanism does not guarantee that Congress will block the president's proposed action. Its members may decide to back the president. And then again, they may. Regardless, they must choose. That is what the Constitution requires.

James Wallner (@jiwallner) is a contributor to the Washington Examiner's Beltway Confidential blog. He is a senior fellow at the R Street Institute. Previously, he was a Senate aide and a former group vice president for research at the Heritage Foundation.

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