OpinionOpinions | Faith in government powered Apollo 11. We don’t have that anymore.

17:20  18 july  2019
17:20  18 july  2019 Source:   washingtonpost.com

50 Years Later: The pen that saved Apollo 11

50 Years Later: The pen that saved Apollo 11 The Apollo 11 mission could have ended in disaster, if it were not for some astronaut ingenuity and a felt-tipped pen.

Opinions | Faith in government powered Apollo 11. We don’t have that anymore.© Ho/AFP/Getty Images Apollo 11 crew members Neil Armstrong, center, followed by Michael Collins and Buzz Aldrin leave the Kennedy Space Center Manned Spacecraft Operations Building during the pre-launch countdown on July 16, 1969. (Ho/ NASA /AFP/Getty Images)

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I was born in 1969, but already that year seems to belong to a lost world. Back in the “Age of Aquarius,” American troops were fighting in Vietnam, American students were demonstrating in the streets and American astronauts were landing on the moon. There have been plenty of wars and demonstrations since but no more moon landings after 1972. As we celebrate the 50th anniversary of Apollo 11, it’s worth asking why that extraordinary achievement was not a prelude to moon bases or manned missions to Mars, as so many in 1969 expected. Part of the answer can be found in some of the most interesting and illuminating poll numbers I have ever seen.

The heart-stopping moments before Apollo 11 landed on the moon as the world watched

The heart-stopping moments before Apollo 11 landed on the moon as the world watched On July 16, 1969, Buzz Aldrin, Neil Armstrong and Michael Collins were launched into space with one goal: to land on the moon.

The Pew Research Center has compiled surveys of public trust in the federal government from 1958 to 2019. In 1958, trust was sky high: 73 percent. And why not? Washington had created the Tennessee Valley Authority, Social Security and the interstate highway system. It had vanquished a Great Depression and won a world war. It was now desegregating public schools.

Faith in government had dipped by the end of the 1960s — 62 percent in 1968, 54 percent in 1970 — but there was still much to inspire Americans, including the passage with bipartisan support of the Civil Rights Act, the Voting Rights Act, Medicare and Medicaid. By landing a man on the moon, the government seemed to show that it could do anything.

Alas, faith in government could not survive defeat in Vietnam, stagflation and, above all, Watergate. Public confidence was just 36 percent after President Richard M. Nixon’s resignation in 1974, and it has never reached earlier highs.

Apollo 11 taught us to dream big, so let's aim for more than Mars

Apollo 11 taught us to dream big, so let's aim for more than Mars Don Lincoln was a 5-year-old when Apollo 11 astronauts landed on the moon 50 years ago. It inspired a life-long fascination with science and a desire to see space travel extend beyond our solar system to the stars.

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There was a rise in support during the 1980s — but only into the 40-percent range. President Ronald Reagan had taken office proclaiming “government is not the solution to our problem; government is the problem.” But while Reagan helped to undermine faith in government in the long term, his immediate success, ironically, had the opposite effect by showing that America wasn’t ungovernable.

Another irony: Confidence in government plummeted in the 1990s — as low as 19 percent in 1994 — even though this decade is now seen as the apogee of American power and prosperity. Presumably this curious fact can be explained by a combination of Newt Gingrich’s inveterate hostility toward government and President Bill Clinton’s scandals.

Faith in government rose again briefly after the 9/11 attacks; the only time since 1972 it exceeded 50 percent was in October 2001. But the disasters of the George W. Bush presidency — the Iraq War, Hurricane Katrina, the financial crash — took their toll. By the time Bush left office in 2009, faith had fallen to 25 percent. It has never recovered — even though the economy did. Under President Barack Obama, the nation launched the longest economic expansion in its history. Yet public confidence that the government in Washington would “do what is right,” “always” or “most of the time,” has fallen to just 17 percent today.

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This is due mainly to the way Republicans have demonized government: First, the tea party attacked government spending, and now President Trump defames even agencies such as the FBI that Republicans have traditionally lionized. Republicans also undermined Obama’s legitimacy by insinuating that the first African American president wasn’t a real American. Occupy Wall Street leftists have done their bit by convincing many Democrats that the government has been captured by the rich. Both sides see Washington as the enemy — the right views it as the preserve of the anti-Trump “deep state,” the left as the preserve of Trumpian crooks and racists who lock children in cages. Today faith in government is even lower among Democrats (14 percent) than Republicans (21 percent).

This attitude is what made possible Trump’s rise: If most people think that the government is already broken, why not elect someone who will blow everything up? And because Trump is so vicious and incompetent, his presidency will only further corrode respect for our institutions.

Don't recall Apollo 11? Global festivities have you covered

Don't recall Apollo 11? Global festivities have you covered You can run a race, hit a museum, shoot off a rocket or count down to the moment 50 years ago that Neil Armstrong first stepped foot on the moon. 

This is a lot of the reason we no longer seem capable of big, bold undertakings, whether going to Mars or rebuilding our crumbling infrastructure. Almost no one trusts government to do anything right. This suspicion is understandable but excessive: By historical or global standards, our government is actually more honest and effective than most. Even though the president is a dangerous demagogue, many honest men and women toil in the executive, judicial and legislative branches to contain the damage — with some success.

The challenge for the next Democratic president will be to revive confidence in Washington. A program of national service, as suggested by Pete Buttigieg, could help but is almost impossible to implement when so few people trust our government.

Our country cannot function effectively and we cannot successfully confront our biggest challenges — global warming, gun violence, China and Russia, autocratic populism, the debt, racial tensions, undocumented immigration — if we hold our leaders and institutions in such low regard. Democrats must oppose Trump with all their might, but they must also channel the can-do spirit that made the moon landing possible — John F. Kennedy’s faith that we could accomplish great things by working together. If we view government as nothing but a horror show, that is precisely what we will get.

President Nixon had this 'Moon Disaster' speech ready in case Apollo 11 astronauts died

President Nixon had this 'Moon Disaster' speech ready in case Apollo 11 astronauts died President Nixon's 'In Event of Moon Disaster' remarks, prepared by speechwriter William Safire, are chilling to read.

Read more:

David Von Drehle: 50 years after the moon landing, Apollo 11 remains a miracle

Buzz Aldrin: It’s time to focus on the great migration of humankind to Mars

Isaac Klausner: We need to start dreaming again. ‘First Man’ can show us how.

Robert Zubrin and Homer Hickam: We have the technology to build a colony on the moon. Let’s do it.

Robert Gebelhoff: NASA’s latest gamble might not pay out. But it’s worth it anyway.

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NASA's Chris Kraft, who helped build Apollo, dies 50 years after moon landing.
Christopher Kraft, a key architect behind several early NASA programs and the agency's first flight director, has died at 95.

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