Opinion: How the NRA hijacked history - PressFrom - US

OpinionHow the NRA hijacked history

12:16  10 september  2019
12:16  10 september  2019 Source:   washingtonpost.com

The frighteningly simple technique that hijacked Jack Dorsey’s Twitter account

The frighteningly simple technique that hijacked Jack Dorsey’s Twitter account SIM swapping is everywhere — and Twitter clearly isn’t ready for it

How the court understands this history may shape how the nation responds to the gun violence epidemic. For this reason, it is crucial that the court New scholarship is beginning to break the NRA ’s efforts to monopolize the history of guns in America. Although the evidence is often complex and

Why is the NRA -- a group that represents the interests of gun manufacturers -- taken seriously in debates about reducing gun violence? Subscribe to our

Editor’s note: The opinions in this article are the author’s, as published by our content partner, and do not necessarily represent the views of MSN or Microsoft.

How the NRA hijacked history© Justin Lane/EPA-EFE/REX/Shutterstock People gather for an event called a 'Recess Rally' meant to push the United States Senate to pass gun control legislation in New York, New York, USA, 18 August 2019. (Justin Lane /EPA-EFE/REX)

Recent mass shootings in Texas and Ohio have raised our national debate about gun control to a fever pitch once more. As Congress returns to Washington after its summer recess, it will face mounting pressure to pass legislation to deter such attacks and other forms of firearms violence.

Multiple people injured by roaming shooter in Texas, police say

Multiple people injured by roaming shooter in Texas, police say Multiple people have been struck by a shooter who hijacked a U.S. mail truck and is roaming the streets of Odessa, Texas, police said Saturday afternoon.

The NRA runs an official list, like the old Communist Party, of preferred candidates and grades them according to their adherence to the strict constructionist The NRA has not hijacked anything, as evidenced by the number of Democrats who have constituencies who embrace the 2nd Amendment.

How the NRA hijacks gun control debates - Продолжительность: 8:55 Vox 1 366 609 просмотров. Gun Control's Racist History - Продолжительность: 10:26 Colion Noir 394 743 просмотра.

The last gun-control measure Congress passed was the 1994 Assault Weapons Ban (which expired in 2004). Since then, the Supreme Court’s ruling in the 2008 case District of Columbia v. Heller, which struck down a D.C. law banning handguns, represents a potentially significant new barrier to passing gun-control legislation. For the first time, the court ruled that the Second Amendment protects an individual right to possess a firearm for self-defense, unconnected with militia service. Today, the Supreme Court, with an even stronger conservative majority, seems poised to extend this ruling to other aspects of gun ownership.

Odessa police chief: 21 shot, 5 killed in Texas shooting

Odessa police chief: 21 shot, 5 killed in Texas shooting Odessa Police Chief Michael Gerke says that at least 21 people have been injured by gunfire and five killed in a shooting in West Texas. At a news conference Saturday, Gerke also says that at least three law enforcement officers were among those shot. He spoke after a chaotic afternoon during which police reported that a suspect hijacked a U.S. Postal Service vehicle and began firing at random in the area of Odessa and Midland, hitting multiple people. Police initially reported that there could be more than one shooter, but Gerke says authorities now believe it was one shooter. Gerke says he believes the threat is over but authorities remain vigilant.

The NRA supported the 1934 National Firearms Act, which taxed the ownership of automatic weapons, and the 1938 Federal Firearms Act, which created a licensing system for dealers. And the NRA was not alone in its logical support of gun control. The governor of Texas -- yes, Texas -- said in 1893

In its 141st year, the NRA has risen to become one of America's most powerful lobby groups. Now the NRA is responding to a massacre that has President Obama

Subscribe to the Post Most newsletter: Today’s most popular stories on The Washington Post

The Heller decision stemmed from a new interpretation of American history that emerged during the past 40 years as a result of concerted advocacy by gun rights supporters such as the National Rifle Association. This campaign — which rewrites our national history to fit a modern gun rights narrative — threatens to lead the Supreme Court further astray.

The Second Amendment of the Bill of Rights, ratified in September 1791, reads: “A well-regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.” For more than 200 years, most legal scholars and historians viewed this language as conferring a right “to keep and bear arms” only in the context of a “well-regulated militia.”

The Founders viewed the militia as a way to ensure civic participation in the security of the United States and to prevent the need for a permanent standing army that would create the risk of military despotism. They understood the militia as a well-trained, disciplined and government-sponsored bulwark of liberty — not a random group of armed citizens acting as vigilantes. Over time, however, the Founders’ vision of a militia proved too difficult to realize, and by the 1840s national defense began falling to paid volunteers funded by states.

Police hijack a botnet and remotely kill 850,000 malware infections

Police hijack a botnet and remotely kill 850,000 malware infections In a rare feat, French police have hijacked and neutralized a massive cryptocurrency mining botnet controlling close to a million infected computers. The notorious Retadup malware infects computers and starts mining cryptocurrency by sapping power from a computer's processor. Although the malware was used to generate money, the malware operators easily could have run other malicious code, like spyware or ransomware. The malware also has wormable properties, allowing it to spread from computer to computer. Since its first appearance, the cryptocurrency mining malware has spread across the world, including the U.S., Russia, and Central and South America.

Many are surprised to learn that the NRA of generations past worked with the federal government to limit the traffic in guns, for example where ex-convicts or mental patients were 1 stunned the nation and shocked the rest of the civilized world, spurring a national debate about guns and gun laws.

The National Rifle Association is America’s longest-standing civil rights organization. Together with our more than five million members, we’re proud An important facet of the NRA 's creation was the development of a practice ground. In 1872, with financial help from New York State, a site on Long

Although this civic republican understanding of the Second Amendment did not preclude citizens from owning and using guns for lawful purposes, there was a consensus throughout the 19th century that state and local governments maintained broad police powers to regulate the carrying of dangerous weapons in public. The Supreme Court applied the militia-centered (or collective) view of the right to bear arms well into the 20th century. It upheld the 1934 National Firearms Act and the 1938 Gun Control Act, which imposed severe restrictions on machine guns, sawed-off shotguns and silencers. In United States v. Miller (1939), the court found the Second Amendment protected the right to keep and bear firearms only for certain military purposes.

This ruling fit with the prevailing legal understanding of the Second Amendment as well. From 1900 to 1959, only 12 studies on the Second Amendment appeared in professional legal journals, each of them understanding the right as being linked to a well-regulated militia. In a 1955 internal report for the NRA, Jack Basil Jr. (who later became director of the NRA’s Legislative Service) acknowledged that “the Second Amendment appears to apply to a collective, not an individual, right to bear arms.”

West Texas shooter failed background check after being adjudicated 'a mental defective,' sources say

West Texas shooter failed background check after being adjudicated 'a mental defective,' sources say The West Texas man who killed seven people and wounded 25 in a shooting rampage failed a background check during an attempted firearm purchase in 2014 because he had earlier been adjudicated "a mental defective" and temporarily committed to an institution, three law enforcement sources told CNN on Wednesday. © Tim Fischer/Midland Reporter-Telegram/AP CORRECTS THE NAME OF THE SOURCE TO THE MIDLAND REPORTER-TELEGRAM - Odessa and Midland police and sheriff's deputies surround the area behind Cinergy movie theater in Odessa, Texas, Saturday, Aug. 31, 2019, after reports of gunfire.

Updated: Jul 27, 2019. Original: Nov 13, 2009. Year. 1985. TWA flight 847 is hijacked by terrorists. TWA Flight 847 from Athens to Rome is hijacked by Shiite Hezbollah terrorists who immediately demand to know the identity of ”those with Jewish-sounding names.”.

Photo: Reuters. There are few better ways of grasping how far the Republicans have abandoned the middle ground, where they used to win elections, than the way their leaders have become agents of the gun industry.

Gun rights supporters, steered by the NRA, resisted this broad consensus, instead pushing an individual rights narrative in the courts and in public discourse. Although the NRA was best known to the public for its education and safety programs between the 1920s and the 1960s, behind the scenes it lobbied governments and organized at the grass-roots level to promote a view of firearm ownership and use as a badge of citizenship essential to public safety and national defense.

Nonetheless, the individual rights view was slow to gain wider traction. In 1968, Congress responded to the crime and assassinations of the 1960s by passing the Gun Control Act, which regulated interstate firearm sales and imposed new age and mental health restrictions on gun purchases. Even Charlton Heston — who decades later became famous for saying the government would have to pry his gun from his “cold, dead hands” — joined the public campaign in support of passing the act. The actor served five terms as president of the NRA.

Angered by the passage of this law, and by a 1971 incident in which an NRA member was shot and killed during a raid by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, the NRA redoubled its efforts to promote an individual right reading of the Second Amendment.

Twitter nixes tweets by text after CEO account hack

Twitter nixes tweets by text after CEO account hack Twitter on Wednesday halted users' ability to fire off tweets via text messages as it seeks to fix a vulnerability that led to CEO Jack Dorsey's account being hijacked. "We're temporarily turning off the ability to Tweet via SMS, or text message, to protect people's accounts," the Twitter support team wrote on the platform. "We're taking this step because of vulnerabilities that need to be addressed by mobile carriers and our reliance on having a linked phone number for two-factor authentication.

The National Rifle Association has given more than million in grants to hundreds of U.S. schools in recent years, according to an Associated Press analysis, but few have shown any indication Learn more about the NRA 's history of supporting political candidates and influencing gun control legislature.

Innocent victims gunned down in America, and then legislation voted down. All the while, the gun lobby grows stronger. FRONTLINE takes you inside the politics and the power of the NRA .

This endeavor would prove far more successful in the following decades than it had been in the past because of legal and political changes. The Republican Party was growing increasingly conservative and taking a skeptical view of federal power. Politically, removing restrictions on donations to political parties created an imbalance that also influenced Republican sentiment, given that the NRA had a vastly larger megaphone than the victims of gun violence.

These political forces aligned with the rise of originalism as a constitutional methodology — focused on what the Constitution meant to its drafters — to create a receptiveness to the individual rights interpretation. That understanding seemed to be receiving expert endorsements, too. By the 1980s, a small group of lawyers — many affiliated with the NRA and other gun rights groups — started to publish a flood of studies in legal journals arguing that the original language of the Second Amendment was intended to protect hunters and sports shooters against any restrictions on their use of firearms.

History was an integral weapon in advancing this narrative. Through the NRA’s magazines, supported scholarship, sponsored films and a private museum network, the group tried to impose a unilateral reading of American history: what might be called “gunsplaining” for the masses. It convinced many people — including law professors and judges — that the individualist interpretation was the “standard model” of American gun history.

"The Only Plane in the Sky" is compelling history of 9/11

"The Only Plane in the Sky: an Oral History of 9/11" (Avid Reader Press), by Garrett M. Graff © Provided by The Associated Press This cover image released by Avid Reader Press shows "The Only Plane in the Sky: An Oral History of 9/11," by Garrett M. Graff. (Avid Reader Press via AP) People born at least a quarter-century ago probably remember the exact details of what they were doing on that beautiful blue September day when terror was unleashed across the country.

How did Florida gun laws become so lax? Reports reveal NRA lobbyists focusing on Rick Scott and other lawmakers to get the job done. Alex Wong/Getty Images. While people cringe at the NRA ’s Dana Loesch ominously telling Americans “Time’s up” on TV, it’s nothing new for the organization.

Gun laws and the history of the NRA --including how it went from lobbying for more gun control, to vehemently opposing any restrictions on gun ownership

A key moment in this battle came in 1994, when historian Joyce Lee Malcolm published “To Keep and Bear Arms: The Origins of an Anglo-American Right,” which argued that the individual right to carry arms can be traced back to the 1689 English Bill of Rights. Justice Antonin Scalia drew from Malcolm’s book when he wrote for the majority in Heller.

The problem with Scalia’s opinion, however, is that it rests on a false interpretation of the past. Based on archival evidence, historians have found no record in English common law of an untrammeled individual right to bear arms. On the contrary, common law in England and 18th-century America always recognized that personal security was best protected through a well-ordered society in which the public carrying of dangerous weapons was closely regulated.

The 1328 Statute of Northampton, for example, constrained the right to travel with dangerous weapons in public by limiting the public carriage of swords and other medieval weapons (firearms not yet having been invented). This statute was the prevailing rule of law in the American colonies through the late 18th century, with exceptions being made for people to carry arms for trade and repair, while traveling and for hunting.

Such laws of centuries past may seem disconnected from the mass shootings and everyday gun violence occurring nationwide today, but they are not. How the court understands this history may shape how the nation responds to the gun violence epidemic. For this reason, it is crucial that the court look beyond the distorted history presented by gun rights activists.

New scholarship is beginning to break the NRA’s efforts to monopolize the history of guns in America. Although the evidence is often complex and contradictory, it shows that the main historical tradition inherited from English common law emphasized the need to regulate firearms, and weaponry more broadly, in the interest of public safety. Contrary to the gun lobby’s view of an unlimited individual right to bear arms, American courts and public opinion have never been on the side of unregulated gun ownership.

The state’s duty to protect the peace and promote public safety is an enduring principle of common law that informed the framing of the Constitution.

In light of this history — and in line with what the architects of the Second Amendment would have endorsed — the courts must allow lawmakers to make reasonable efforts to regulate the use of firearms.

New 9/11 account recalls harrowing moments before Flight 93 crash: 'I’ll ram the cockpit'.
A newly published account from the perspective of key decision-makers, survivors and military service members gives a window into the harrowing moments on 9/11 before Flight 93 crashed.

—   Share news in the SOC. Networks

Topical videos:

usr: 6
This is interesting!