Opinion: Will Johnson Deliver Brexit or Engxit? - - PressFrom - US
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Opinion Will Johnson Deliver Brexit or Engxit?

17:50  17 october  2019
17:50  17 october  2019 Source:   theatlantic.com

Boris Johnson’s Brexit Deal on Knife Edge

  Boris Johnson’s Brexit Deal on Knife Edge U.K. Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s Brexit deal was hanging in the balance Tuesday, after the European Union Presidency said more time was needed before a summit of its leaders this week. © Getty Images New Finnish Prime Minister Antti Rinne Visits Berlin Antti Rinne, premier of Finland -- which currently has the rotating presidency of the EU -- said negotiations may need to continue after the EU Council summit that starts Thursday. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.

The man who led the push for Brexit will become the United Kingdom's next prime minister. Boris Johnson has won the Conservative Party leadership race

His promise to deliver a no-deal Brexit on October 31 is popular among his supporters but worries his opponents. The man who led the push for Brexit will become the United Kingdom's next prime minister. Boris Johnson has won the Conservative Party leadership race, wooing party members with

Editor’s note: The opinions in this article are the author’s, as published by our content partner, and do not necessarily represent the views of MSN or Microsoft.

a man wearing a suit and tie standing in front of a flag© Frances Lenoir / Reuters

LONDON—Just before lunchtime on October 17, 2019, Britain and the European Union announced a deal on a smooth British exit from the EU. This is the second such deal in less than a year. The previous deal was rejected by Parliament and capsized the career of former Prime Minister Theresa May. Will this new deal come to a happier conclusion? And what is happiness in this context anyway?

The new agreement is reportedly 500 pages long, recapitulating most of the elements of the rejected 2018 agreement. There is, again reportedly, one big difference between May’s deal and Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s: Ireland. (The word reportedly is doing a lot of work here, because I write only a few minutes after the agreement was announced and before the release of the full text.)

Boris Johnson Strikes Brexit Deal With E.U.

  Boris Johnson Strikes Brexit Deal With E.U. BRUSSELS — Britain and the European Union agreed on the draft text of a withdrawal deal on Thursday, an 11th-hour breakthrough in Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s effort to settle his country’s anguished, yearslong debate over Brexit and pave the way for its departure from the bloc. The deal must still clear several hurdles, including approval from Europe’s leaders and, most crucially, passage in the British Parliament, where Mr. Johnson’s predecessor, Theresa May, suffered three thunderous defeats after bringing back an agreement with Brussels.

Nigel Farage has said the Brexit party would be willing to seek a 'non-aggression pact' with the Conservative party at a general election if the prime

A Brexit deal has been agreed between UK and EU negotiating teams before a meeting of European leaders in Brussels. The two sides have been working on the legal text of a deal, but it will still need the approval of both the UK and European parliaments. Prime Minister Boris Johnson tweeted: "We've

Ireland! Always Ireland. For nearly 150 years, disputes over Ireland have broken British governments, wrecked British parties, and sparked guerrilla war and terrorism on the two islands. The issue seemed to have been settled forever by the Good Friday Agreement of 1998. Brexit revived the Irish issue, in all its ancient intractability.

The core of the problem is this: Once the United Kingdom quits the EU, there will be a border between the U.K. and the EU. That’s the point of the whole exercise after all, to insert a border. No border, no Brexit.

But where should the border be placed? “Britain” is an island, but the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland straddles two islands, creating a land border between the U.K. and the EU. That land border runs jaggedly around the northeastern quadrant of Ireland. Northern Ireland is only about 180 kilometers from water to water, but the winding Irish boundary bobbles up and down and around for 500 kilometers—longer than the entire French-German border!

Boris Johnson can't celebrate his Brexit win for long

  Boris Johnson can't celebrate his Brexit win for long As Boris Johnson travels back to London from Brussels after proving the doubters wrong, Britain's leader has good reason to feel upbeat. Now, he faces what will likely be two of the most painful days of his career back in London. On Friday, Johnson will have to convince lawmakers across the political divide that they should back his new Brexit deal.It's a tough ask. The main opposition Labour Party hates the deal, and wants to negotiate its own one and then put that deal to a public referendum. Other opposition parties want to scrap Brexit altogether.

The address was delivered at the same time Brexit negotiators met to further thrash out details that would allow Britain to leave the EU with a deal at the end of Johnson 's predecessor Theresa May sought approval for her Brexit deal by parliament on three separate occasions, but each time failed.

Boris Johnson has agreed a new Brexit deal with the EU, both sides of talks have confirmed. Negotiators in Brussels struck the deal on Thursday morning – but Discussions in the past few days have at times been difficult, but we have delivered , and we have delivered together," he told reporters.

Reinserting the border between the two Irelands will not only impose a terrible economic burden, but also endanger the hard-won peace on the island of Ireland. The Good Friday Agreement created an economic and human unity among Irish people, ending three decades of terrorist violence. Few wish to return to the old divisions, to checkpoints and armed guards—and to the risk of armed attack on those checkpoints and guards.

During the 2016 referendum, Johnson and other eminent Leavers promised that the border could be enforced unobtrusively. There would be no checkpoints, no targets for terrorists. New technology would collect taxes and prevent smuggling in a way lawful travelers and businesspeople would never notice.

That concept sounded suspiciously too good to be true to the EU negotiators. They demanded a so-called backstop: All right, United Kingdom, go ahead with your magic technology! But until it’s up and working, both islands—Ireland and Britain—will remain inside the EU’s trade and tariff border.

Johnson Aims to Force Brexit Law Through Commons in Three Days

  Johnson Aims to Force Brexit Law Through Commons in Three Days Prime Minister Boris Johnson will seek to rush his crucial Brexit law through the U.K.’s House of Commons in just three days after he was thwarted in his latest attempt to get his divorce deal approved. © Photographer: Peter Summers/Getty Images LONDON, ENGLAND - OCTOBER 19: Prime Minister Boris Johnson leaves Downing Street for the House of Commons on October 19, 2019 in London, England. Parliament is sitting on a Saturday, for the first time since the Falklands war, to debate and vote on the Prime Minister’s new Brexit deal.

Jacob Rees-Mogg has urged his fellow Eurosceptics to trust Boris Johnson to deliver Brexit . Ahead of a crucial week for the prime minister, the House of Even if he reaches agreement with the EU, however, Mr Johnson will need to win over Tory Eurosceptics and his Commons partners in the DUP

Under the Johnson Brexit deal, under a free trade agreement, all that goes (after a transition period). The only guaranteed outcome is that the goods made in Yorkshire would be free of any tariffs (import taxes) or quotas on their importation to any of the EU’s 27 remaining member states.

It was this backstop that wrecked the May government.

[David Frum: Brexit will never be over]

But if the border is not carved across Ireland—or drawn around both Ireland and Britain together—then there remains only one other place it can plausibly go: down the Irish Sea between Ireland and Britain. And this is what Johnson appears to have agreed to today.

A lot of rhetoric is being expended to obscure this concession, but this is what seems to have been conceded. And what a concession it is!

Since the 1880s, a crucial part of the identity of the Conservative Party of Great Britain has been the defense of the union between Britain and as much of Ireland as wished to remain attached to Britain. For this cause, Britain fought a war against the Irish Republican Army from 1919 to 1921, then endured a terrorist campaign by a revived IRA after 1969. Over 30 years, 3,500 people lost their lives in the Irish Troubles, including more than 1,000 British soldiers and police. The Good Friday Agreement preserved Northern Ireland as a constituent element of the United Kingdom, a decisive victory of the union cause.

UK's Johnson prepares push to heave Brexit bill over line

  UK's Johnson prepares push to heave Brexit bill over line British lawmakers from across the political spectrum are expected to challenge Prime Minister Boris Johnson's drive to push his European Union divorce bill through the House of Commons in three days, potentially scuttling plans to deliver Brexit by Oct. 31. The bill faces two votes Tuesday, with lawmakers first being asked to approve it in principle, followed by a vote on the government's schedule for debate and possible amendments.

Boris Johnson delivered his first speech in Parliament since the Supreme Court ruled his prorogation was unlawful. He told the opposition they must let his government deliver Brexit or call a vote of no confidence and let the voters decide.

BORIS JOHNSON has pledged to deliver Brexit with or without a deal on October 31– but will the Prime Minister deliver on his promise for the Halloween Boris Johnson has approached the Brexit crisis with a “do or die” attitude. Since coming into office in July, Mr Johnson has claimed the UK will

The reported EU-U.K. deal continues the political union between Britain and Northern Ireland, but it apparently severs the economic union. Northern Ireland will have one customs and value-added-tax regime; Britain another. If Britain enters into, say, a free-trade agreement with the United States, Northern Ireland apparently will not. Over time, under this agreement as reported, Northern Ireland will be subsumed into ever closer union with the Irish Republic and the European Union.

This economic merger must have political consequences. In 2016, Northern Ireland cast 55 percent of its votes for the Remain side in the EU referendum. The threat to the Good Friday Agreement seems to have pushed Northern Irish opinion even further away from Britain. One of the most reliable measures of British public opinion, the polls commissioned by the Conservative peer Michael Ashcroft, finds that a plurality of Northern Irish people, 46 percent, would now vote to quit the U.K. and unify with the republic to their south. (Northern Ireland used to have a substantial Protestant majority, but higher Catholic birth rates and the migration of young Protestants to the British mainland have equalized the two main religious groups in the province.)

Meanwhile, the Brexit process has radicalized English opinion against the Irish, northern as well as southern. Among Conservative Party supporters, 59 percent would prefer to let Northern Ireland go rather than compromise on Brexit.

What's next after Johnson's goal of Brexit on Oct. 31 fades?

  What's next after Johnson's goal of Brexit on Oct. 31 fades? Prime Minister Boris Johnson's goal of taking Britain out of the European Union on Oct. 31 looks to have bitten the dust after lawmakers blocked his attempt to fast-track a Brexit bill through Parliament. "I don't think the people of this country want a delay. I don't want a delay," Johnson said Wednesday. But a delay is on the cards.

Sign up to our Brexit Bulletin, follow us @ Brexit and subscribe to our podcast. British and European Union officials will resume their efforts to nail down a After three years of tortured negotiations, which cost his predecessor Theresa May her job, Johnson has vowed to deliver Brexit “do or die” by the

There is no question Johnson will deliver Brexit . There is no question Johnson will deliver Brexit . The only question is "How?" Barring some stunning gaffe or sudden illness or death that takes him out of the race, Boris Johnson will be the UK's next prime minister.

Johnson is heeding his party members with this apparent deal. But he is also heading toward a future in which the United Kingdom itself becomes a casualty of the Brexit process. Scotland is even more pro-EU than Northern Ireland, and Conservative Party members are even more willing (63 percent) to sacrifice the union with Scotland to the Brexit cause.

Getting from here to there may be difficult. By a law adopted in September, any EU-U.K. deal must be approved by the British Parliament—where Johnson has never commanded a majority. The votes of Northern Irish members of Parliament will be indispensable to Johnson. Johnson is offering them enormous sums for economic development in return for their support—but the whole reason for being of the Northern Irish party in the House of Commons is the British union, and agreeing to be merged economically into the EU may be unacceptable to its members at any price.

If the Johnson deal fails in the vote expected Saturday, then the Brexit process gets extended to January, and Britain probably heads to a new election that Johnson could easily lose.

The issue in that election becomes radically stark: Brexit or union? The English nationalism that powers Brexit is repelling the rest of the United Kingdom. It’s not Brexit. Its Engxit—and Engxit not only from the European Union, but Engxit from Britain, too.

Boris Johnson's election call is an admission he's run out of Brexit options .
Under normal circumstances, the British Prime Minister would be celebrating. But nothing is normal in Brexit Britain. © Frank Augstein/AP Britain's Prime Boris Johnson leaves 10 Downing Street to attend the weekly Prime Ministers' Questions session, in parliament in London, Wednesday, Oct. 23, 2019. (AP Photo/Frank Augstein) Despite not having a parliamentary majority, his brand new legislative agenda has just been approved by the House of Commons. Instead of popping open the champagne and getting ready to crack on with governing, Johnson is gearing up for an early general election.

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