Opinion: A Post-Post-Cold-War NATO - - PressFrom - US
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Opinion A Post-Post-Cold-War NATO

16:40  13 november  2019
16:40  13 november  2019 Source:   nationalreview.com

French leader laments NATO's 'brain death' due to US absence

  French leader laments NATO's 'brain death' due to US absence French President Emmanuel Macron says a lack of U.S. leadership is causing the "brain death" of NATO and that Europe must start acting as a strategic world power. In an interview with The Economist magazine published Thursday, Macron said "what we are currently experiencing is the brain death of NATO.

Post - Cold War era is the period after the end of the Cold War . Because the Cold War was not an active war but rather a period of geopolitical tensions punctuated by proxy wars, there is disagreement on the official ending of this conflict and subsequent existence of the post - Cold War era.

After the Cold War , NATO was reconceived as a “cooperative-security” organization whose mandate was to include two main objectives: to foster Simultaneously there was much discussion of the future of NATO in the post - Cold War era. Some observers argued that the alliance should be dissolved

Editor’s note: The opinions in this article are the author’s, as published by our content partner, and do not necessarily represent the views of MSN or Microsoft.

a group of people standing in a military uniform: U.S. soldiers attend welcoming ceremony for NATO troops near Orzysz, Poland, in 2017.© Kacper Pempel/Reuters U.S. soldiers attend welcoming ceremony for NATO troops near Orzysz, Poland, in 2017.

It is a bit rich to hear French president Emmanuel Macron announce that NATO is suffering “a brain death” because of “a lack of American commitment.” France has allowed her armed forces to dwindle down to an aircraft carrier, six nuclear submarines with nuclear-tipped missiles, a modest but well-armed air force, and an army of about 100,000, a fifth of Turkey’s. This is the army that in other times was the greatest in Europe prior to the unification of Germany in 1871, was the silent force in French political history, and produced that nation’s greatest leaders, particularly Napoleon and Charles de Gaulle. This was the army that, with the Royal (British) Navy, was the shield defending Western Europe and North America from the dangers of Central and Eastern Europe between the founding of the Alliance Cordiale, ending eight centuries of Anglo–French animosity, in 1904, to the fall of France under the hob-nailed jackboot of Nazi Germany in 1940.

U.S.'s Pompeo says Iran's latest nuclear steps raise concern

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around undersea data cables in the North Atlantic , part of a more aggressive naval posture that has driven Nato to revive a Cold War -era command, according to senior N ato has responded with plans to re-establish a command post , shuttered after the Cold War , to help secure the North Atlantic .

NATO ’s post - Cold War eastward enlargement started off in 1999 with the admission of Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic , followed by Bulgaria, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia and the Baltic states in 2004 and most recently by Croatia and Albania, who joined the Alliance in 2009.

The United States, the country in NATO least likely to be attacked by any other country (except possibly for Canada), or by any terrorist outrage directly traceable to another country, has brought its military capabilities up to their highest point since the end of the Cold War nearly 30 years ago. Of course, the United States is the only country with legitimate strategic interests around the world and it is the only country that can correctly determine the level of force that is necessary to protect those interests adequately and provide the level of deterrence that meets the counsel of Publius Fabius Vegetius Renatus in the late fourth century: “If you wish peace, prepare for war.” Rome had practiced that for seven centuries when Vegetius wrote it, but had reached a state of such political and moral dissolution that it was about to be overthrown in the west and comprehensively defeated and subjugated by barbarians. Though commentators who don’t know better (they are numerous) frequently claim that the United States is in sight of such a fate, it is very far from it.

Turkey should scrap Russian missile system or face U.S. sanctions: White House official

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The Post - Cold War enlargement of NATO , in two rounds so far, was the biggest and the most important geopolitical change in Europe, after the geopolitical transition that took place in Europe from 1989 to 1991. A third round of the enlargement, which includes Croatia and Albania, was opened at

Many wondered whether the North Atlantic Treaty Organization — NATO —had any purpose in a post - Cold War world. Yet, NATO not only continues today but is expanding. As historian Mark Rice reminds us, NATO ’s mission has from the very beginning been as much political as military.

The problem with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization is anything but an absence of American commitment. The United States is absolutely committed to preventing or responding effectively to attacks on NATO countries, but it is unwilling to maintain a false spirit of egalitarian collegiality with allies that are just free riders on the deterrent and counterattack force of the American armed forces. The remark of President Macron is doubly odd because France is about to enjoy a periodic up-thrust of its influence in Europe as Britain partially disengages from it. Germany is in some political turmoil as Chancellor Merkel has stayed too long in office, and it is becoming steadily more difficult to be confident of German political stability. A German chancellor, like a British or Canadian prime minister, can continue in office only if the government retains the support of a majority in the principal legislative house. This is becoming very difficult in Germany, where there are six national parties and the traditional governing Christian and Social Democrats barely enjoy a majority between them.

Trump, Macron to meet after French president criticized NATO

  Trump, Macron to meet after French president criticized NATO French President Emmanuel Macron says he will meet with U.S. President Donald Trump ahead of the Dec. 3-4 NATO summit in London. Macron tweeted that he had an "excellent discussion" with Trump on Monday evening about Syria, Iran and the NATO military alliance. They evoked "lots of convergences," he said, without elaborating. The phone call comes after Macron claimed last week that a lack of U.S. leadership is causing the "brain death" of NATO and said the European Union must step up and start acting as a strategic world power.

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization ( NATO ), once the counter balance to the Soviet Union, has evolved into an alliance that has expanded its As NATO continues to be a post - Cold War , state alliance has it been able to transition to a relevant counter terrorism force and reduce the number of

The North Atlantic Council summit in Brussels in May 1989, NATO 's fortieth anniversary, therefore reiterated the common values and interests among all NATO During NATO 's first two post – Cold War summits, in London in May 1990 and in Rome in November 1991, the alliance attempted to

In these circumstances, Macron, despite his tenuous position in the polls, the modest benefit of his economic reforms, and his ineffectual response to the yellow-vested malcontents, has an increase in stature due to his fixed five-year term. France will have a great deal more influence in a European Union of 27 than it has had in a Europe of 28 including the United Kingdom. Italy, although the rising political forces are intelligent conservatives who may accomplish something useful (a rare occurrence in Italian politics), is in a state of political disorganization, as it usually is; Spain is in some turmoil because of a prolonged recession and the Catalonian separatism crisis. With the bar lowered, France could become the EU’s leading power. Despite its extraordinary fluctuations of fortune, France has never lost the attitude and vocation of a great power.

The problem with NATO is that it needs a new purpose. It was the most successful alliance in the history of the world, as it held the line without losing a square inch of territory to the Soviet Union, even when West Berlin was extremely vulnerable and under serious threat. When the USSR disintegrated, the Warsaw Pact was dissolved, the former Iron Curtain satellite countries were free to choose their own regimes and foreign policies, and Germany was reunited, it was no longer obvious what NATO’s purpose was. But it had been so successful, and the new members in Eastern Europe were so eager for the NATO umbrella to ensure that the oppressive 45-year Russian domination would not recur, they leapt into NATO and have been relatively diligent members. Poland and Estonia, along with the United Kingdom, are the only member states that have met the 2 percent–of–GDP threshold in defense commitments, along with the United States. (Greece briefly did, but only because of the implosion of their economy.)

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The post - Cold War world order was expected to be peacefully unipolar. However, the quarter century since has seen the continuation of war – with the Gulf war NATO -member Turkey is being buffeted by the war in neighbouring Syria and the historic demands of the Kurdish people for national rights.

NATO : Post Cold War . -To view this PDF as a projectable presentation, save the file, click “View” in the top menu bar of the file, and select “Full • The Cold War was a period of East-West competition, tension, and conflict short of full-scale war, characterized by mutual perceptions of hostile intention

France, as a nuclear power, no longer needs the luxury of a large military. Britain values the American Alliance, which achieved such prodigies under Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt, and again under Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan. That aspect of the Western Alliance appears ready for a congenial relaunch under Boris Johnson and Donald Trump. (The evolution in the personalities of the leaders is as striking with the British as with the Americans, though Johnson wrote a very thin volume on Churchill and Trump has taken to quoting Roosevelt. The office makes the man to some extent, even if it doesn’t seek him.)

With the break-up of the USSR and the collapse of international Communism, the principal strategic danger, which President Trump intuitively perceives but his opponents are too obtuse or malicious to grasp (and so they have muddied the domestic political waters), is that Russia, if faced down into the arms of China, could agree to rent a chunk of Siberia on a royalty arrangement to China to be exploited by surplus Chinese manpower. The fusion of resource-rich Siberia with Chinese manpower and exploitive skills would make poor and overpopulated China a full-scale rival to the United States. NATO (i.e. the U.S.) should negotiate a non-aggression and partial-cooperation agreement with Russia to keep it out of the embrace of China. The West can certainly be a more attractive dancing partner for Russia than China, and it should reinforce relations with India and subtly encourage the commercial and strategic independence of the Far Eastern, South Asian, and Australasian neighbors of China, all while managing Sino-American relations carefully.

NATO should probably be expanded to other regions and accept any passably democratic countries that bring anything to the alliance, as a world alliance of nations whose frontiers are mutually guarantied. All members are welcome to remain, but the vote in NATO council meetings should be withdrawn from any country that does not meet three quarters of its contribution target. And something must be done about Turkey. Now that the United States is no longer assigning itself the task of deploying 400 men to prevent Turkey from conducting reprisals against the Kurds (and the widely predicted humanitarian disasters have not occurred), it should be possible to rebuild that relationship, it being understood that Turkish president Erdogan is no more convivial than Russia’s Putin or China’s Xi Jinping. It is time for a little creative thinking. The United States can deal from strength, and the Europeans and Canadians will follow, whatever histrionics are staged in Paris. After all these years, we are accustomed to those.

Violence in protests 'absolute tragedy': NATO Iraq chief .
The violence surrounding waves of anti-government protests across Iraq has been "an absolute tragedy", NATO's Iraq chief told AFP on Sunday at the close of his year-long mandate. "While the events of the last six weeks are an absolute tragedy, NATO continues to urge restraint to the government of Iraq," said Canadian Major General Dany Fortin, the outgoing commander of NATO's Iraq mission.More than 330 people have died since October 1 in rallies in Baghdad and cities across the south calling for an overhaul of the current government, making them Iraq's deadliest demonstrations in decades.

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