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Opinion Our Minds Aren’t Equipped for This Kind of Reopening

02:16  07 july  2020
02:16  07 july  2020 Source:   theatlantic.com

NYC May Slow Indoor Dining Restart Amid Virus Spread Elsewhere

  NYC May Slow Indoor Dining Restart Amid Virus Spread Elsewhere New York Mayor Bill de Blasio said Monday that officials are reconsidering a plan to allow indoor dining July 6, as other states experience a surge in Covid-19 cases after reopening restaurants and bars. © Provided by Associated Press Maya Evans, right, celebrates with friend Tifffany Webster, 30, on Webster's 30th birthday during the first day of the city's phase two reopening from the coronavirus outbreak, Monday, June 22, 2020, on the Upper West Side of Manhattan in New York. Under phase two, the city's restaurants are allowed to serve patrons for outdoor dining with some precautions and restrictions.

Reopening is a mess. Photographs of crowds jostling outside bars, patrons returning to casinos, and a tightly packed, largely maskless audience Individuals are being asked to decide for themselves what chances they should take, but a century of research on human cognition shows that people are bad at

They are missing out, though, because winter in Moscow is like a fairy tale, and one of the most beautiful times of the year to visit. There is so much to see and do that the chance to visit this beautiful city during the winter should not be missed. B. The shocking truth is that the Russian capital at

Reopening is a mess. Photographs of crowds jostling outside bars, patrons returning to casinos, and a tightly packed, largely maskless audience listening to President Donald Trump’s speech at Mount Rushmore all show the U.S. careening back to pre-coronavirus norms. Meanwhile, those of us watching at home are like the audience of a horror movie, yelling “Get out of there!” at our screens. As despair rises, the temptation to shame people who fail at social distancing becomes difficult to resist.

a close up of a mask © Shutterstock / NIH / The Atlantic

But Americans’ disgust should be aimed at governments and institutions, not at one another. Individuals are being asked to decide for themselves what chances they should take, but a century of research on human cognition shows that people are bad at assessing risk in complex situations. During a disease outbreak, vague guidance and ambivalent behavioral norms will lead to thoroughly flawed thinking. If a business is open but you would be foolish to visit it, that is a failure of leadership.

AMC Shifts Theater Reopening Schedule After 'Mulan,' 'Tenet' Move

  AMC Shifts Theater Reopening Schedule After 'Mulan,' 'Tenet' Move Following the move of "Mulan" and "Tenet" from a late July release date to mid-August, AMC Theaters announced on Monday that it is shifting its timetable for reopening its 600-plus theater circuit to coincide with the release of the two blockbusters. The majority of AMC's locations, approximately 450 theaters, will now reopen on July 30, the same weekend that Solstice Studios is set to release its indie thriller "Unhinged." The rest will openThe majority of AMC's locations, approximately 450 theaters, will now reopen on July 30, the same weekend that Solstice Studios is set to release its indie thriller "Unhinged.

The mind is kind of tricked into feeling that it's already done. And then because you've felt that satisfaction, you' re less motivated to do the actual hard work So this goes against conventional wisdom that we should tell our friends our goals, right? So they hold us to it. So, let's look at the proof.

Our group of beginners was feeling rather nervous as we stood at the edge of a vast frozen bay that first day. Niklas tried his best to persuade us to Our best day was at Vattern, one of Europe’s biggest lakes and also one of its clearest. In ideal conditions, this clarity creates a phenomenon known as

Since March, Americans have lived under a simple instruction: Stay home. Now, even as case counts spike in states such as Arizona, Florida, and Texas, many other states continue to ease restrictions on businesses, and suddenly the burden is on individuals to engage in some of the most frustrating and confounding cost-benefit analyses of their life. Pandemic decision making implicates at least two complex cognitive tasks: moral reasoning and risk evaluation.

[Julia Marcus: The dudes who won’t wear masks]

My academic subspecialty is the psychology of judgment and decision making. The foundational experiment in this discipline began with the prompt: “Imagine that the United States is preparing for an outbreak of an unusual Asian disease.” (The glibly xenophobic use of “Asian” as a shortcut to inducing fear and confusion is a subject for another article.) The experiment asked participants to choose between two public-health policies: In option A, one-third of the population survives for sure, but no one else makes it; in option B, there is a one-third chance that all survive, but a two-thirds chance that none do. For some participants, these options were described in terms of how many lives would be saved; for others, how many would die. Participants consistently chose option A, which offered certainty, if they were thinking in terms of potential gains (saving lives) but option B, which involved more risk, if they were thinking about potential losses (dying). A weighty decision was swayed dramatically by the semantic framing. (This observation earned one of the experimenters the Nobel Prize for economics.)

Cinemark Set to Reopen Movie Theaters on July 24 With Classic Hollywood Films

  Cinemark Set to Reopen Movie Theaters on July 24 With Classic Hollywood Films Cinemark on Tuesday announced plans to begin reopening its movie theaters on July 24 with a series of classic Hollywood movies. The nation's third largest exhibitor based its plans on results from reopening five theaters in the Dallas area where the company is based. While the reopening of movie theaters continues to shift due to state and local ordinances as well as a shifting release calendar, the first Hollywood films are currently expected to roll out on July 31 with the Russell Crowe thriller "Unhinged," followed by the rom-com "The Broken Hearts Gallery" on Aug. 7.

(Laughter) People actually volunteer for this , and they usually come out kind of raving about their We evolved as a species near the equator, and so we' re very well- equipped to deal with 12 hours of So, what would our natural rhythm look like? What would our sleeping patterns be in the sort of ideal

Every day our minds process tons of information, our bodies perform thousands of actions. Bright Side made a list of signs which indicate that your kidneys are not working properly. How many of these signals have your body been sending to you?

The cognitive-science canon is replete with uncanny predictions relevant to the coronavirus era. Researchers have studied the human tendency to discount preventable harms that arise from nature and to overreact to harms that arise from human action. The literature predicts that people will take comfort when a coronavirus fatality is attributed to “underlying conditions”—for instance, a patient’s age or chronic maladies—that they do not share, and they will be tempted by the quick dopamine hit associated with shaming those who fail at social distancing. Cognitive scientists even have experiments to explain the “declining marginal disutility” that people associate with others’ deaths—the feeling that the difference between no deaths and one death is really bad, but the difference between 110,000 and 111,000 deaths is negligible. Evocatively termed “psychophysical numbing,” this confounding juxtaposition of the mathematical and the existential is where Americans live now.

Reopening schools seen as vital step in pandemic recovery

  Reopening schools seen as vital step in pandemic recovery Public health experts are increasingly calling for the reopening of schools in the fall, citing the educational and social damage to children if they are kept away , even if such a move would require tradeoffs to safeguard public health. © The Hill Reopening schools seen as vital step in pandemic recovery The extent to which schools can reopen depends in large part on the severity of the coronavirus outbreak in the surrounding area, making steps such as closing bars to reduce the spread of the pandemic critical ahead of the fall. In a sign of a shift in those priorities in at least one state, Michigan Gov.

You are going to read a magazine article about success and how to attain it. For questions 31-36, choose the answer (A, B, C or D) which you think fits And it determines our motivation. To see how, consider an employee who believes success is all about talent – this is known as the ‘fixed mindset’.

That puts me in mind of adults who are addicted to social media and smart phones – attention seeking, scurrying around the internet screaming ‘Look at this ! After taking a break and allowing my mind to roam, it returns refreshed and revitalized, with a fresh take on the challenges that I face during the day.

[Read: Humans are too optimistic to comprehend the coronavirus]

As states gradually reopen, seemingly simple judgments are likely to grow more fraught. What does six feet between people look like? The literature suggests that I am more confident I’m six feet away from a friend than from a stranger, that I’m more likely to blame people not of my race for standing too close, that I overestimate my compliance with public-health guidance but underestimate yours. Humans have difficulty calculating exponents, which is particularly crucial to understanding the speed of disease spread. They struggle to estimate the correct answer to a problem without drifting toward the answer that best serves their own interest. With more freedom of movement, Americans also have more opportunities to make judgments of others—who always seem to be doing it wrong. How can people be sitting in groups, chatting, at an outdoor bar? Who would take their kid to swim in a public pool? Are you inviting those people inside your house?

Even when shamers have the risk calculus right, social-distancing shaming is still useless or even harmful to society. Each judgment is a chance not just to get the math wrong, but to let indignation outstrip empathy. Living in a dense, diverse city, I know that I place moral and practical value on playgrounds, parks, and, indeed, protest marches that I might have viewed as indulgences were I still living in my hometown in rural Maine. Individual citizens—citizens facing a range of permissible options, receiving confusing public-health messaging, triaging competing ethical commitments—are not the best targets of our practical and moral concern. Even within academic psychology, scholars are prone to focusing on individuals who make suboptimal choices—workers who do not save, or employees who choose bad retirement investments. In the pandemic, this urge is a red herring; it is too easy to focus on people making bad choices rather than on people having bad choices. People should practice humility regarding the former and voice outrage about the latter.

Miami-Dade mayor: Residents 'kind of let their guard down' during reopening

  Miami-Dade mayor: Residents 'kind of let their guard down' during reopening Miami-Dade County Mayor Carlos Gimenez (R) blamed county residents "let[ting] their guard down" since the state began to reopen for Florida becoming a recent hotspot for the coronavirus."My residents also kind of let their guard down in late May, early June, and also some of the protests we had here I think contributed to it," Gimenez said on CBS' "Face the Nation.""We saw a rapid rise in young people being positive for COVID-19 around mid-June, and I think that had a lot to do with probably socializing, young people going to parties, maybe graduation parties at home," he added.

The nearest Metro metro station is Park Kultury, and there are a few more stations within walking distance. However, not all the seasons in Russia are warm enough for outdoor activities. Does this mean that in winter Gorky Park turns into a deserted place?

It was in the depths of the recession, and initially our new owners promised to see our small company _ the hard times. Companies come along to advertise jobs, which are usually in _(*manage*), and the career structures and benefit packages that go with them.

[Derek Thompson: Social distancing is not enough]

At the least, government agencies must promulgate clear, explicit norms and rules to facilitate cooperative choices. Most people congregating in tight spaces are telling themselves a story about why what they are doing is okay. Such stories flourish under confusing or ambivalent norms. People are not irrevocably chaotic decision makers; the level of clarity in human thinking depends on how hard a problem is. I know with certainty whether I’m staying home, but the confidence interval around “I am being careful” is really wide. Concrete guidance makes challenges easier to resolve. If masks work, states and communities should require them unequivocally. Cognitive biases are the reason to mark off six-foot spaces on the supermarket floor or circles in the grass at a park.

For social-distancing shaming to be a valuable public-health tool, average citizens should reserve it for overt defiance of clear official directives—failure to wear a mask when one is required—rather than mere cases of flawed judgment. In the meantime, money and power are located in public and private institutions that have access to public-health experts and the ability to propose specific behavioral norms. The bad judgments that really deserve shaming include the failure to facilitate testing, failure to protect essential workers, failure to release larger numbers of prisoners from facilities that have become COVID-19 hot spots, and failure to create the material conditions that permit strict isolation. America’s half-hearted reopening is a psychological morass, a setup for defeat that will be easy to blame on irresponsible individuals while culpable institutions evade scrutiny.

Canadian province of Ontario to announce Stage 3 reopening details Monday .
Canadian province of Ontario to announce Stage 3 reopening details MondayTORONTO (Reuters) - Ontario Premier Doug Ford will announce details on Monday about the province's third stage of reopening, his office said on Sunday, a step likely to end most restrictions introduced in March to limit the spread of the novel coronavirus.

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