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Opinion The Mayflower Compact and why it matters

07:50  02 december  2020
07:50  02 december  2020 Source:   washingtonexaminer.com

Thanksgiving myths: Don’t believe everything your teacher told you about the Pilgrims

  Thanksgiving myths: Don’t believe everything your teacher told you about the Pilgrims From the landing on Plymouth Rock to the harmonious feast with the native Wampanoags, the story about the Pilgrims is rife with myth and inaccuracy. Here are four myths that have been corrected based on documented history: Myth: The Pilgrims were the first Europeans to land in Southern New England and to interact with the Native people. The commonly told version of the 1620 Mayflower landing is that the Pilgrims were the first Europeans to step onto the shores of Massachusetts. According to historic accounts, however, Europeans had been visiting New England since at least the late 1400s.

The Mayflower Compact , originally titled Agreement Between the Settlers of New Plymouth, was the first governing document of Plymouth Colony.

The Mayflower Compact was the first formal framework of government established in what is now the United States. The Pilgrim leaders thus drafted the Mayflower Compact to establish an authority on their new land. The document was a formal attempt to establish a legally binding self-governing body.

Around this particular Thanksgiving holiday, especially in the midst of our current travails, we should take a moment to recall that this is the 400th anniversary of the Mayflower voyage, the founding of Plymouth Colony, and the signing, on Nov. 11, 1620, of the Mayflower Compact.

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The Mayflower Compact, brief as it is, is worthy of more attention than it has thus far received on this 400th anniversary, during a year in which so much attention has been focused on America's supposed ills rather than the ideas and ideals embodied in the nation's foundational principles.

The Mayflower's original destination was near the mouth of the Hudson River. But when rough seas blew the ship off-course and the voyagers landed at what is now Plymouth, Massachusetts, they understood they were in territory beyond the authority that they had been granted. Hence the need for an agreement, which we now call the Mayflower Compact and which they called a "covenant," to govern their affairs.

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Mayflower Compact - Writing the Mayflower Compact The Mayflower Compact was probably drafted by William Brewster, who had a university The Mayflower Compact , established the colony of Plymouth Plantation as a “civil body politic” under the sovereignty of King James I of England.

Pilgrims had to find a way to get along with "strangers" on their ship once they landed in the New World.

The covenant was signed by all 41 of the male passengers aboard the Mayflower before they departed the ship. Fewer than half of the 102 passengers were members of the English separatist group (the Puritans) that earlier had fled to Leyden in the Netherlands in search of religious freedom. It was only later that the entire group became known as Pilgrims.

The agreement declares the Pilgrims' purpose "to covenant & combine ourselves together into a civill body politick, for our better ordering, & preservation & furtherance of the ends" of planting a colony. And it continues, "To enacte, constitute, and frame shuch just & equall lawes, ordinances, Acts, constitutions, & offices, from time to time, as shall be thought most meete & convenient for the generall good of the Colonie: unto which we promise all submission and obedience."

The Mayflower Compact, America's theological social contract

  The Mayflower Compact, America's theological social contract In November 1620, the individuals we know as the Pilgrims created the first social contract in the New World. It was their Protestant faith, rather than some sort of political theory, that provided the idea of covenanting together to form a civil body politic: © Provided by Washington Examiner In the name of God, Amen. We whose names are underwritten, the loyal subjects of our dread Sovereign Lord King James, by the Grace of God of Great Britain, France, and Ireland King, Defender of the Faith, etc.

Mayflower Compact APUSH questions focus on the significance of this document establishing one of America's oldest governments in Plymouth To be successful on Mayflower Compact APUSH questions, make sure to study the significance of the compact as an early framework of American

In the name of God, Amen. We, whose names are underwritten, the Loyal Subjects of our dread Sovereign Lord, King James, by the Grace of God, of England, France and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, e&. Having undertaken for the Glory of God, and Advancement of the Christian Faith

I've retained the original spelling here, but the meaning should be clear.

The Mayflower Compact is simple but nevertheless foundational as a declaration of self-government. Those New World arrivals combining together in a "civil body politic" agree to submit to the rule of law under "just and equal" laws. Not merely any laws.

It was by no means a full-blown plan of government. That would await the drafting and ratification of the Constitution of 1787. But it was a grounding upon which future advances in self-government would be built. And in light of the principles established in November 1620 on the Mayflower, it is an important part of the American story.

Fully half of the Mayflower's Pilgrims died of disease and starvation in their first winter in the New World. So, there was reason enough for those who survived to assemble in the autumn of 1621 for a feast of "Thanksgiving" with the Pokanoket Wampanoags, who had shared advice on planting and harvesting.

Thanksgiving on the 400th Anniversary of the Pilgrims' Landing

  Thanksgiving on the 400th Anniversary of the Pilgrims' Landing This month marks 400 years since Pilgrims first set foot in modern-day Massachusetts, where they would eventually start the modern tradition of Thanksgiving.In fact, some historians argue that the first Thanksgiving happened a year earlier in Virginia, at Charles City County. It was there, in 1619, that 38 English settlers held a celebration under order from the group's charter to mark a day that would be "yearly and perpetually kept holy as a day of thanksgiving to Almighty God.

Read the Mayflower Compact aloud with the students, paragraph by paragraph, making sure students understand the language and discussing the importance of what is being said . The students write a three-paragraph summary explaining what the Mayflower compact stated, why it was created, and

13 Original Mayflower compact . 14 Why "ye"? 15 Chart. 16 Suggestion to merge "Signer section". I thought about doing that, too. I don't know the order of the signers though, and if it matters . -- (to change to a numbered list you add the pound sign rather than the asterisk} -- I'll do that now.

The year 2020 will always be associated with this pandemic, which has caused so much suffering. But as always, we have had much for which to be grateful during this Thanksgiving season. The prospect of a highly effective vaccine developed in record time, along with the quickening availability of more proven therapeutics, is reason enough to be hopeful and to be thankful.

The Mayflower Compact's 400th anniversary should be cause for celebrating an agreement articulating what became fundamental principles in the United States — rule by consent of the governed under just and equal laws.

And perhaps, too, in the spirit of the present season, it is worth reflecting upon the words of James Madison in Federalist No. 14, published on Nov. 30, 1787: "Harken not to the unnatural voice which tells you that the people of America, knit together as they are by so many cords of affection, can no longer live together as members of the same family."

It is never the wrong time, but especially now at a time of obviously deep divisions in what the Mayflower Compact called the "civil body politic," it is good to remember a remarkable part of the early American story that provides a grounding for nurturing what Madison called our "many cords of affection."

Randolph May is the president of the Free State Foundation, a free market-oriented think tank in Rockville, Maryland.

Tags: Opinion, Op-Eds, History

Original Author: Randolph May

Original Location: The Mayflower Compact and why it matters

The Capital Letter: Week of November 30 .
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usr: 1
This is interesting!