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PoliticsThe Baseless Claim That Climate Scientists Are ‘Driven’ by Money

04:40  28 november  2018
04:40  28 november  2018 Source:   nytimes.com

U.S. report to detail costs of climate change as Trump downplays threat

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John Timmer in ArsTechnica (May 2012) - Accusations that climate science is money - driven reveal ignorance of how science is done. The government, the argument goes, is paying scientists specifically to demonstrate that carbon dioxide is the major culprit in recent climate change, and the

Climate change sceptics gained wide publicity in blogs and news media,[31] making allegations that the hacked emails showed evidence that climate It said that emails showed harassment of researchers, with multiple Freedom of Information requests to the Climatic Research Unit, but release of

The Baseless Claim That Climate Scientists Are ‘Driven’ by Money© Luke Sharrett for The New York Times A power plant in Robards, Ky., in May.

WHAT WAS SAID

“The reality is that a lot of these scientists are driven by the money that they receive. And, of course, they don’t receive money from corporations and Exxon and the like.”

— Rick Santorum, the former Republican senator from Pennsylvania, in remarks on CNN on Sunday

“The report is nothing more than a rehash of age-old 10- to 20-year assumptions made by scientists that get paid to further the politics of global warming.”

— Tom DeLay, Republican of Texas who was the former House majority leader, in remarks on CNN on Monday

THE FACTS

Sun-dimming aerosols could curb global warming

Sun-dimming aerosols could curb global warming Scientists are proposing an ingenious but as yet unproven way to tackle climate change: spraying sun-dimming chemicals into the Earth's atmosphere. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.getMedianetNativeAds(true); }); The research by scientists at Harvard and Yale universities, published in the journal Environmental Research Letters, proposes using a technique known as stratospheric aerosol injection (SAI), which they say could cut the rate of global warming in half.

At least 97 percent of climate scientists agree that global warming trends in the last 100 years are “extremely likely” due to human activities, according But Santorum, citing zero evidence, claimed the federal government’s own scientists were “ driven by money ” when they warned in their report that

Public climate scientists are employed by government institutions like NASA and the National One noteworthy observation is that a plausible alternative to the theory to human- driven climate change Only when the public gains an understanding of the scientific process will the baseless claim of

This lacks evidence.

The federal government’s most recent climate change report, released last week, warned that global warming could cause substantial damage to the American economy, human health and the environment. The report has prompted some critics to dismiss climate scientists as corrupted by money, a common but baseless attack.

“We were paid zero dollars to produce the national assessment,” Katharine Hayhoe, an author of the report, said in an interview. “In fact, there was a reverse financial motive.”

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Researchers working in climate change do not receive atypically large paychecks, nor do they strike it rich from grants. The claim also ignores that internal research from oil companies affirms the scientific consensus on climate change.

Al Gore and Environmental Groups Accuse Trump of 'Burying' Climate Report With Black Friday Release

Al Gore and Environmental Groups Accuse Trump of 'Burying' Climate Report With Black Friday Release The federal government report was released without fanfare Friday, when many Americans headed to the stores for the Black Friday sales. Compiled as a result of collaboration by more than 300 federal government and independent scientists, the report warns that unchecked climate change will impact human health, safety, and cost the country hundreds of billions of dollars. The report was reviewed by 13 federal agencies.

One of the best explanations of why the claim is just absurd comes from Richard Alley in this interview snippet: Many of the scientists interviewed for Denial101x also John Timmer in ArsTechnica (May 2012) - Accusations that climate science is money - driven reveal ignorance of how science is done.

Rick Santorum (Pa.) on Sunday claimed that climate scientists " are driven by the money that they receive." "If there was no climate change, we’d have a Santorum's comments come after the Trump administration on Friday published a dire report that warned of catastrophic climate change if the U.S

Professors at public universities who teach earth sciences and environmental studies generally earn more than their peers in humanities and social sciences, but less than faculty in the economics, business and law departments, according to data from the Association of American Universities.

For example, at Pennsylvania State University, professors in the earth and mineral sciences department made an average salary of $157,773, which was below the universitywide average of $166,731. Professors in earth and environmental sciences earned $98,567 on average at Iowa State University, compared with the average salary of $134,039.

In the 2017 fiscal year, the federal government spent about $13.2 billion in climate change funding, according to a recent Government Accountability Office report. The bulk, about $9 billion, funded clean energy technology, while science funding accounted for $2.8 billion. Climate science funding represents about 2.4 percent of the $118.3 billion in total federal research funding in the 2017 fiscal year.

Australia's PM rebukes schoolchildren protesting over climate change

Australia's PM rebukes schoolchildren protesting over climate change Most politicians go to great lengths to avoid alienating large sections of the population, but Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison apparently didn't get the memo as he blasted schoolchildren who are organizing protests for climate action. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.getMedianetNativeAds(true); }); "What we want is more learning in schools and less activism in schools," Morrison said during question time in Parliament Monday.

Climate science denial comes in many forms today. Of course the most blatantly wrong are those who reject the overwhelming scientific consensus that climate change is real and driven by manmade activities including the burning of fossil fuels. This cohort makes baseless claims such as “CO2 is

One of the best explanations of why the claim is just absurd comes from Richard Alley in this interview snippet: Many of the scientists interviewed for Denial101x also John Timmer in ArsTechnica (May 2012) - Accusations that climate science is money - driven reveal ignorance of how science is done.

When that money trickles down to researchers, it is not padding their pockets. In a video, Dr. Hayhoe explained how a $1.1 million grant she received was spent: It was divided over four years, was split with her university for facilities costs, helped pay for a graduate assistant and covered the costs of conferences, laptops and publishing in scientific journals.

What really leads to more funding and a higher salary is a scientist’s ability to produce groundbreaking research, not confirming the consensus, Michael E. Mann, a climate scientist, wrote in his book “The Madhouse Effect.”

And contrary to Mr. Santorum’s suggestion, Exxon Mobil and other fossil fuel companies do fund research. From 1977 to 2014, 83 percent of the company’s peer-reviewed studies and 80 percent of its internal communications acknowledged that climate change is real and caused by humans, according to a 2017 study that reviewed Exxon’s documents.

Similarly, researchers at Royal Dutch Shell sounded the alarm in the 1980s about the potential threats posed by climate change. Exxon, Shell and Chevron all publicly agree that climate change is a risk.

Trump dismisses findings of U.S. government report on climate change

Trump dismisses findings of U.S. government report on climate change U.S. President Donald Trump said on Monday he had read parts of a U.S. government report projecting that climate change will cost the country's economy billions of dollars by the end of the century, but he does not believe the economic impacts will be devastating. "I've seen it, I've read some of it, and it's fine," he told reporters at the White House. Asked about severe economic impacts, he said, "I don't believe it." Last year, Trump announced he would withdraw the United States from the 2015 Paris Deal to combat climate change.

Climate skeptics and deniers often misrepresent “ scientific uncertainty ” to undermine climate science findings. What scientists can calculate quite confidently is a narrow range of outcomes within a given scenario—meaning the likely highest and lowest values if we continue on a certain path of emissions.

Former Republican senator and conservative political commentator Rick Santorum has been slammed for claiming that climate scientists are only in it for the money while speaking on CNN’s State of the Union panel show Sunday.

WHAT WAS SAID

“No. No. I don’t believe it. And here’s the other thing — you’re going to have to have China, and Japan, and all of Asia, and all of these other countries — you know, it — it addresses our country. Right now, we’re at the cleanest we’ve ever been, and that’s very important to me. But if we’re clean but every other place on Earth on is dirty, that’s not so good.”

— President Trump, in remarks to reporters on Monday

THE FACTS

White House: Federal climate change report 'not based on facts'

White House: Federal climate change report 'not based on facts' White House press secretary Sarah Sanders denounced a new climate-change report as "not data driven" and "not based on facts," sharpening the Trump administration's repudiation of the document crafted by 13 federal agencies. Sanders denounced the National Climate Assessment during a Tuesday press briefing, defending President Trump's publicly expressed doubt about its warning of potentially severe ocean-level rises and associated economic costs. "You have to look at the fact that this report is based on the most extreme modeled scenario, which contradicts long-established trends," Sanders said.

Surveys of scientists ' views on climate change – with a focus on human-caused or anthropogenic global warming (AGW) – have been undertaken since the 1990s. A 2016 paper (which was co-authored by Naomi Oreskes, Peter Doran, William Anderegg, Bart Verheggen, Ed Maibach

But what they show is that climate scientists are frustrated, because for two decades they have been under attack. In the late 1970s, scientists first came to a consensus that global warming was likely to result from increasing greenhouse gases released by burning fossil fuels. This idea had been around

False. The United States is not the cleanest country.

The United States ranked 27th out of 180 countries in an environmental performance review, compiled this year by Yale and Columbia University researchers in collaboration with the World Economic Forum. Switzerland topped the list.

The environmental performance index assigns the ranking based on 10 categories, including air and water quality, biodiversity and climate and energy.

The Climate Action Tracker, which monitors countries’ pledges to reduce emissions, has rated the United States’ efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions as “critically insufficient.”

WHAT WAS SAID

“And you have to look at the fact that this report is based on the most extreme model scenario, which contradicts long-established trends.”

— Sarah Huckabee Sanders, the White House press secretary, in a news conference on Tuesday

Scientists: World still isn't ready for gene-edited babies

Scientists: World still isn't ready for gene-edited babies A group of leading scientists has declared that it's still too soon to try making permanent changes to DNA that can be inherited by future generations, as a Chinese researcher claims to have done. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.getMedianetNativeAds(true); }); The scientists gathered in Hong Kong this week for an international conference on gene editing, the ability to rewrite the code of life to try to correct or prevent diseases.

Climate change doubters have no patience for claims that the overwhelming number of climate researchers believe that humans are the driving The use of the word " scientists " is misleading, since a signatory need not be a scientist today and need not have done more than earned a bachelor

Climate Scientist Cowtan: Temperature Records Are Adjusted To Account For Changes In Measuring Instruments. Ars Technica's science editor John Timmer similarly affirmed the baselessness of Booker's claims in a February 9 article, explaining that temperature records "have to be processed" to

THE FACTS

Leaders gather for key UN climate talks in Poland

Leaders gather for key UN climate talks in Poland Leaders from around the world are arriving for the ceremonial opening of the climate conference in southern Poland that will discuss ways of curbing climate change. The two-week conference in Katowice is expected to work out how governments can report on their efforts to reduce green gas emission and keep global warming well below 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit), as agreed in 2015 in Paris. Host Poland will propose a declaration Monday for a "just transition" away from coal mining, the supplier of its main source of energy, to take into consideration the situation of people employed in the sector.

On State of the Union on Sunday, former GOP senator and current CNN contributor Rick Santorum told guest host Dana Bash that climate scientists are “ driven by money ,” praised Donald Trump‘s White House for minimizing his administration’s climate change report, and reiterated the president’s

False.

The national assessment considers three model cases for greenhouse gas emissions, not just the “most extreme.” They represent a range: One model assumes that global emissions will continue to increase throughout the century, another assumes that emissions will peak by midcentury then decline, and the third assumes that emissions have already peaked.

In the appendix, the report’s authors wrote that they focused on these situations because they “capture a range of plausible atmospheric concentration futures that drive climate models.” The focus on the first two cases is consistent with the projections used by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, while the third situation assumes greater emissions reductions than estimates by the panel.

The lower emissions cases would require the world to make substantial cuts to greenhouse gas emissions in the decades ahead — but even these would still lead to considerable damage, the report says.

Leaders gather for key UN climate talks in Poland.
Leaders from around the world are arriving for the ceremonial opening of the climate conference in southern Poland that will discuss ways of curbing climate change. The two-week conference in Katowice is expected to work out how governments can report on their efforts to reduce green gas emission and keep global warming well below 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit), as agreed in 2015 in Paris. Host Poland will propose a declaration Monday for a "just transition" away from coal mining, the supplier of its main source of energy, to take into consideration the situation of people employed in the sector.

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