Politics: Should the Electoral College Be Eliminated? 15 States Are Trying to Make it Obsolete - PressFrom - US
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PoliticsShould the Electoral College Be Eliminated? 15 States Are Trying to Make it Obsolete

03:00  23 may  2019
03:00  23 may  2019 Source:   nytimes.com

Maine Senate passes bill that would give Electoral College votes to winner of national popular vote

Maine Senate passes bill that would give Electoral College votes to winner of national popular vote The Maine Senate has passed a bill that would award the state's Electoral College votes to the winner of the national popular vote in a presidential election.The Bangor Daily News reports that the state chamber approved the bill in a 19-16 vote on Tuesday.If passed by the state House and signed by Maine Gov. Janet Mills (D), the state would become the latest to join National Popular Vote Interstate Compact, which is an agreement among a number of states to give their electoral college votes to whichever presidential candidate wins the popular vote. So far, 14 states and Washington D.C.

The Electoral College is a body of electors established by the United States Constitution, constituted every four years for the sole purpose of electing the president and vice president of the United States .

Although the Electoral College should be abolished, we need to have a better form of electing presidents. The electoral college was set up to reflect this view. I would pose that eliminating the electoral college could be very The Electoral College makes it so that voting is truly democratic.

Should the Electoral College Be Eliminated? 15 States Are Trying to Make it Obsolete© Scott Sonner/Associated Press Protesters demonstrated against President Trump outside the State Capitol in Carson City, Nev., in 2016. Criticism of the Electoral College has increased since the 2016 presidential election.

The man who helped invent scratch-off lottery tickets now has his sights set on a bigger prize: overhauling the way the United States elects presidents.

On Tuesday, Nevada became the latest state to pass a bill that would grant its electoral votes to whoever wins the popular vote across the country, not just in Nevada. The movement is the brainchild of John Koza, a co-founder of National Popular Vote, an organization that is working to eliminate the influence of the Electoral College.

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States Don’t Use an Electoral College to Choose Their Leader, Neither Should the Nation. The fact that no state uses an Electoral College for its governor suggests that many standard arguments for the Hillary Clinton’s growing lead over Donald J. Trump is now over 1 million votes, making this the

The Electoral College was established in Article II of the Constitution, and could be For example, the 13th Amendment eliminated slavery, effectively making the Three-Fifths Clause obsolete . Essentially, the Electoral College gives more weight to smaller, more Republican states who would

If Nevada’s governor signs the bill, the state will become the 15th — plus the District of Columbia — to join an interstate pact of states promising to switch to the new system. Those states, including Nevada, have a total of 195 electoral votes. The pact would take effect once enough states have joined to guarantee the national winner 270 electoral votes, ensuring election.

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Enforcement, however, could be very difficult without Congressional approval, according to constitutional law experts. And the pact would be highly vulnerable to legal challenges, they say.

But while it may seem quixotic, momentum is building. So far in 2019, Colorado, New Mexico and Delaware have passed laws joining the pact. Maine and Oregon may take similar steps this year.

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Geography, combined with the oaths electors must take, rendered the Electoral College totally —“Locks” such as California and Oklahoma are ignored; swing states are incentivized and For instance, after Obama won reelection in 2012 he tried to enact a plan for investing in high-speed rail.

Should the United States Use the Electoral College in Presidential Elections ? Pro 1. The Founding Fathers enshrined the Electoral College in the US Constitution because they thought it was the best method to choose the president. Using electors instead of the popular vote was intended to

Mr. Koza said he and his colleagues have been lobbying state legislators across the country since 2006 to enact such bills. An Electoral College hobbyist since the 1960s, he watched in frustration in 2004 as the presidential election between President George W. Bush and his democratic opponent, John Kerry, came down to a few battleground states.

It wasn’t right, and it happened again, year after year, he said: “Everybody’s vote should count. But entire campaigns run around a couple of states and that, in turn, distorts government policy.”

In a presidential election, the Constitution grants states a certain number of electors, equal to their combined representation in the House and the Senate, and the electors choose the president. In general, the candidate who wins the most popular votes in each state gets all that state’s electors, though a handful of states use different rules. The candidate who gets the majority of the electoral votes becomes president.

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The Electoral College is a profoundly democratic and appropriate way to elect the president. Changing to a national popular vote would make American Democratic processes need rules, and that's exactly what the Electoral College is for presidential elections . It requires more than any simple majority of

The Electoral College vote totals determine the winner, not the statistical plurality or majority a candidate may have in the nation-wide popular vote totals. Under federal law an objection to a state ’s Electoral votes may be made to the President of the Senate during Congress’s counting of Electoral

But, as in the 2016 election, that is not always the candidate who won the overall popular vote. In 2016, former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton received some 3 million more votes than President Trump, but the states she won gave her fewer electoral votes than Mr. Trump received.

In all, five presidents in American history have won office while losing the popular vote, including two of the last three: Mr. Trump and George W. Bush.

Many Democrats believe the current system unfairly favors rural states with smaller populations, which are often strongly Republican.

Of course, not everyone likes the idea of moving away from the current Electoral College system.

In Colorado, with Democrats in control of both the legislature and the governor’s seat, a measure like Nevada’s passed and was signed into law by Gov. Jared Polis in March. But it sparked an outcry among conservatives in the state. No Republicans supported it.

On the state House floor, one legislator suggested renaming the measure the “We Really, Really, Really, Really, Really Hate Donald Trump Act of 2019.”

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" Eliminating the Electoral College does not even require a constitutional amendment. Advocates argue that it is a way to make every vote count and will take the campaigns’ emphasis off a small number of Battleground states would become obsolete , and candidates would concentrate on

Electoral college : Electoral college , the system by which the president and vice president of the United States are chosen. It was devised by the framers 7As no candidate received a majority of the electoral votes, the decision was made by the House of Representatives. 8Greeley died shortly after

Jerry Sonnenberg, a Republican state senator in Colorado who opposed the bill, said he believed the change would weaken the electoral power of sparsely populated rural states like Wyoming and Utah, while strengthening states like California and New York.

In his view, the Electoral College was created so that “people in rural areas did not get overrun by the masses.”

“I think it’s completely appropriate that we keep the Electoral College,” he said.

For his part, Mr. Koza said the effort goes far beyond Mr. Trump. “The visible public problem right now with the electoral system is that the candidate who came in second gets the White House,” he said. “But the real problem is that very few states get the attention of the presidential campaigns.”

He believes the movement will not reach a critical mass until the 2024 election, when Mr. Trump most likely would not be on the ballot.

Sanford Levinson, a constitutional law scholar at the University of Texas at Austin, is sharply critical of the Electoral College system, but does not believe the interstate pact would solve all of the problems inherent to America’s election design.

The Constitution gives disproportionate representation to smaller states in the Electoral College, he said, but he believes the entire system should be replaced, not just circumvented. A popular majority should decide the presidency directly, he said, through runoff elections or tiered-candidate ballots.

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Yes, the Electoral College should be reformed. There is a disconnect somewhere between the The electoral college forces presidents to only focus on swing states . As a Californian, I feel like I think this would be an easy change and I think we should do that, rather than try to fix the broken system.

It is obsolete . The electoral college made sense at a time when It was difficult to accurately count votes from The electoral college was set up to give smaller states a voice. The electoral college system makes sure Presidents have build nation-wide support and demonstrate that they will be good

“I want to emphasize that I rarely engage in Founder-bashing,” he said. “I don’t think these were stupid arguments in 1787. But times change.”

Even if enough states sign on to the pact to make it effective, Mr. Levinson said he anticipates significant legal challenges if the proposal is not sanctioned by Congress as well.

“What if it turns out that the Republican candidate comes in first, but doesn’t get the majority of the vote, and California says, ‘Wait, we don’t see a reason why our electors should vote for the candidate who didn’t get a majority,’” he said. “Could the other states enforce it, or not?”

Mr. Koza intends to keep pushing ahead anyway. Most state legislatures adjourn their sessions by the end of June, so for the rest of the year, he and his colleagues, including the movement’s other co-founder, Barry Fadem, will strategize about what comes next.

Mr. Koza said his approach today is similar to the one he used while lobbying to create state lotteries in the 1970s and 1980s: Take your time and build relationships, vote by vote.

“This is sort of a seasonal business — I tell people it’s like selling fruit,” Mr. Koza said.

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