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Politics Why should Americans care about refugee resettlement?

00:10  15 september  2020
00:10  15 september  2020 Source:   thehill.com

5 years on, migrants' integration in Germany is 'unqualified success'

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In reality, the refugee resettlement process is the most thorough process an immigrant can endure. The truth is, the refugee resettlement program is the least likely path for a terrorist to choose when Therefore, no individual who sets foot on American soil will ever have been more vetted and verified

Resettlement and asylum. Refugees in America . Crisis Watch. Refugees are usually greeted and welcomed at the airport by case workers from resettlement agencies like the IRC to ensure their transition is as comfortable as possible. Refugees are introduced to their local health care system.

a group of people standing next to a body of water: Why should Americans care about refugee resettlement? © Getty Images Why should Americans care about refugee resettlement?

The United States today stands at a crossroads in our history. In the coming weeks, President Trump will decide on the number of refugees the United States is prepared to admit and resettle from around the world in fiscal 2021. All indications are that the president will continue to turn his back on this vital program and further tarnish a proud record of support for women, men, and children driven from their homes. This would be cruel, unnecessary, and a blow to U.S. interests.

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Representative of the Women's Refugee Commission and Tucker discuss American support for refugee resettlement in US and its impact - positive and negative

What Should the U.S. Do About Refugee Resettlement ? Why the spike? The staggering numbers are attributed to several conflicts, above all the war in Syria. In fiscal year 2016, the United States will admit 85,000 refugees from Near East and South Asia, Africa, Europe, and Latin American and the

The president has already reduced refugee admissions to the lowest levels since the U.S. Refugee Admissions Program began in 1980. Between then and the start of the Trump administration, U.S. presidents had, on average, authorized resettlement ceilings of about 96,000 refugees per year, with actual resettlement numbers averaging about 81,000 annually. For 2018, the first full fiscal year of the Trump administration, the president authorized the admission of only 45,000 refugees. At the time, this was the lowest ceiling in the history of the U.S. Refugee Admissions Program, and only 22,491 were ultimately admitted - also a historic low. For 2019, the President established an even lower ceiling of 30,000. And for the fiscal year 2020, the president continued his assault on refugee resettlement with a ceiling of 18,000. And only about 8,000 have been resettled with only weeks remaining in the fiscal year.

In Greece, a migrant's dream of walking is set back by fire

  In Greece, a migrant's dream of walking is set back by fire MORIA, Greece (AP) — Ayoub Husseini’s struggle to survive and dream of walking again one day have taken a sudden and cruel turn for the worse. An Afghan asylum-seeker, he is paralyzed from the waist down but made it to the Greek island of Lesbos in February with the help of his younger brother Iesa. He carries the hope of finding the treatment he needs in Europe. But the pair, both in their 20s, were left homeless after fires last week destroyed Greece’s largest refugee camp. The site at Moria on the east of the island is infamous for overcrowded and poor living conditions. It housed more than 12,000 people.

Syrian refugees who crossed the Evros River wait to be transferred by police to a first reception center in Greece. Alkis Konstantinidis/Reuters. The United States has long accepted refugees from around the world, but President Trump’s sharp cuts to refugee resettlement have sparked debate over the

Contrary to the right of asylum, refugee resettlement is not codified in international law. What steps should we take to better protect some of the world's most vulnerable people? A refugee family from Afghanistan resettled in Canada are introduced to the sport of curling. Image: REUTERS/Mark Blinch.

With a presidential determination for 2021 now looming, all indications are that the president will further lower the refugee admissions ceiling. As former assistant secretaries of State for Population, Refugees, and Migration in the prior Republican and Democratic administrations, we believe this will be a grave error, and that the president should instead substantially increase refugee resettlement.

For one thing, there is a growing worldwide displacement crisis. Nearly 80 million people are displaced by conflict, persecution, and human rights violations around the world, including more than 26 million refugees outside their home countries. Refugee resettlement cannot be the answer to all the world's refugees. Still, for a modest number of the most vulnerable, including those who have lived as refugees for years or decades, resettlement is a critical and life-saving option.

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Refugee program law and regulations require refugee "self-sufficiency" and early employment with annual reporting on achievement in this area. There is no mention anywhere in the 1980 Refugee Act or elsewhere in immigration law about what should happen when a state withdraws from the program.

Physicians should consider whether refugees need assistance in overcoming barriers to health care . Physicians should assess for reactivation of latent tuberculosis in refugees who present with suggestive signs and symptoms, particularly in the first five years after resettlement .

Why should Americans care?

First, and most importantly, we should care because our common humanity demands that we care, and refugee resettlement provides hope for a brighter future to those around the world who have been subjected to egregious violations of their rights. In fact, since the overwhelming bipartisan passage of the Refugee Act of 1980, the United States has successfully resettled more than 3 million refugees.

Second, refugees - from Albert Einstein to Madeleine Albright to Sergey Brin - have not only enriched our country in fields like science, politics, and technology, but refugees have also made enormous economic contributions through relentless entrepreneurialism that creates businesses, jobs, and tax revenues.

Across the United States, refugees have revitalized declining communities. In Buffalo, New York, for example, refugees and other immigrants contributed $3.1 billion to the metropolitan area's GDP in 2014-about 5.7 percent of the area's total GDP that year, according to a report by International Institute and the New American Economy. Indeed, over a recent 10-year period, some 12,000 refugees had settled in Buffalo, stalling decades of population decline. One draft study from the Department of Health and Human Services showed that over the decade ending in 2014, refugees in the United States generated $63 billion more in government revenue than was spent on public services for them. The Trump administration ignored its report on this matter.

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The strategic case for refugee resettlement is straightforward. But why not give them an opportunity to put their money where their mouth is? Private sponsors should be subject to oversight, as it would be outrageous to allow Americans to take advantage of refugee immigrants, and outcomes for the

5. Why should we take in Syrian refugees ? I've heard most of them are terrorists trying to do us We have assisted 1.5 million Iraqi and Syrian refugees with food, shelter, education and medical care . The refugee resettlement system takes already religious persecution into account when it prioritizes

No one is suggesting the United States should be the sole or even primary option for refugees in need of resettlement. But merely by returning to the more generous numbers of all U.S. administrations since 1980, the United States would signal a willingness to share international humanitarian responsibilities with governments such as Turkey, Jordan, Uganda, Ethiopia, and many others hosting many hundreds of thousands and even millions of refugees. Moreover, our actions would encourage other governments to do much more to resettle refugees.

Finally, while the COVID-19 pandemic requires careful implementation of responsible public health measures, it is not a justification to curb this critical program - especially as the program has already implemented extensive health screening prescribed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for all refugees traveling to the United States.

For all these reasons, refugee advocates on both sides of the political aisle, like ourselves, are calling for humane policies that promote both U.S. interests with the principles of humanitarianism. We are calling for a return to U.S. leadership on this issue, as small investments in time, money, and compassion can yield immense benefits both to those refugees in need and the country that welcomes them.

What Justice Ginsburg's Death Means for the Affordable Care Act—And Democrats' Election Prospects

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Arthur E. Dewey was United States Assistant Secretary of State for Population, Refugees, and Migration from 2002-2005, during the George W. Bush administration. Eric P. Schwartz was United States Assistant Secretary of State for Population, Refugees, and Migration from 2009-2011, during the Obama administration, and is now the president of Refugees International.


Video: Greece resettling stranded migrants to tent camp on Lesbos (Reuters)

Greece resettling stranded migrants to tent camp on Lesbos
Reuters Reuters See more videos
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