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Politics CIA Directors Fast Facts

21:26  27 september  2020
21:26  27 september  2020 Source:   cnn.com

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Here's some background information about directors of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). As part of America's intelligence community, the CIA collects information about foreign governments, organized crime and terrorist groups.

a close up of a sign: CIA Seal at CIA Headquarters © CIA.gov CIA Seal at CIA Headquarters

Facts

September 18, 1947 - The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is established.

It was created by President Harry S. Truman under the National Security Act of 1947.

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December 2004 - President George W. Bush signs terrorism prevention legislation, changing the director of central intelligence position to the director of the Central Intelligence Agency. Porter Goss is the first "D/CIA" after the reorganization.

Current Director

Gina Haspel

- May 21, 2018-present

- Appointed by President Donald Trump

- Career - joins the CIA in 1985; Chief of Station; Deputy Director of the National Clandestine Service and Chief of Staff for the Director of the National Clandestine Service

- Acting CIA director after Mike Pompeo is sworn in as Secretary of State

- First woman to become CIA director

Former Directors of Central Intelligence

Sidney Souers

- January 23-June 10, 1946

- Appointed by Truman as Director of Central Intelligence within the National Intelligence Authority.

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- Military Career - Rear Admiral, US Navy; Deputy Chief of Naval Intelligence

- Later Career - first Executive Secretary, National Security Council (1947-1950)

Hoyt S. Vandenberg

- June 10, 1946-May 1, 1947

- Appointed by Truman as Director of Central Intelligence within the National Intelligence Authority.

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- Military Career - General, US Army Air Corps

- Later Career - Vice Chief of Staff, Air Force; Chief of Staff, Air Force

Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter

- May 1, 1947-October 7, 1950

- Appointed by Truman as Director of Central Intelligence within the National Intelligence Authority.

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- November 24, 1947- Reappointed, first director under the new National Security Act

- December 8, 1947- Senate confirmation

- Military Career - Rear Admiral, US Navy; Officer in Charge of Intelligence, Staff of Pacific Commander, Adm. Chester W. Nimitz

- Later Career - Vice Admiral; Inspector General of the Navy

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Walter Bedell Smith

- October 7, 1950-February 9, 1953

- Appointed by Truman.

- Military Career - Lt. General, US Army; Chief of Staff for Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower; Commander, First Army

- Other Experience - Ambassador to the Soviet Union (1946-1949)

- Later Career - Undersecretary of State (1953-1954)

Allen Dulles

- February 26, 1953-November 29, 1961

- Appointed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower.

- Experience - US Diplomatic Service (1916-1926); Head, Office of Strategic Services, Bern, Switzerland (1942-1945); Deputy Director for Plans, CIA; Deputy Director, CIA

John A. McCone

- November 29, 1961-April 28, 1965

- Appointed by President John F. Kennedy.

- Military Career - Deputy Secretary of Defense; Under Secretary of the Air Force

- Other Experience - Chairman, Atomic Energy Commission

William F. Raborn Jr.

- April 28, 1965-June 30, 1966

- Appointed by President Lyndon B. Johnson.

- Military Career - Vice Admiral; Director, US Navy Special Projects Office; Deputy Chief of Naval Operations

Richard Helms

- June 30, 1966-February 2, 1973

- Appointed by Johnson.

- Military Career - US Naval Reserve

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- Other experience - Office of Strategic Services (1943-1947); Deputy Director for Plans, CIA

- Later Career - US Ambassador to Iran (1973-1977)

James Schlesinger

- February 3, 1973-July 2, 1973

- Appointed by President Richard M. Nixon.

- Experience - University of Virginia, Economics professor; Assistant Director, Office of Management and Budget; Chairman, Atomic Energy Commission

- Later Career - Secretary of Defense (1973-1975); Secretary of Energy (1977-1979)

William Colby

- September 4, 1973-January 30, 1976

- Appointed by Nixon.

- Military Career - US Army enlisted as 2nd Lt.

- Other Experience - Office of Strategic Services (1943-1945), moved up through the ranks of the CIA; Deputy Director for Operations, CIA; attorney

George H. W. Bush

- January 30, 1976-January 20, 1977

- Appointed by President Gerald R. Ford.

- Military Career - Navy pilot

- Other Experience - Texas Congressman; United Nations Ambassador; Chairman, Republican National Committee; Chief US Liaison Office, China

- Later Career - US Vice President and President

Stansfield Turner

- March 9, 1977-January 20, 1981

- Appointed by President Jimmy Carter.

- Military Career - Admiral, US Navy; Director, Systems Analysis Division, Office of Chief of Naval Operations; President, US Naval War College; Commander, US Second Fleet; Commander in Chief, Allied Forces Southern Europe, NATO

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William Casey

- January 28, 1981-January 29, 1987

- Appointed by President Ronald Reagan.

- Military Career - Officer, US Naval Reserve

- Other Experience - attorney; Office of Strategic Services (1943-1945); Chairman, SEC; Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs; president and chairman, US Export-Import Bank; President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board; manager, Reagan presidential campaign

William Webster

- May 26, 1987-August 31, 1991

- Appointed by Reagan.

- Military Career - Lieutenant, US Navy

- Other Experience - US Attorney; Judge, US District Court and US Court of Appeals 8th Circuit; Director, FBI (1978-1987)

Robert Gates

- November 6, 1991-January 20, 1993

- Appointed by George H.W. Bush.

- Experience - Intelligence analyst, CIA; National Security Council staff; Deputy Director of CIA; Chairman, National Intelligence Council; Deputy Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs; Assistant to the President and Deputy for National Security Affairs; Secretary of Defense (2006-2011)

R. James Woolsey Jr.

- February 5, 1993-January 10, 1995

- Appointed by President Bill Clinton.

- Military Career - Captain, US Army

- Other Experience - National Security Council Staff; General Counsel, Senate Committee on Armed Services; Under Secretary of the Navy; Adviser with US Delegation to SALT I; Ambassador and US representative, negotiations on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe

John Deutch

- May 10, 1995-December 15, 1996

- Appointed by Clinton.

- Experience - Systems analyst, Defense Department; Under Secretary of Energy; Under Secretary of Defense; Deputy Secretary of Defense

- Later Career - Professor of Chemistry, MIT

George Tenet

- July 11, 1997-July 11, 2004

- Appointed by Clinton.

- Experience - Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (1982-1988); Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Intelligence Programs, National Security Council; Deputy Director of CIA

Former Directors of the Central Intelligence Agency

Porter Goss

- September 24, 2004-May 5, 2006

- Appointed by George W. Bush.

- Military Career - US Army intelligence officer

- Other Experience - clandestine service officer with the CIA; Sanibel, Florida, City Councilman, Mayor, Lee County Commission Chairman; Florida Congressman; Chairman, House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence

Michael Hayden

- May 30, 2006-February 13, 2009

- Appointed by George W. Bush.

- Military Career - General, US Air Force

Leon Panetta

- February 13, 2009-June 30, 2011

- Appointed by President Barack Obama.

- Military Career - Captain, US Army

- Other Experience - Chief of Staff; California Representative; Chairman, House Committee on the Budget; Director, Office of Management and Budget

- July 1, 2011-February 2013 - Secretary of Defense.

David Petraeus

- September 6, 2011-November 2, 2012

- Appointed by Obama.

- Military Career - Commander, US Central Command (CentCom); Commander, US forces in Afghanistan (USFOR-A) and NATO International Security Assistance Force (ISAF)

John Brennan

- March 8, 2013-January 20, 2017

- Appointed by Obama.

- Career - joins the CIA in 1980; Chief of Staff, CIA; Deputy Executive Director, CIA; Director of Terrorist Threat Integration Center, CIA; CEO, The Analysis Corporation

Mike Pompeo

- January 23, 2017-April 26, 2018

- Appointed by Trump

- Military Career - US Army (1986-1991)

- Other Experience - Thayer Aerospace, founder and CEO; Sentry International, president; US Representative from Kansas (2011-2017); Secretary of State (2018-present)

a person holding a cell phone: CIA nominee Gina Haspel is sworn in during a confirmation hearing of the Senate Intelligence Committee on Capitol Hill, Wednesday, May 9, 2018, in Washington. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon) © Alex Brandon/AP CIA nominee Gina Haspel is sworn in during a confirmation hearing of the Senate Intelligence Committee on Capitol Hill, Wednesday, May 9, 2018, in Washington. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)

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