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Politics As popularity skyrockets, ballot drop boxes face unexpected obstacles

12:40  16 october  2020
12:40  16 october  2020 Source:   abcnews.go.com

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  States in the Northeast are struggling to hire poll watchers. Here's how they are finding people Across the country, particularly in parts of the hard-hit Northeast, local boards of elections have struggled to find workers this fall to man polling sites amid the pandemic. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.getMedianetNativeAds(true); }); It has led states to expand call outs for more poll watchers, efforts that have included sending out postcards and social media alerts to encourage people to sign up to help. In New York, Gov. Andrew Cuomo said he would call up the National Guard if need be to help at the polls.

FESSLER: Drop box supporters dismiss such concerns as completely unfounded. They note that drop boxes had been used in some states for decades without problems. Kristen Clarke of the Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law told senators the boxes are an important and convenient option

It's the biggest of ballot boxes . A fine ballot box . Its still illegal; in order for it to be legal, it has to have a chain of custody; The person dropping the ballot off actually has to sign the part of the ballot authorizing someone else to return it for them.

With the nation still in the grips of the coronavirus pandemic, official ballot drop boxes have emerged as a popular option to accommodate the millions of new mail-in voters this year. But as Election Day draws near, some jurisdictions are running into unexpected obstacles.

a little girl standing next to a person: Nicole Flaherty, top, stands with her kids as her 7-year old daughter Madelyn places the ballot in the box in the Burlington County ballot box in Cinnaminson, N.J., Oct. 7, 2020. © Christina Paciolla/AP Nicole Flaherty, top, stands with her kids as her 7-year old daughter Madelyn places the ballot in the box in the Burlington County ballot box in Cinnaminson, N.J., Oct. 7, 2020.

The ability of voters to use secure drop boxes has encountered legal challenges in Texas and Ohio over the number of sites allowed. Election officials in Wisconsin faced two-week delays before receiving their drop boxes due to high demand, an issue one supplier said caused "panicking" in other states experiencing similar issues. And in California, Republican officials received a cease-and-desist order over their distribution of deceitful unofficial drop boxes to collect ballots.

California orders state GOP to remove unauthorized ballot drop boxes

  California orders state GOP to remove unauthorized ballot drop boxes Top officials in California have ordered the state GOP to immediately remove unauthorized ballot drop boxes party officials propped up at multiple locations. "Misleading voters is wrong, regardless of who's doing it," California Secretary of State Alex Padilla announced in a Monday evening news conference. "Political parties and campaigns can engage and get up to vote efforts, but they cannot violate state law.

These unauthorized drop boxes are a disservice to elections administrators and a disservice to voters who deserve to cast their ballots with clarity and Most people mail them in prepaid envelopes provided by their county election offices. But others place them in official ballot drop boxes spread

Limiting drop boxes raises risk of virus infection, judge says. Greg Abbott Photographer: Alex Wong/Getty Images. The judge said limiting the number of drop boxes “would likely needlessly and unreasonably increase risks of exposure to Covid-19 infections, and needlessly and unreasonably

These challenges shouldn't keep people from voting -- ballot drop boxes are just one of many secure drop-off options for voters who are looking to deliver their ballots to officials directly without using the mail -- and drop boxes have gained popularity as USPS has come under scrutiny. As for other options, voters in most states can also drop off their ballots at their local election offices, at voting locations, or have someone else drop off their ballot for them -- though the laws are different in every state.

However, with nearly 35 states across the country using or planning to use drop boxes this year, "the use of ballot drop boxes during the 2020 general election will likely be larger than any election in American history," according to a report by the Stanford-MIT run Healthy Elections Project.

California's GOP says it might put out more legally dubious ballot drop boxes, despite receiving a cease-and-desist order

  California's GOP says it might put out more legally dubious ballot drop boxes, despite receiving a cease-and-desist order The Californian GOP is considering more unofficial ballot boxes despite election officials stating that they are not allowed under state law: APParty spokesperson Hector Barajas said on Tuesday that the party had put its own boxes out in the districts with the tightest races and now was considering expanding their use, according to the AP.

President Donald Trump has waged war on mail-in voting over the past few months by spreading entirely unfounded claims to instill the idea that voting by mail is rife with fraud. Now he has a new target.

"Unofficial, unauthorised drop boxes are not permitted in the state of California," said Padilla, whose office oversees election regulations and California Republican Party spokesperson Hector Barajas acknowledged the party had established an unspecified number of its own ballot drop -off boxes

(MORE: Here’s what to know about mail-in voting for November)

At least 10 states have expanded drop box access in 2020, the report said, either by placing more physical boxes in communities or by opening satellite election offices where voters can drop their ballots. Michigan alone has opened dozens of new sites for voters to return ballots.

Experts and election officials praise the boxes as a safe and secure alternative to mailing ballots.

"Particularly during the pandemic, it’s crucial to have enough drop-boxes available to serve voters who are casting their ballots by mail," said Edgardo Cortés, the former commissioner of elections in Virginia and an election security advisor at the Brennan Center for Justice. "It gives voters the option to drop their ballots off at their convenience in a secure manner, providing an additional level of comfort that their vote got there in time and will be counted."

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  California Dems and GOP Battle Over Unofficial Ballot Boxes as 1.5 Million Votes Already Cast Across State Questions have been raised over Republicans in the state setting up receptacles to collect mail-in ballots, which they would then drop off to county officials.More than 1 million mail-in ballots have already been returned, which is the most to have been collected at this point in any state election, according to a report in The Los Angeles Times.

Ultimately, ballot drop box accessibility depends on your state's Board of Elections and Secretary of Were ballot drop boxes around before COVID-19? Yes. States like Washington and Colorado She paired the shoes with a jewel tone purple dress and a black blazer, as well as a matching face mask.

Such boxes have been used with success for several years in states like Oregon, Washington and Colorado that rely largely or entirely on ballots State or local authorities in places such as Arizona, Wisconsin and Pennsylvania are pressing for more boxes or drop -off sites that would enable ballots

In Texas and Ohio, litigation

In Ohio and Texas, a fierce legal battle has erupted over the number of drop locations that will be permitted in the states. While some Democrats and county officials have attempted to bump up the number of locations in order to increase voter access, officials there have pushed back.

Texas Gov. Greg Abbott and Ohio Secretary of State Frank LaRose, both Republicans, each maintain that no more than one drop location should be allowed per county-- a move that Democrats in Texas warned would force some voters to travel more than an hour across some of the state's most sprawling counties in order to reach the locations. The government-run Cyber Security and Infrastructure Agency (CISA) recommends one box for every 15,000-20,000 residents, and Harris County, which includes Houston, has just one location for over 4 million residents.

This week, a federal appeals court cleared the way for a controversial order from Abbott to go into effect, limiting the number of drop locations in the population-rich state to just 254, less than the 282 drop locations available in Maryland, which has just one fifth of the population. The three appeals court judges, each appointed by President Trump, argued that Abbott’s order did nothing to limit the ability of citizens to vote, noting people still had the option of mailing their ballots in.

California officials and Republican Party clash over future of unauthorized ballot drop boxes

  California officials and Republican Party clash over future of unauthorized ballot drop boxes California officials and the state's Republican Party clashed on Friday over the future of unauthorized ballot drop boxes installed by the GOP, with Democratic Attorney General Xavier Becerra saying that he was issuing subpoenas as part of an ongoing investigation. © Megan Jelinger/AFP/Getty Images A voter drops off an absentee ballot on March 17, 2020 in Dayton, Ohio after Ohio Primaries were canceled. - Ohio health officials ordered the state's polling stations closed for Tuesday's Democratic primary, as the governor defied a court ruling and declared a health emergency over coronavirus.

Texas restrictions allowing only a single drop - box for mail-in ballots in each county were reinstated by a federal appeals court that said the governor’s Governor Abbott limited drop boxes over alleged fraud concerns. A worker puts a ballot into a lock box at a drive-thru mail ballot hand delivery center

Some see drop boxes as a safer and more reliable way to cast ballots than the mail. For instance, Michigan elections officials urged absentee voters to use drop boxes rather than the Postal Service after mail delivery backlogs led some to receive their ballot as late as one day before Tuesday’s

a group of people standing in a parking lot: Workers drop voters ballots into a secure box at a ballot drop off location on Oct. 13, 2020, in Austin, Texas. © Sergio Flores/Getty Images Workers drop voters ballots into a secure box at a ballot drop off location on Oct. 13, 2020, in Austin, Texas.

In separate but parallel case, however, a state court on Thursday rejected the governor's order to limit locations, which, if upheld, could potentially allow more drop locations to open in spite of the federal ruling. The Texas attorney general has already appealed the ruling.

Some voters, though, prefer to cast their ballots via drop boxes instead of mailing them back, according to the Elections Exchange Commission, because of concerns about meeting postmark deadlines and mistrust in the postal process. Nearly 1 in 6 of all voters cast their ballots using drop boxes in 2016, according to NPR, and this number is expected to rise this year.

"This campaign against drop boxes is part of a broader campaign that both the Trump campaign and the RNC have waged in litigation against the use of absentee ballot drop boxes," said Wendy Weiser, the Vice President for Democracy at the Brennan Center, noting litigation over drop boxes has also been filed in Pennsylvania, Iowa, and New Hampshire.

(MORE: Voting lawsuits pile up across US as election approaches)

A federal appeals court in Ohio, where early voting began last week, also sided with the state this week. The court there reinstated Secretary of State Frank LaRose's rule limiting each of Ohio's 88 counties to a single ballot drop box each, or one for every 133,000 residents, while it reviews the matter. LaRose had previously argued that he was constrained by state law from allowing multiple drop boxes per county.

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Some shortages

Some states looking to increase the number of drop box locations have run into another issue, though: backorders and shortages for the metal boxes that have been in increasingly high demand.

Madison, one of the biggest cities in the swing state Wisconsin, began mailing out absentee ballots in September and had planned for their drop boxes to be ready in October, the city clerk there told ABC News, but none of the 14 boxes they ordered had arrived until this week.

"We are getting a lot of calls from voters who are just waiting for a drop box to be available, because that's their preferred method for returning an absentee," Maribeth Witzel-Behl, the Madison city clerk told ABC News.

And even if drop boxes are preferred, Wisconsin Elections Commission administrator Meagan Wolfe explained that there are still plenty of other in-person drop-off opportunities, like bringing it to local election officials.

"Historically, bringing a ballot into the city clerk's office has been the drop-off opportunity," Wolfe said, adding that communities have also gotten creative by using libraries or other public locations to offer up more drop-off locations.

a person standing next to a sign: Voters cast their ballots for the 2020 US Elections at an offical ballot drop box on a sidewalk in Los Angeles, Oct. 12, 2020. © Frederic J. Brown/AFP via Getty Images Voters cast their ballots for the 2020 US Elections at an offical ballot drop box on a sidewalk in Los Angeles, Oct. 12, 2020.

A sales executive at a large drop box manufacturing and supply company told ABC News the company said it had a nearly two-month long backlog after receiving "thousands" of orders for the primary and general election.

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"Because there was a shortage, I think people in certain times were scrambling," said Samantha McMahon, from American Security Cabinets. "People were kind of panicking and needing them."

In the past two weeks, though, the company has managed to bring its turnaround time back down to five days from two months after hiring more staff and ramping up production. The company says it is now "pretty caught up" and is still accepting more orders, she said.

Joel Hondorp, the city clerk in Grand Rapids, Michigan, said officials there did not encounter drop box shortages because they made their own, but said there were shortages of other election supplies, such as ballot collection bags. He likened it to trying to find toilet paper in March.

“If clerks are thinking of last-minute shopping, they might be out of luck," he said. "There’s only so many suppliers.”

Security concerns

Some of the skepticism surrounding drop boxes is the concern that they open the potential for fraud, though evidence to support this idea is scarce. The Stanford-MIT report found that droboxes "are extremely safe against misuse" when coupled with common sense monitoring practices, such as video monitoring.

"Ballot drop boxes generally weigh over 600 pounds and are built to be more secure than the typical USPS mailbox," the Stanford-MIT report said. "The tamper-proof mechanisms vary by manufacturer, but they often include special locks to prevent opening, as well as tamper evident seals and one-way entrance slots."

In Colorado, which has used a majority vote-by-mail system for years and sees 75% of ballots returned by drop boxes, few issues have arisen, according to Secretary of State Jena Griswold, a Democrat.

"They're safe, they're secure, and Coloradans love them," Griswold told ABC News, noting that the boxes are kept up 24-hour video surveillance and are bolted to the ground. "Colorado is proof of how well drop boxes work and how secure they are."

Voting 2020 live updates: President Trump expected to cast Florida ballot; Delaware voters won't be forced to wear masks

  Voting 2020 live updates: President Trump expected to cast Florida ballot; Delaware voters won't be forced to wear masks President Trump expected to vote in West Palm Beach. Delaware voters don't have to wear masks. Advice on how to vote. Latest news from across the U.S.That's a lot of voters. A perhaps record number are expected to cast ballots this weekend, either by mail or at early in-person voting sites across the country. (Need help registering to vote? Check our guide.

text: This photo from video provided by ABC7 Los Angeles shows an unofficial ballot drop box at Grace Baptist Church in Santa Clarita, Calif., in October, 2020. California's ballot harvesting law is creating controversy this election year. © ABC7 Los Angeles via AP This photo from video provided by ABC7 Los Angeles shows an unofficial ballot drop box at Grace Baptist Church in Santa Clarita, Calif., in October, 2020. California's ballot harvesting law is creating controversy this election year.

In California, however, a different type of drop box issue is underway. While trying to stifle availability across the country, the Republican Party there this week admitted to putting out more than 50 unofficial drop boxes that were misleadingly labeled as 'official' to collect ballots, according to the New York Times, prompting a cease-and-desist letter from state officials.

Hector Barajas, a spokesman for the California Republican Party, said the party would continue to distribute the boxes and that they were not illegal, according to the Times report.

In August, Trump slammed what he labeled as Democrat efforts to use drop boxes, falsely claiming without substantiation in a tweet that they were "a voter security disaster" and a "big fraud." Twitter placed a notice on the tweet for violating the site's “Civic Integrity Policy,” which the company says “could potentially dissuade people from participation in voting.”

(MORE: Despite Trump's claims, officials in vote-by-mail states insist process can be secure)

Matthew Weil, the director of the Bipartisan Policy Center's Elections Project, said the boxes are secure. "We don't have cameras on every single blue mailbox in this country, and yet we've been comfortable with voting by mail since the Civil War," Weil said.

Hans von Spakovsky, the manager of the conservative Heritage Foundation's Election Law Reform Initiative, told ABC News the problem arises when the boxes are unsupervised-- a move he says is "asking for potential trouble."

"The bottom line is that if election officials are going to set up drop boxes so people can drop off their absentee ballots, they need to have the same kind of security in place with ballot boxes [that there is] in polling places on Election Day," von Spakovsky said.

Voting 2020 live updates: President Trump expected to cast Florida ballot; Delaware voters won't be forced to wear masks .
President Trump expected to vote in West Palm Beach. Delaware voters don't have to wear masks. Advice on how to vote. Latest news from across the U.S.That's a lot of voters. A perhaps record number are expected to cast ballots this weekend, either by mail or at early in-person voting sites across the country. (Need help registering to vote? Check our guide.

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