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Politics America must build its technology industries to win against China and Russia

16:50  18 october  2020
16:50  18 october  2020 Source:   thehill.com

China’s Growth Story Isn’t What It Seems: Diana Choyleva

  China’s Growth Story Isn’t What It Seems: Diana Choyleva The tailwinds that powered the nation’s economic rise are turning into headwinds, and Xi Jinping risks undermining the key drivers of success.President Xi Jinping isn’t the only one to look at China’s achievement and conclude that centralized state control is a more reliable route to economic growth than messy and unpredictable market democracy. But don’t be fooled. China’s success in the past decades has come despite top-down meddling, not because of it. Now more than ever, the CCP needs to loosen its grip if it wants to keep China’s development on an upward path.

American companies are watching warily as the United States considers restricting export licenses for companies that sell products or share intellectual property with China , including General Electric, which sells aircraft parts to China as part of a joint venture with Safran, a French firm.

All Americans should be concerned about the potential for China to replace the United States as The United States and China are economically intertwined in a way that America and the Soviet Using our methods to win :Trade deal or not, America must counter China moves to beat us at

Within every crisis is an opportunity. At the other end of this global pandemic awaits a new world of economic winners. Russia is already evoking Cold War memories by calling its test coronavirus vaccine "Sputnik V." China is no different in the race for a vaccine, portraying itself as a global citizen and using that as a bargaining chip against U.S. global leadership.

a large crowd at night: America must build its technology industries to win against China and Russia © The Hill America must build its technology industries to win against China and Russia

This highlights the need for America to have a long-term high-technology vision, policy and set of goals in order to make strategic investments that correlate to our way of life, economic well-being, and democratic norms and values to shape not just the next decade but the decades to follow. The United States can either prepare and posture to shape a future with American strategic leadership, or resign itself to follower status. In many possible future scenarios, follower status may mean subservience to authoritarian-led economic systems.

EXCLUSIVE: Intelligence chief briefed lawmakers of foreign influence threats to Congress

  EXCLUSIVE: Intelligence chief briefed lawmakers of foreign influence threats to Congress The nation's top intelligence official briefed lawmakers last month that foreign influence campaigns targeting Congress were more expansive than previously known, but a lack of specifics has left some with questions, multiple sources tell The Hill.Director of National Intelligence (DNI) John Ratcliffe led intelligence officials in separately briefing the House and Senate Intelligence panels behind closed doors on the threats, informing lawmakers that the burgeoning foreign influence threat is being perpetrated by the usual suspects: China, Russia and Iran, though he indicated that Beijing was the primary aggressor.

America can still fight and win two major wars at the same time, or at least come near enough to winning that neither Russia nor China would see Moreover, Russia and China conveniently pose very different military problems, allowing the United States to allocate some of its assets to one, and

Russia won ’t join any coalitions against China , or other countries, and it regards American demands to force Beijing Russia ’s priority in a broader arms treaty would be to get the UK and France involved as well, since they “not only possess nuclear arsenals comparable to that of China , but are also US

The U.S. has seized on such strategic opportunities in the past. At the beginning of World War II, America was still recovering from the Great Depression and possessed the 12th largest army in the world. The government turned to America's manufacturing sector to help repair the economy and prepare America's industrial base. This investment and strategic posture produced innovative developments in scientific technologies that ushered in advances in radio, ships, railroads, airplanes, nuclear power, solar power, space flight and, eventually, the internet.

Throughout the Cold War, the U.S. depended on Industrial Age policies and mechanisms to support our national defense and maintain an industrial base capable of providing carriers, submarines, bombers, fighters, tanks, ballistic missiles, satellites and other technologies. The Cold War ended in the peace dividends of the 1990s.We failed to prepare for how potential adversaries planned to challenge widely accepted norms, values and laws across the world's land, air, sea, cyber and space domains.

China is the world's biggest shipbuilder, and its ability to rapidly produce new warships would be a 'huge advantage' in a long fight with the US, experts say

  China is the world's biggest shipbuilder, and its ability to rapidly produce new warships would be a 'huge advantage' in a long fight with the US, experts say China could build up its fleet or rapidly replace losses in a conflict, much as the US was able to do during World War II to defeat the Axis powers."China has already achieved parity with — or even exceeded — the United States in several military modernization areas," the Pentagon reported recently, identifying shipbuilding as one area where China has an advantage.

Chinese tech firms have traditionally been reliant on American suppliers for semiconductors, modems and jet engines. But recent developments in the trade war China will win the trade war with the U.S., and eventually wean itself off its reliance on American technology , a strategist told CNBC on Monday.

" China is expanding its influence efforts to shape the policy environment in the United States, pressure political Backing up the allegations made by US intelligence, computing giant Microsoft said hackers with ties to to Russia , China and Iran, are attempting to spy on key figures involved in the US election.

During the past decade, China and Russia have acted violently or indiscriminately across these domains by integrating ideological, political, economic, military and technological tools. In part, they are energized by the belief that the U.S. may be overwhelmed with domestic issues and is a spent power in decline.

America's "Arsenal of Democracy" has declined in part because, for 20 years, the U.S. has focused on countering terrorism, a real but not existential threat, and neglected investments necessary for great power competition. These investments impact our way of life because we are dependent on technology such as cyber, space, electronic warfare, artificial intelligence, machine learning and other emergent technologies - all part of the incipient Digital Age.

The investments needed for great power competition have now surpassed our expenditures on counterterrorism and are starting to resemble Cold War-era figures. However, our economy is severely constricted because of the COVID-19 pandemic. To address these emerging challenges, we must develop innovative ways of thinking and new ways of action while remaining true to our national ethos and role as a strategic power.

China's Arctic ambitions have revived US interest in the region

  China's Arctic ambitions have revived US interest in the region As part of its global Belt and Road Initiative, China is investing in the Arctic — setting up research stations, investing in mining and energy, and working with Russia to create a new sea route through the Arctic Ocean. It's also stoked concerns from the US.The harbor of Nuuk, Greenland's capital.

Russia / China would never push the Western aligned important countries “to this point” for it would And then, Russia and China being basically almost a coherent territorial block (which would need a It is important to note that while China has a major domestic industry that could be mobilized in times

And both China and Russia are being subjected to major economic pressure from the United States. China - Russia ties set an example “beyond compare” while “chaos and disorder” reigned Both see themselves as locked in a contest against the West with its messy democracy and its

To do things differently, and to retain U.S. global leadership, we must rebalance from 20th century to 21st century capabilities. The U.S. must build the most advantageous industrial structure with policies that promote our technology industries and broaden our markets. The U.S. must return to publicly financing and providing venture capital investments for basic research, and science and technology innovation.

Our global competitors operate under economic policies and practices that disadvantage American companies. The U.S. market-driven system does not benefit from "free markets" that can be manipulated through the funding schemas and financing that state-controlled systems employ. We already have lost our overall economic advantage, and America's scientific and technological competitive advantage will be lost in less than a decade to nations that make the necessary investments.

We are decades beyond the simpler days of the Sputnik-era but our public investments in research and development are dismally close to the pre-Sputnik days of more than a half-century ago. America's private sector cannot make up this difference. Our global competitors are filling that gap by heavily funding innovation research that contributes to their national security and military purposes.

Saudi Arabia failed to win a seat on the UN Human Rights Council, while China and Russia were voted in with ease

  Saudi Arabia failed to win a seat on the UN Human Rights Council, while China and Russia were voted in with ease China and Russia were elected to the council in a secret ballot on Tuesday. Saudi Arabia did not receive enough votes to join.On Tuesday, 15 countries were elected to the 47-member council in a secret ballot held by the UN's General Assembly in Geneva, Switzerland, Reuters reported.

Russia took early action to blunt Covid in the front end, so now has the luxury of helping those countries who have been diplomatically civil to Russia while the EU has it under sanction for the pretend violation of “taking over” Crimea with its vastly Russian population when Ukrainian MPs were

Though on surface China might outnumber Russia , but Russia has a much more advanced and robust Russia have huge advantage in a Nuclear War since its missiles are much closer to Chinese major Forge your way through the ages. Your empire awaits in the award- winning strategy game.

With our competitive advantage eroded, we no longer may be capable of deterring other nations from taking actions that will hurt our interests or those of our allies - who may be pressured by undemocratic powers. Inaction also could increase our margin of error in assessing our adversaries' intentions and capabilities, resulting in higher risk trade-offs should conflict occur. We must change the way we invest in and employ cutting-edge technologies.

Ironically, as mentioned, the United States dominated the Industrial Age precisely because it embraced policies to stimulate economic growth and global competitiveness, especially for critical and emerging industries. America must now rebalance from 20th century to 21st century capabilities by creating the most advantageous industrial structure and policies. Congress and the executive branch secure our future by prioritizing to:

  • Return to previous levels of public financing for science and technology and R&D innovation;
  • Reform government procurement and planning to send predictable signals to companies;
  • Leverage national instruments of power to broaden American commercial activities across the wide spectrum of the domestic market and international ventures;
  • Bolster existing equities exchanges and utilize the bond market;
  • Address single-nation technology dependency by diversifying to include allies and key partners, and limit foreign dependencies on critical components;
  • Recapture control of the industry value chain and shorten the supply chain; and
  • Offset the drop in acquired foreign talent by investing in America's human capital.

America can either evolve to the realities of a new age or waste this decade's opportunities for strategic leadership in the 21st century. We need a vision and strategy to forge a path to exit great power competition on the top. We must prioritize investing in exponential technologies, instead of focusing on incremental Industrial Age ones with long lead-times that permit our competitors to catch up. The competition may even be over by the time we reap the investment return on the incremental technologies.

The United States must be the fastest so we can set the pace and conditions for others to follow, abide and benefit. Our example and leadership must be so profound that great powers and other nations will have no choice but to follow and replicate our success. In doing so, America's strength would project U.S. leadership in technological innovation, a vibrant market economy and, most importantly, democratic norms and values.

Dr. Mir Sadat has more than 25 years of experience in private industry, the U.S. Navy, the Department of Defense and the National Security Council, where he most recently was policy director leading interagency coordination on defense and space policy issues. The views expressed here are his alone. Follow him on Twitter @Dr_Sadat_USN.

Whether Trump or Biden wins in November, Beijing will be hoping to reset the US-China relationship .
Whenever there is a change of power in Washington, it is traditional for the outgoing president to write his successor a note, offering advice and a welcome of sorts to the small fraternity of United States leaders. © Provided by CNN George W. Bush warned Barack Obama that "the critics will rage (and) your 'friends' will disappoint you," while Obama urged current US President Donald Trump to "sustain the international order that's expanded steadily since the end of the Cold War.

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