Politics 10 steps toward better presidential debating

02:25  20 october  2020
02:25  20 october  2020 Source:   thehill.com

Second presidential debate between Joe Biden and Donald Trump canceled

  Second presidential debate between Joe Biden and Donald Trump canceled Both campaigns have agreed to appear at the third and final presidential debate, a podium format set for Nashville on Oct. 22, the source said.The bipartisan commission, under intense criticism from the Trump campaign, announced the decision in a statement late Friday, saying the campaigns of both Trump and Democratic nominee Joe Biden "each now has announced alternate plans" for Oct. 15, the date of the debate.

When are the presidential debates ? All the debates will start at 9:00 p.m. ET and will run for 90 minutes without any commercial breaks. As for the second presidential debate , the format will be more of a town hall meeting, and questions will come from the citizens of the location.

The first Presidential Debate live stream is over and we're now listing the video replays so you can watch the highlights. Well , you could say it was fiery between incumbent US President Donald Trump and former Vice President Joe Biden. Below are both the Presidential Debate full video

Presidential debates exist as a televised tradition since 1960 in the United States, but the Commission on Presidential debates (CPD) presented this year is horribly flawed and must be re-imagined. Moderators have evolved to be the center of attention rather than the candidates - who seize on the opportunity to deliver propaganda rather than defend the policy. Our drift to "town hall" formats is an unfulfilling and unrevealing substitute for true debate.

a man wearing a suit and tie: 10 steps toward better presidential debating © Getty Images 10 steps toward better presidential debating

The debate scheduled for Thursday, Oct. 22, is likely to be the final presidential debate of the 2020 election season - this despite talk of a possible make-up debate for the missed Oct. 15 debate.

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Presidential debates are a great way to see some of the candidates’ “unscripted” body language gestures and nuances. Of course, some of the answers are likely scripted and practiced ahead of time, but these debates give us a much better idea of natural gestures than scripted stump speeches.

President Donald Trump and his challenger Joe Biden have fiercely clashed in one of the most chaotic and bitter White House debates in years. In a debate that was the political equivalent of a food fight, the winner is the man who emerged least covered in slop. On Tuesday night, that man was Joe Biden

Since the CPD took over the League of Women Voters' debates in 1987, viewership averages over 60 million. By comparison, the Super Bowl gets 100 million, political conventions get 10-20 million, popular TV shows get 5 million, and even vice-presidential debates like the one between Sarah Palin and Joe Biden in 2008 can attract more than 70 million.

The most viewed presidential debate in history is the 2016 first debate between Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton, with more than 80 million viewers. No other persuasive communication impacts these many people in the typical 90-minute format. They represent an important opportunity for the campaigns and the public to understand the positions candidates have on issues. Nonetheless, the CPD has reached an impasse in its capacity to conduct these debates.

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The first general election debate between President Donald Trump and former Vice President Joe The secret to winning the first Trump-Biden debate . Watch the key moments from the first presidential debate . 'Sh*tshow': See Tapper and Bash's blunt reaction to debate . Moderator tries to step in: I

Second Presidential Debate October 22, 2020. Past Presidential Debates . 10 :12PM EDT. What Steps Would You Take If President Trump Refuses A Peaceful Transition Of Power?

Moderator problems are at the forefront of CDC shortcomings. From initial incidents such as Bernard Shaw asking about the possible murder of Michael Dukakis' wife Kitty in 1988 to Candy Crowley's intervention in the debate between Obama and Romney in 2012, moderators have skewed the basic expectations of a debate. The debate should ideally provide: 1) a previously known topic, 2) two opposing sides, 3) equal time for each side to present, and 4) a mechanism for decision.

Chris Wallace, who moderated the first 2020 presidential debate, said a key to debate success is moderator "invisibility." Moderators are not only visible, but they occupy an increasingly disruptive function within the debate process that continues to emphasize that these events are not actually debates but iterative press conferences led by a journalist looking for ratings.

The rules for debates since 1987 consistently suggest limits for the candidates but fewer limits for moderators. This led to a trend of moderators occupying larger and more disruptive roles. In 2016, Chris Wallace occupied 19 percent of the debate content in his final debate moderator role. The first two moderators took less than 10 percent of the debate. In the first debate of 2020, Wallace took 25 percent of the time - equating to about 20 minutes of the 90-minute debate. Apologists maintain the disruptive nature of candidate interruptions - especially by president Trump - justify this larger occupation. Future reforms could reduce this problem and restore the credibility of an important public venue for learning the differences between candidates.

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In a debate that was the political equivalent of a food fight, the winner was the man who emerged least covered in slop. Trump needed this debate to shake up a race that is tilting against him - and which has been remarkably stable, through economic, health and social adversity.

“When we heard about Trump being Covid-19 positive, we got worried for his health, but seems he is getting better ,” an unnamed senior leader told the news outlet. “Trump might be ridiculous for the rest of the world, but he is sane and wise man for the Taliban,” another anonymous senior member said.

Here I suggest reforms that must be implemented if we are ever to fulfill the purpose of these debates:

1. Require a trifecta of debate professionals and the two major campaigns to negotiate the terms of the debate. Remove the journalists as a monopoly on the forum. Debates could take different formats and cover topics strictly approved by both campaigns.

2. Compel moderators to exert minimal and relatively invisible roles in the debate, such as starting and stopping the clock or announcing the topic area.

3. Provide more generous opening statements by the candidates. Debates typically feature opening speeches known as constructive. These four to eight-minute speeches will allow candidates to build their position in the debate.

4. Allow candidates to cross-examine one another. Candidates want to challenge the opposing candidate directly rather than through an intermediary. Such cross-examination periods could last three minutes apiece.

5. Abolish the "town hall" as an official form of debate. This format is founded upon an illusion that regular citizens - sometimes falsely designated as "undecided" - are allowed to ask questions of their own choosing. On the contrary, the media members are chosen by the media, and the journalist-moderator reviews their questions in advance. In a "town hall" hosted by NBC this past week, the moderator asked more questions in the first 20 minutes than all of the citizens in the next 40 minutes. The president was in fact debating the moderator.

Fact check: Viral video of Joe Biden on running for Senate is missing context

  Fact check: Viral video of Joe Biden on running for Senate is missing context A viral Facebook video claiming Joe Biden said he was running for Senate has been altered and leaves out key words. We rate it missing context.A viral 12-second clip on Facebook is now being used to claim that the former vice president got confused about which office he was seeking in the 2020 election.

More: Presidential debate live: 'Our suburbs would be gone': Trump, Biden tussle over suburban America. ‘I’m not elected for three years, I’m elected for As the first item in the debate , Wallace asked each candidate to explain his stance on when the seat vacated after the death of Supreme Court

The presidential and vice- presidential debates are designed to show voters the platforms of each candidate and give each side a chance to argue that their platform will be better for the country. The debate will be at Kingsbury Hall on President 's Circle at the university Wednesday, October 7, 2020.

6. Stop choosing moderators with evident partisan affiliations. The incident with Steve Scully and his false suggestion that his twitter account was hacked when he reached out to a strident opponent of President Trump, was an avoidable debacle since Scully was known to have been an intern with Joe Biden.

7. Encourage creative debate formats. In college and high school debate, team debate is popular. It would be possible to create a forum where the vice president works in tandem with the presidential candidate in the debate. Such interactions would be highly informative.

8. Debate "tournament formats" to inform the public about large fields of primary candidates. Democrats and Republicans have recently created fields of more than a dozen nominees. In college debate, such entries are handled with a tournament process guided by preliminary head to head rounds that are scored and then divided into elimination rounds based on those debates. Candidates would debate one on one versus a variety of individuals.

9. Re-center the presidential debate process within the National Archives and Records Administration. The United States under this legislation maintains more than a dozen presidential libraries with elegant facilities. They represent ideal forums for hosting Presidential debate events and connecting history to the future of the Presidency. The Reagan library successfully hosted a 2016 Republican primary debate.

10. Create a truly bipartisan advisory group for presidential debates. Former presidential candidate Bob Dole rightly observed that all of the Republicans currently serving on the CPD oppose President Trump. Republicans have rightly complained for more than a decade that the process disfavors their candidates. The public deserves a credible process.

Ben Voth is an associate professor and director of debate and speech in the Dedman College of Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas. He has three academic books on the power of debate to improve the human condition, and his fourth with Lexington books - "Debate as Global Pedagogy: Rwanda Rising" - comes out soon.

Majority of voters say Biden won second debate, poll finds .
Sixty-five percent of voters said the candidates were mostly respectful of each other's time, as opposed to 10% who said that after the first debate.Fifty-four percent of voters who watched the Thursday debate said Biden performed the best, while 39% said that Trump did. Eight percent of voters who watched weren’t sure or had no opinion on who did best.

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