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Politics Opinion: Republicans were against the Electoral College before they were for it

02:15  27 october  2020
02:15  27 october  2020 Source:   cnn.com

The Electoral College, explained

  The Electoral College, explained The bizarre, patchwork, Frankenstein’s monster of a system Americans use to choose their president.But he still has a somewhat better shot of winning anyway, the same way he did last time: through the magic of the Electoral College.

The truth is less noble. The Electoral College was actually a workaround meant to satisfy a divided Constitutional Convention at the cost of actual In 1800, Jefferson ran again against Adams with Aaron Burr as his running mate. Their party, the Democratic- Republicans , won a majority of voters (a

The Electoral College creates the possibility of a 269-269 tie vote, and in almost every recent election there has been a relatively credible scenario for Which is why you need to come back here tomorrow for the installment on what the Framers thought they were doing when they came up with the

With the 2020 election quickly approaching, the Electoral College has emerged as a favorite target of some Democrats who would like to see it abolished in favor of a national popular vote. This is unsurprising, given that the party has endured in recent years a process that yielded two Republican presidents in the past five elections who failed to win the popular vote -- President George W. Bush in 2000 and President Donald Trump in 2016.

logo, icon: electoral college explainer animation orig_00002708.jpg © Provided by CNN electoral college explainer animation orig_00002708.jpg

Despite Joe Biden's consistent lead in national polls, some Democrats continue to be uneasy that Trump could repeat his win in the Electoral College while again losing the popular vote. Indeed, some election forecasters, including CNN's Harry Enten, have estimated that Donald Trump could lose the national popular vote by more than 5 million votes and still win the election in the Electoral College.

The Electoral College: How presidents are elected

  The Electoral College: How presidents are elected On Nov. 3, the popular vote will directly decide the winners of races up and down the ballot, except for one. © Darron Cummings/AP, FILE Indiana representatives to the Electoral College sign paperwork to officially cast votes for President-elect Donald Trump at the Statehouse in Indianapolis, Dec. 19, 2016. While voters elect members of Congress, occupants of governor's mansions, state legislators, mayors and other local officers, the nation's highest office is determined by the Electoral College -- an obscure and controversial feature of America's electoral system established by the Constitution.

The Electoral College was created for two reasons. The first purpose was to create a buffer between the population and the selection of a President. They thought that with the Electoral College no one would be able to manipulate the citizenry. It would act as a check on an electorate that might be duped.

So what are the advantages? The electoral college system is respected for its historical roots and because it does Only nine electoral votes have been cast against the state's instructions by so-called The electors are chosen by the parties before the election , often in a vote at a convention.

It is no wonder then, that during the primaries many Democrats took aim at the institution, with Biden being a notable exception.

While energy to change the Electoral College is fueled by Democrats today, not too long ago it was Republicans who took issue with it. Ironically, on Election Day 2012, Donald Trump famously tweeted that "the electoral college is a disaster for a democracy" and "this election is a total sham and a travesty. We are not a democracy!"

He then tweeted a call to action: "Lets fight like hell and stop this great and disgusting injustice! The world is laughing at us."

Since his election in 2016, Trump has sent mixed messages, both praising the Electoral College and claiming that he would prefer a national popular vote over the current system. The Wall Street Journal reported that he discussed possibly abolishing the Electoral College in a meeting with congressional leaders shortly after taking office only to be dissuaded from pursuing it by Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell.

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US Republican leaders say there will be an "orderly" transfer of power should Donald Trump lose November's election . But Republican Senate leader Mitch McConnell said there would be a peaceful handover in January as there had been every four years since 1792.

The Republicans are the conservative political party in the US and their candidate in this year’s election However, lots of states have passed laws requiring voters to show identification documents to prove who they are before they can vote. Congress is the part of the US government that writes and passes laws. It 's made up of two chambers US election 2020: What is the electoral college ?

It turns out that he is not the only prominent Republican to call for a national popular vote. Presidents Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, and George H.W. Bush indicated support to abolish the Electoral College in favor of a national popular vote -- the latter two voting for an amendment to do so when they were members of the House of Representatives in 1969.

In 2014, former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich also called for a national popular vote. And just a year ago, former chair of the Republican National Committee Michael Steele and Saul Anuzis, the former chair of the Michigan Republican Party, made the case that Republicans should ditch the Electoral College in favor of a direct popular vote.

After a second convincing Electoral College victory by President Barack Obama in 2012, some were convinced the Electoral College needed to go if Republicans were to be competitive in presidential campaigns.

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I have been against the Electoral College for a long time, and I am one of those people in the mud conversing with my friends and family about what Meaning, the populace vote for representatives that then make decisions on their behalf. In fact, I think it is a good idea that every decision isn't made by

" The Electoral College system was created by the founding fathers for the new Republic not as a This was especially true given the expectation – before the two-party system arose to winnow the "This does not mean they were created as free agents authorized to ignore or invalidate the choice of

Conservative columnist Myra Adams pointedly asked in a headline: "Can a Republican Win 270 Electoral Votes in 2016...or Ever?" Other notable headlines and news articles after the 2012 election included these doozies: "Do Democrats have a permanent Electoral College advantage?," "Why Ditching the Electoral College Would Benefit the GOP," and "Republicans Want to Reform the Electoral College to Help Themselves."

Stopping short of abolishing the Electoral College, a number of Republicans considered efforts to change how electoral votes were awarded in several key states.

Just months after the 2012 presidential election, Republican lawmakers in Florida, Virginia, Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, Michigan and Ohio considered whether they should move away from the winner-take-all method of awarding their electoral votes to the district method of awarding their electoral votes, similar to the approach used in Maine and Nebraska.

The overarching rationale was that adopting the district method would guarantee the party Electoral College votes in a number of Republican-leaning congressional districts that they would not be able to rely on if they continued to use the winner-take-all system. Former Republican National Committee Chairman and later Trump chief of staff Reince Priebus endorsed the idea shortly after the 2012 election. Although these efforts were ultimately unsuccessful, they illustrate that laws pertaining to the Electoral College are not necessarily held as sacrosanct by many in the GOP.

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Ultimately, the electoral college vote was decided to be 185 to 184 in Hayes’ favor, with Tilden winning 254,000 more popular votes. Public attention was drawn to the practice after an Indiana newspaper published a letter, apparently written by a Republican National Committee official, which

Step 3: The Electoral College . When people cast their vote, they are actually voting for a group of people called electors . Summer of the year before an election through spring of the election year – Primary and caucus Caucus: a statewide meeting held by members of a political party to choose a

Because the Electoral College has often been a lightning rod, it is hard to believe, but there was a time that voters from both parties were in widespread support for a national popular vote. In 1968, a Gallup survey found that 80% of Americans favored abolishing the Electoral College and replacing it with a national popular vote.

Much of this was fueled by the 1968 election, in whi h Richard Nixon narrowly won the presidency with a less than one percent lead over Hubert Humphrey. Concerns over a possible contingency election (where no candidate was able to secure an Electoral College majority) or an election where the winner of the popular vote failed to prevail in the Electoral College (a misfire election) was on the minds of many at the time.

Nixon had reason to oppose the Electoral College; close inspection of the 1960 election reveals that he likely was a victim of a misfire election, winning the popular vote but losing in the Electoral College and the election to John F Kennedy. The election is often overlooked as a misfire because the popular vote totals in Alabama are often wrongly attributed to Kennedy.

That election is rarely grouped among the other misfire elections we have experienced (1824, 1876, 1888, 2000, and 2016), but it also represents the only occurrence where a Democrat won the Electoral College but lost the popular vote.

Joe Biden Is Leading Donald Trump in These States Hillary Clinton Lost in 2016, According to Polls

  Joe Biden Is Leading Donald Trump in These States Hillary Clinton Lost in 2016, According to Polls The president forged a route to Electoral College victory with narrow margins and upsets in several states last time out.Trump lost the popular vote but took the Electoral College majority last time out, though his path to 270 this year looks narrow according to state polling.

Interestingly, while Democrats had reason to be upset with the Electoral College in 2000, it was the Bush campaign that was preparing to undermine it in the weeks preceding the election. A number of outlets, including the New York Daily News, reported that the Bush team considered how they might challenge a result where he won the popular vote but lost in the Electoral College.

They were preparing to run advertisements, draft Democrats to advocate on their behalf and were ready to mount an effort using radio to emphasize the importance of the popular vote and work to delegitimize a potential Gore Electoral College victory. While all of this came to pass, it suggests that outcomes have as much to do with one's view of the Electoral College as any purported values associated with the institution. If the outcome serves your interest, then all is well. When it doesn't, then we see major problems.

I suspect that had just over 2% of voters in Ohio changed their minds in 2004, from George W. Bush to John Kerry, Democrats and Republicans would have had very different views of the Electoral College. Had that happened, Kerry would have earned 271 electoral votes and the presidency, even though George W. Bush would have won the popular vote by nearly 3 million ballots.

Changes in public opinion reflect this observation. While Gallup surveys have dependably shown that most Americans favor a popular vote, support for the Electoral College actually rose after the 2016 misfire election. This was due to a large increase in support among Republicans. About one in five Republicans supported a popular vote in December of 2016 compared to nearly 50% in 2004.

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Currently, nearly a quarter of Republicans support a national popular vote, according to Gallup, as opposed to nearly nine out of 10 Democrats -- which is the highest level of support reported among Democrats in two decades.

Like so many other things these days, the Electoral College is viewed through a partisan filter. Although Republicans are largely supportive of it today, electoral history suggests that views of the institution change depending on electoral outcomes.

Indeed, I have made the case that if states such as Texas and Georgia continue to drift toward the Democrats, we could find more Republicans who voice concerns over the Electoral College and more Democrats who would come to embrace the institution. Paraphrasing the old saying, when it comes to the Electoral College, beauty is in the eye of the beholder.

Robert Alexander wearing a suit and tie smiling at the camera © Trevor Jones/Ohio Northern University Robert Alexander

2020 Election Day: What to look for tonight .
The race for 270 electoral votes starts tonight. © Provided by CNN Fast-counting swing states in the Southeast will begin to report their results early. Battlegrounds in the upper Midwest and industrial Great Lakes, as well as states out West, will come online later. And counting votes could take some states several more days.

usr: 0
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