•   
  •   
  •   

Politics When Twitter fact-checks Trump’s tweets, it polarizes Americans even more, our research finds

13:40  25 november  2020
13:40  25 november  2020 Source:   washingtonpost.com

Fact check: What's true and what's false about the 2020 election

  Fact check: What's true and what's false about the 2020 election False claims about the election process are spreading online in wake of the 2020 election. Here's a list of recent fact-checks.Fact check: Pennsylvania voters exposed to COVID-19 can still vote

President Donald Trump ' s favorite social media platform, Twitter , on Tuesday began fact - checking his posts, applying warning labels to two Twitter 's move marked the first time that the social media giant has fact - checked the president within its own platform. "Get the facts about mail-in ballots," said

Последние твиты от Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump). 45th President of the United States of America 🇺🇸. Other than politics, how do you lose a case where large numbers of voters, far more than you need to flip Pennsylvania, are disenfranchised?

“STOP THE FRAUD!” President Trump tweeted Nov. 5, the Thursday after the election. Twitter framed the tweet with warnings. Before the tweet was a label saying, “Some or all of the content shared in this tweet is disputed and might be misleading about an election or other civic process.” After, it offered a link to click to “learn about U.S. 2020 election security efforts.” As vote counting continued, Twitter flagged four such tweets in a 24-hour span.

a man wearing a suit and tie: President Trump at the White House on Nov. 20. © Jabin Botsford/The Washington Post President Trump at the White House on Nov. 20.

For months, Twitter has been identifying and contextualizing Trump’s misleading tweets, aiming to stop misinformation from spreading on its platform. Such warnings may have been a public relations victory for Twitter and for the other social media companies that took similar steps in 2020, at least among some audiences. But did these efforts affect public opinion about the issue itself?

Fact check: Story of Army raid to seize election servers in Germany is false

  Fact check: Story of Army raid to seize election servers in Germany is false Users on Facebook and Parler claim that the U.S. Army seized servers in Germany that show that Donald Trump won the election with 410 electoral votes.In contrast, President Donald Trump has claimed 232 electoral votes. There are 16 votes remaining, in Georgia, pending a recount — though Biden is in the lead and the result will not change the outcome of the election.

Twitter on Tuesday slapped a fact - check label on President Trump ’ s tweets for the first time, a Trump reacts to Twitter 's label with tweets . Twitter ’s action quickly drew backlash from Trump The World Health Organization has halted studies of the drug out of concern that it causes more harm

JUST WATCHED. Twitter fact - checks Trump ' s tweets for the first time. A Twitter spokesperson told CNN that many of these posts are "currently not in violation of the Twitter Rules," even though they struck a similar tone to the tweets they sanctioned in May.

We wanted to know whether fact-checking social media posts works to correct audience perceptions. Or does it backfire — potentially strengthening Americans’ beliefs in false or misleading claims?

Our research suggests that corrections to presidential tweets may not work as intended — but instead further polarize Democrats and Republicans.

Here’s how we did our research

Scholars have studied when fact-checking political misinformation effectively changes what citizens believe. Sometimes, research finds that such rebuttals can backfire; individuals confronted with contrary views double down on their beliefs. Other research suggests that correction backfires are relatively rare. But scholars have never investigated the effects of labeling misinformation when the source is the president of the United States.

Fact check: Fake Trump tweet echoing Halsey song lyrics originally began as a joke

  Fact check: Fake Trump tweet echoing Halsey song lyrics originally began as a joke A doctored image shows Trump tweeted Halsey lyrics about losing the election. This fake tweet, which doesn't appear on his profile, was a joke.“I was red… and you liked him cause he was blue.. then you touched me.. and i was a lilac sky.. but then you all decided that purple just wasn’t for you,” reads an Instagram post containing what appears to be a quote of a tweet from Trump.

Social media platform Twitter has added fact - check warnings to some of President Trumps tweets . Yahoo Finance’ s On The Move panel share the details. Every week, Benzinga conducts a sentiment survey to find out what traders are most excited about, interested in or thinking about as they

President rails against decision after his tweets on mail-in voting are marked with message: ‘Get the facts ’.

To study this, we conducted a survey experiment in May, very shortly after Twitter issued its first rebuttal of a presidential tweet. Underneath two Trump tweets baselessly claiming that mail-in ballots were “substantially fraudulent,” Twitter stamped, “Get the facts about mail-in ballots.” The link took readers to a full fact-check, with information rebutting Trump’s claim.

Women of color won a record number of congressional seats. How will they legislate?

We recruited a sample of 1,003 adult Americans through the online marketplace Lucid, which uses quota sampling to produce samples that reflect the demographics of the U.S. population as a whole.


Gallery: Facebook and Twitter immediately clamped down on Trump's posts that prematurely declared election victory, but they did so in very different ways (Business Insider)

Mark Zuckerberg, Donald Trump are posing for a picture: Mark Zuckerberg (left) and President Donald Trump. Reuters/Drew Angerer/Getty Images

We asked respondents whether they believed mail-in ballots were often fraudulent. Before doing so, we randomly assigned them to several groups. The first group took the survey without reading any additional information. The second group read the president’s tweet. The third read the tweet as well as Twitter’s “get the facts” nudge, gently suggesting that Trump’s claims were inaccurate. The final group saw the tweet, the nudge and the full fact-check with rebutting information.

Twitter Has Flagged More than 90 Trump Tweets as Misleading since the Election

  Twitter Has Flagged More than 90 Trump Tweets as Misleading since the Election Twitter flagged most of the tweets in question with a label alerting users to disputed allegations of voter fraud.The social media platform also flagged more than 20 election-related posts that the president retweeted as potentially misleading since November 3.

Trump ’ s tweet revealing he has contracted the coronavirus become his most shared post of all time. MarketWatch photo illustration/ Twitter , Getty Images. And even though he tweeted the bombshell health revelation at 12:54 a.m. Eastern time, when many Americans were asleep, it quickly became

Attack comes after Twitter fact - checked , labeled Trump tweet . Tech companies have faced criticism from conservatives of bias. In a pair of tweets issued Wednesday morning from his iPhone, Trump said that social media sites are trying to silence conservative voices, and need to change course or

chart, bar chart

In the group that read the tweet alone, Democrats and Republicans responded differently. Compared with the group that read nothing, Republicans became more likely to believe mail ballot fraud was common and Democrats became slightly less likely to believe the claim. Moreover, both the more modest nudge and the full rebuttal polarized partisan responses further: Democrats became less likely, and Republicans more likely, to believe in voter mail fraud. In the real world, this polarizing effect could be even stronger if publicity about Twitter’s fact-checking attracts more readers to the tweet than would have seen it without the correction.

Of course, our study examined only a single case — by definition, as this was the first time that Twitter had fact-checked a presidential tweet. It would be interesting to examine whether such rebuttals always polarize opinion, or whether that varies in different circumstances.

Biden's win shows that suburbs and small cities are the new swing constituency

So what does this mean for regulating social media?

Fact check: Claim that voting noncitizens affected 2020 election outcome is unverified

  Fact check: Claim that voting noncitizens affected 2020 election outcome is unverified A possible count of noncitizen voter turnout relies on Census estimates, not registration data. The claim is unproven and missing context.Experts say the lawsuits will likely fail, but a public policy research firm found merit in the Trump campaign’s complaints.

Throughout the waves of coronavirus misinformation and the 2020 presidential election, social media platforms have been buffeted by conflicting pressures. On the one hand, Democrats have pressured them to crack down on misinformation on their platforms. And on the other, Republicans have charged that the social media platforms have intervened too aggressively and played favorites.

Those two camps showed up on Capitol Hill last week when the chief executives of Twitter and Facebook, Jack Dorsey and Mark Zuckerberg, answered questions in a Senate Judiciary Committee hearing titled “Breaking the News: Censorship, Suppression, and the 2020 Election.” Sen. Marsha Blackburn (R-Tenn.) charged that the platforms “have used this power to silence conservatives,” while Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.) asked whether Twitter warnings were even effective. Democrats think that these platforms have not moderated content thoroughly enough. Republicans charge that platforms are censoring conservative thought.

Our research suggests that the parties have inflated these corrections’ influence on public opinion. Rather than swaying public opinion, corrections to Trump’s posts, at least, may simply polarize the public further.

Don’t miss any of TMC’s smart analysis! Sign up for our newsletter.

'We are a nation of laws, not tweets': Republican Sens. Romney and Sasse decry Trump efforts to challenge election

  'We are a nation of laws, not tweets': Republican Sens. Romney and Sasse decry Trump efforts to challenge election "It is difficult to imagine a worse, more undemocratic action by a sitting American President," Romney said of Trump's contacts with local officials."Having failed to make even a plausible case of widespread fraud or conspiracy before any court of law, the President has now resorted to overt pressure on state and local officials to subvert the will of the people and overturn the election," said Sen. Mitt Romney, R-Utah, in a tweet.

Dino Christenson is an associate professor of political science at Boston University, fellow at the Hariri Institute for Computing and Computational Science & Engineering and co-author, most recently, of “The Myth of the Imperial Presidency: How Public Opinion Checks the Unilateral Executive” (University of Chicago Press, 2020).

Douglas Kriner is the Clinton Rossiter professor in American institutions and faculty director of the Institute of Politics and Global Affairs at Cornell University, as well as co-author, most recently, of “The Myth of the Imperial Presidency: How Public Opinion Checks the Unilateral Executive” (University of Chicago Press, 2020).

Sarah Kreps (@sekreps) is the John L. Wetherill professor at Cornell University, a nonresident senior fellow at the Brookings Institution and author, most recently, of Social Media and International Relations (Cambridge University Press, 2020).

Economists are calling for more stimulus checks. Here's where assistance plans stand .
As coronavirus stimulus aid has stalled, one group of prominent economists is calling for a second set of stimulus checks to help ease Americans' burden.But lawmakers on Capitol Hill still need to work out their differences before they can approve another coronavirus stimulus package that will trigger those payments.

usr: 0
This is interesting!