Politics The next Republican civil war: a fight over earmarks

08:45  26 february  2021
08:45  26 february  2021 Source:   cnn.com

Hoyer: 'Bipartisan' earmarks comeback in the offing

  Hoyer: 'Bipartisan' earmarks comeback in the offing Appropriators hope to recast the politically taboo spending practice as funding for “community projects."House Appropriations Chair Rosa DeLauro “is working through the details of a reformed process" with regard to earmarks and will share more information "in the coming weeks," a panel spokesperson said.

As Democrats begin their march toward reinstating earmarks, Republicans are grappling with how their party will handle bringing back directed congressional spending.

a large building: Clouds pass overt the Capitol Dome as the Senate resumes debate on overriding the veto of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) on December 31, 2020 in Washington, DC. Senator Bernie Sanders (I-VT) is filibustering the NDAA, calling for a Senate vote on giving Americans $2,000 in direct payments for COVID-19 relief. (Photo by Joshua Roberts/Getty Images) © Joshua Roberts/Getty Images Clouds pass overt the Capitol Dome as the Senate resumes debate on overriding the veto of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) on December 31, 2020 in Washington, DC. Senator Bernie Sanders (I-VT) is filibustering the NDAA, calling for a Senate vote on giving Americans $2,000 in direct payments for COVID-19 relief. (Photo by Joshua Roberts/Getty Images)

Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell suggested in a Fox News interview Thursday evening that Republicans won't be asking for earmarks, which would have huge implications for spending legislation going forward and give Democrats even greater say in how to direct funding.

Earmarks benefit lawmakers more than localities

  Earmarks benefit lawmakers more than localities Democrats are bringing back earmarks, and plenty of media voices are cheering the development. Some commentators, on both the Left and the Right, say earmarks are the grease that makes the congressional machine work. Another defense, from some conservatives and libertarians, is that Congress rightly should exercise more spending authority than it does and should cede less to the executive. © Provided by Washington Examiner Both of these arguments have merit and ought to be weighed against the costs (in terms of corruption, mostly, of earmarking).

But Republicans are divided along ideological and even generational lines with fiscal conservatives arguing the practice of sending money directly to certain districts and projects has been grossly abused and represents the worst of Washington. Meanwhile, some longer-serving members and appropriators support the practice and recall the benefits of driving pork back home.

"The key with congressional directed spending is it should be posted, the sponsor's name should be attached, it should not be air-dropped in conference, it should have had to pass one house or the other. There are a lot of transparency reforms that you could put in," said Sen. Susan Collins, a Republican from Maine and an appropriator. "Why Congress ever wanted to give away its spending authority to people who were not elected or responsible is beyond me."

House Freedom Caucus opposes earmarks, setting up internal GOP debate

  House Freedom Caucus opposes earmarks, setting up internal GOP debate Republicans — who first banned earmarks when they took over the House majority following the 2010 Tea Party wave — have been divided over the issue, with some warming to the idea in recent years. While the practice is still formally prohibited under current House GOP conference rules, some Republicans have argued that allowing lawmakers to ensure money for specific projects restores power to the legislative branch and could help make the institution more functional.“Earmarks never really went away. They just moved from Congress to the administration, I think, with less scrutiny and transparency,” said Rep. Garret Graves (R-La.).

McConnell was a big earmarker before he agreed to ban them following the rise of the Tea Party.

When asked about switching his thinking on earmarks, McConnell said, "Well I represent the entire conference, and I can tell you, the overwhelming majority of the Republican conference in the Senate is not in favor of going back to earmarks. I'm assuming those people, even if the Democrats craft the bill so that those are permitted, will not be asking for them."

In the decade since Republicans on Capitol Hill banned earmarks, lawmakers have had to lobby federal agencies to steer money back to their states and districts, a practice that is time consuming for offices and gives lawmakers far less control over how congressional spending is doled out.

Democrats have not formally unveiled their plan to bring back earmarks. House Appropriations Chairwoman Rosa DeLauro, a Connecticut Democrat, has been working on the package and getting buy-in from members. But it's not clear how Republicans will proceed. The GOP conference rules currently prohibit the use of them, but continuing that practice could put Republicans at a distinct disadvantage as they seek to negotiate on government spending bills full of opportunities to steer funds to their districts. And Democrats have signaled they will also use earmarks in future legislation like infrastructure -- the kind of package that would be ripe for members to direct spending back home for roads, bridges and other projects.

Much-Maligned Congressional Earmarks Are Coming Back

  Much-Maligned Congressional Earmarks Are Coming Back The Tea Party movement temporarily killed them — but only temporarily.The practice resulted in some notable scandals, including former California Republican Rep. Duke Cunningham and lobbyist Jack Abramoff going to jail for earmark-related bribes, and then there was the $223 million earmark for the “Bridge to Nowhere” to connect an 8,000-person Alaskan town to an airport.

House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy has stayed mum on whether he would agree to bringing back earmarks, telling reporters he will not make a decision until he gets more details on the Democratic proposal.

"I know the Democrats have said in the last Congress as well. I haven't seen anything new. Anytime someone would approach that, they'd have to bring new accountability to it. We would look at that nature, but until that time, we wouldn't take anything up until we see what they're proposing," McCarthy said.

But the GOP leader is facing pushback from some of his own members, and allowing earmarks could potentially hurt his future in leadership and his reputation with conservatives in his conference.

Video: Georgia GOP pushing new sweeping bill to restrict voting (CNN)

The House Freedom Caucus has said they are opposed to bringing back earmarks, drawing a line on the issue for a powerful wing of the Republican conference.

Freedom Caucus Chair Andy Biggs said during a news conference Thursday that the conservative Republican members will fight Democrats on reinstating the spending practice.

Senator Rick Scott Insists GOP Civil War 'Absolutely Canceled' Despite Ongoing Tensions

  Senator Rick Scott Insists GOP Civil War 'Absolutely Canceled' Despite Ongoing Tensions The Florida Republican doubled down in dismissing the GOP's divisions over former president Donald Trump.Trump spoke at the annual Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) on Sunday, asserting his continued dominance over the GOP—which he said is united even as he attacked Republican leaders who've crossed him—despite the violent insurrection against the U.S. Capitol by his supporters on January 6. While a number of leading Republican lawmakers have come out strongly against Trump in the wake of the violent mob attack targeting Congress, most GOP voters and lawmakers continue to align themselves with the former president.

"We're going to fight the earmarks because what it does is it will lead to corruption," the Arizona Republican said. "We will fight to make sure our constituents are taken care of but we're not going to let it be subject to the trading and the corruption that has existed in the past when we've had earmarks."

Earmarks have long been targeted as examples of unnecessary spending by Republicans. Leadership used to woo votes on legislation by offering up the monetary carveouts in exchange for support.

House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer said on a call with reporters Wednesday he had spoken to McCarthy on the issue but didn't want to speak for him.

The Maryland Democrat also said he knows there are Republicans who want earmarks.

"Have I talked to Mr. McCarthy? I have, but whatever he wants to say, I'll leave that to him, not to me," Hoyer said. "On earmarks, I've talked to a lot of Republicans who I expect are going to be requesting earmarks for their districts. These are congressional initiatives to help public entities and public projects and nonprofit projects in congressional districts around the country. My view has been this is the constitutional responsibility of the Congress of the United States and that members of Congress know their districts better than almost anybody else."

Senate Republicans have their own divide.

McConnell told Fox Thursday that "earmarks are very unpopular among Republicans."

A group of conservative Republicans introduced legislation to keep earmarks banned earlier this month, with senators pledging they'll fight leadership to try and block the return of the practice.

"I am against them. To me it is one of the things I was glad to see gone and now it is ironic they are trying to bring them back," said Republican Sen. Mike Braun of Indiana.

McConnell had said he would leave it up to Sen. Richard Shelby, the top Republican on the Appropriations Committee who has backed the practice for years.

Shelby said he has always been supportive of "meritorious, substantive, directed appropriations, but not some of the ones that caused all the stir before."

"I am not against bringing them back," the Alabama Republican said. "But we have to make sure they are not frivolous."

This story has been updated with comments from McConnell on Fox Thursday.

First aid money for real America .
Earmarks allow officials to send funds to those in need.Last week, Congress reclaimed an essential spending power. Democrats in the House of Representatives repealed the moratorium on earmarks, which means individual legislators will once again be empowered to direct spending to repair bridges, widen roads, and invest in economic revitalization projects. Wisely, legislators put new safeguards around this "community project funding" process to weed out unworthy spending proposals and oversight measures to make sure money is spent appropriately.

usr: 0
This is interesting!