Politics The states taking steps to ban critical race theory
The Conservative Disinformation Campaign Against Nikole Hannah-Jones
Only by identifying these campaigns as disinformation can we counter them, two UNC professors write.But then her tenure case reached the university’s conservative majority Board of Trustees, where it apparently lingered without action in a subcommittee. In the end, the board took the unprecedented step of refusing to hear the case at all. When the news became public, there was a large public outcry. Hannah-Jones’ legal team gave the Board of Trustees until Friday to reconsider tenure.
Critical race theory has come under intense scrutiny in 2021, with numerous states taking steps to ban it in public schools.
Opponents of the academic theory argue the curriculum can be divisive, while proponents say it shines a light on institutionalized racism and other systemic barriers to equality that disproportionately affect people of color.
Below are the 21 states that have either introduced legislation to ban critical race theory or banned it altogether. This list will be updated as necessary.
On May 27, the state Senate failed to pass when two Republicans voted against it. The measure could still come up for another vote.
What is critical race theory, and why do Republicans oppose teaching it in schools?
Republicans have rallied behind efforts to stamp critical race theory out of schools. So what is it, and why the controversy?The catch? Baked into the legislation is an effort to stamp out conversations about race and equity. Lawmakers in a growing number of states — including Kentucky, Iowa, Louisiana, Missouri, New Hampshire, Oklahoma, Rhode Island and West Virginia – have introduced bills that would prohibit schools from teaching "divisive," "racist" or "sexist" concepts.
Gov. Asa Hutchinson (R) signed banning "divisive concepts" on May 3. The Senate passed the measure in a 20-6 vote, while the House voted 72 to 19 in favor.
Gov. Brad Little (R) signed into law on April 28. The statute withholds funds from any public schools that teach critical race theory.
The state legislature sent to the governor's mansion on May 20. It is currently awaiting a signature from Gov. Kim Reynolds (R).
Rep. Joseph M. Fischer (R) on June 1 prefiled , a measure that would withhold $5,000 in funding per day for schools that teach that "one's race inherently qualifies them as racist." The legislation has yet to be introduced to the General Assembly.
Rep. Raymond E. Garofalo (R) introduced on April 12. The bill aims to ban the teaching of "divisive concepts" related to race and sex in public schools. Garofalo "voluntarily defer[ed]" the bill on April 27.
Critical race theory is a lucrative obsession for Republicans because the party is 'offended by the political focus on racism and racial justice'
The outrage cycle "might translate into future votes, but in the meantime definitely translates into donations and ratings," a historian told Insider.Critical race theorists look at how America's history of racism and discrimination continues to impact the country today.
On Feb. 22, Rep. Meldon Carmichael (R) introduced , which would prohibit public school teachers from "engaging in political ideological or religious advocacy in the classroom." The bill was referred to the Committee on Education and Cultural Affairs on June 7.
Republicans on May 20 introduced , which would exclude race theory education from public curriculum. The bill specifically names the 1619 Project and describes it as "anti-American." The measure has been referred to the Committee on Education and Career Readiness.
On Jan. 28, Rep. Brian Sietz (R) introduced , which takes aim at the 1619 Project. The measure has been referred to a legislative oversight committee.
Reps. Jason Osborne (R), Glenn Cordelli (R) and Keith Ammon (R) introduced a version of race theory legislation on Jan. 12. would ban race theory in trainings and educational curriculum. The measure was adopted as an amendment to the state budget that has yet to be signed into law.
Critical Race Theory: These states are already cracking down on the controversial concept
Critical Race Theory is a controversial philosophy – a progressive idea that proponents say can increase racial equity and which critics describe as a Marxist, anti-American and neo-racist. It’s either "a way of understanding how American racism has shaped public policy, or a divisive discourse that pits people of color against White people," according to a recent article in Education Week. "CRT seeks to diminish the reality that we are all unique and precious in God’s eyes," Melody Clarke of Heritage Action for America told Fox News Friday.
On March 23, Rep. Jason Saine (R) introduced , a measure that its author says would ensure "dignity" and "nondiscrimination" in schools. The House passed the bill, which has since been referred to the Committee on Rules and Operations of the Senate.
On May 25, more than two dozen Republican state representatives introduced . The bill would ban the discussion of critical race theory in public schools.
On May 7, Gov. Kevin Stitt (R) signed . The legislation bans the requirement for students to "engage in certain training or counseling."
Reps. Barb Gleim (R) and Russ Diamond (R) are among the sponsors of , a measure that would restrict "racist and sexist concepts." The bill was introduced to the House on March 3 and was referred to the Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs on April 22.
Reps. Patricia Morgan (R), George Nardone (R) and Sherry Roberts (R) introduced on March 3. The bill would "prohibit the teaching of divisive concepts," and is pending review from the House Education Committee.
Critical race theory: Diverse group of mothers from across the country speak out
"Critical race theory," the phrase that has captured headlines and driven news cycles, was once relegated to the halls of academia. But as CRT and its associated ideas have spread to school districts, so went the demographics of people debating its implications. Ideas related to CRT have featured prominently in controversial materials that pose what mothers see as a very real threat to their children's futures. Despite the controversy being painted by some as manufactured, the battle over CRT has thrust a long list of concerned parents into the public square.
Nineteen Republican representatives introduced on May 4. The bill would ban "critical race theory." It has been referred to the Committee on Education and Public Works.
Sen. Mike Bell and other Republican senators introduced on Feb. 2. The bill prohibits schools from teaching that "one race or sex is inherently superior to another race or sex." The state legislature passed the legislation, which was signed into law by Gov. Bill Lee (R) on May 25.
Rep. Steve Toth (R) introduced "Relating to the Social Studies Curriculum in Public Schools." The bill was passed by the legislature and sent to Gov. Greg Abbott (R) on June 1. It is awaiting his signature.
Rep. Steve R. Christiansen (R) introduced "House Resolution on Critical Race Theory in Public Education" on May 19. The bill is currently with the Lieutenant Governor's office.
Sen. Michael T. Azinger (R) introduced prohibiting the teaching of "divisive acts and critical race theory in West Virginia schools" on March 10. The bill was referred to the Committee on Education and the Committee on the Judiciary. A similar bill aiming to "prohibit 'divisive concepts' from schools," , was introduced by Rep. Riley Keaton on Feb. 18. It was referred to the Committee on Education and the Judiciary.
Rep. Chuck Wichgers (R) and Sen. Andre Jacque (R) announced legislation this month that would ban "race or sex stereotyping" in all schools including public and charter schools and colleges in the state.
‘Laws in search of problems that don’t exist’: Republicans try to ban critical race theory in colleges .
As more state legislatures try to ban critical race theory in colleges, free speech advocates say worrisome precedents are being set across the U.S.In late May, the adjunct instructor at Oklahoma City Community College found out that her “Race and Ethnicity in the U.S.” class had been put on hold due to a new law, SB 1775, that bans critical race theory. Signed into law on May 8 by Gov. Kevin Stitt, the law states that "no teacher shall require or make part of a course that one race or sex is inherently superior to another race or sex.