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Politics United States. Biden establishes a holiday to commemorate the end of the slavery

08:20  18 june  2021
08:20  18 june  2021 Source:   ouest-france.fr

Biden and his aviators greet queen on a sunny afternoon

  Biden and his aviators greet queen on a sunny afternoon WINDSOR, England (AP) — President Joe Biden and his aviator sunglasses met Queen Elizabeth II on bright Sunday afternoon. The queen hosted the president and first lady Jill Biden at Windsor Castle, her royal residence near London. Biden flew to London after wrapping up his participation in a three-day summit of leaders of the world's wealthy democracies in Cornwall, in southwestern England. He arrived at the castle aboard the presidential helicopter and was ferried to the queen in a black Range Rover.

Le président Joe Biden tendant son stylo à la militante Opal Lee lors de la cérémonie de signature du Juneteenth National Independence Day Act, à la Maison Blanche, 17 juin 2021. © EPA-EFE / Oliver Contreras / Pool President Joe Biden holding his pen to the opal Lee activist at the signing ceremony of the National Juzeth National Independence Day Act, At the White House, June 17, 2021.

US President Joe Biden and his Vice President Kamala Harris promulgated Thursday a bill established on June 19, the "Junetenth", as a federal holiday in the United States to commemorate The legal end of the slavery of African Americans.

The President Joe Biden promulgated Thursday, 17 June a law creating a new federal holiday, the "Junetenth" , to commemorate the emancipation of the last slaves in Texas on 19 June 1865.

Juneteenth celebrations arrive amid culture war on race theory, voting, police reform

  Juneteenth celebrations arrive amid culture war on race theory, voting, police reform Juneteenth's rise in popularity after a year of racial reckoning comes amid a culture war on voting rights and American schools' teachings on race.Juneteenth, a portmanteau of June and 19th, commemorates June 19, 1865 — the date when Maj. Gen. Gordon Granger issued General Order No. 3, informing the Galveston, Texas, community that President Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation freed enslaved African Americans in rebel states. It’s also known as Freedom Day or Emancipation Day.

"Junenth symbolizes both the long and difficult night of slavery and submission, and the promise of a better day ", he said at the ceremony at the White House, alongside his Vice-President Kamala Harris, of Indian and Jamaican origin.

Slavery, officially abolished in December 1865, is an "moral spot" and "the original sin of America" ​​, recalled the Democratic President.

"We are not there yet"

by doing June 19 a holiday, "All Americans can feel the power of this day and learn from our history, celebrate the progress made and see the distance traveled" .

But, he stressed, the emancipation of American black slaves was "only the beginning" efforts to "keep the promise of racial equality" . "We must continue towards this promise because we are not yet" , assured Mr. Biden, while the black minority (13% of the population) still undergoes discrimination in terms of employment, housing or still health.

Just across the border, this Mexican community also celebrates Juneteenth

  Just across the border, this Mexican community also celebrates Juneteenth The “Southern Underground Railroad” helped formerly enslaved people reach freedom in northern Mexico. One village here has observed Juneteenth or “Dia de los Negros” for 150 years.It may seem unlikely that this holiday would be honored in a small village at the base of the Sierra Madre range, but Nacimiento de los Negros—meaning “Birth of the Blacks”—became a haven for the Mascogos, descendants of Black Seminoles who escaped the brutality of the antebellum South and settled in Mexico.

In a rare moment of political unity, the Senate had unanimously approved Tuesday the text of the "National Day of the Independence of Junetenth" , contraction of "June" and "19" in English, then the House of Representatives had adopted it by a crushing majority, only 14 Republican elected voting against. a daily news in several large companies

it marks the date of 19 June 1865, when the Army of the Union, victorious of the Civil War (1861-1865), announced to the slaves of the Texane city of Galveston. 'They were free men, more than two years after the proclamation of emancipation signed by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863.

Slavery was officially abolished in December 1865, with the adoption of the 13th amendment of the Constitution. .

This holiday is reserved for federal government employees deemed non-essential, but the

"Junetenth" is already a holiday in the majority of US states. The day is usually celebrated by parades, concerts or neighborhood parties.

several large companies like Twitter, Nike or Lyft have done one day on their employees after George Floyd's death, an African-American killed by a white policeman on May 25, 2020 in Minneapolis, whose murder triggered a historic wave of anger against racism.

Reparations, slavery trauma: My teacher's lack of empathy was generations in the making .
Talking about trauma is not an attempt to downplay Black success. Instead, it's a call for America to rectify abuses that caused long-term damages.Those comments, while shocking, didn't come from a place of isolation. Sadly, more than a third of adults don't know how widespread slavery was in America, according to a 2019 Washington Post-SSRS poll.

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This is interesting!