Politics China's nuclear build-up: The great distraction
Australia resisted using nuclear power for decades. Here's why the AUKUS deal is making people there angry
The US and UK will be sharing technology and expertise with Australia to help it build nuclear-powered submarines as part of a newly-announced defense pact between the three countries. The move has sparked fury in France, which has lost a long-standing agreement to supply Australia with diesel-powered subs. © Paul Hennessy/NurPhoto/Getty Images The USS Indiana, a nuclear-powered US Navy attack submarine, is escorted as it departs Port Canaveral in Florida on September 29, 2018. But it's not only the French who are furious.
President Biden is reviewing America's nuclear posture. By January, we should know what he thinks about U.S. nuclear weapons, what policies should govern them and how many we need. Congress is watching closely, and the Senate and House of Representatives are sure to debate the results; they always do.
But this year will be different. A new player has entered the field - China.
China is. The of three intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) silo fields in remote regions west and north of Beijing point to a big build-up of weapons and a different strategy for their use. Since acquiring nuclear weapons from the Soviets, the Chinese have taken the stance that they would not build up a large and highly alert force but instead would be ready to retaliate. This "second strike deterrence posture" has served them well, but now the Chinese seem to have decided it is not enough.
Aukus pact signals paradigm shift in Asia Pacific
The agreement will increase Western presence in the region, amid concerns about China's growing influence.The timing of the new deal is particularly significant. It comes just a month after the US exit from Afghanistan, when doubts have been raised in multiple quarters about US commitment in the region.
Which is why it is urgent that the Biden administration (and the Kremlin) get them to the table to ask them. Chinese nuclear force posture and strategy should be an equal concern in Washington and Moscow.
We can ask the Chinese separately, or together, but ask them we should. All three countries might even agree to take some early steps, such as exchanging deployment plans and information about nuclear doctrine. Such confidence-building measures would build mutual predictability and may stave off a nuclear arms race.
Most importantly, we must not panic. Even if the Chinese deploy intercontinental ballistic missiles in each of their new silos, the U.S. will still have a large and capable nuclear force structure and many more nuclear warheads. Some authorities have predicted that the Chinese may be able to quadruple their warhead numbers in coming years. If one goes by the, then China would end up with 1,400 total warheads. That compares with over in both the United States and Russia. We need to keep a sharp eye on what they are doing but not rush into making rash changes in our own nuclear forces.
Washington is ready to fall into Kim Jong Un's trap, again
How many times will the United States pay North Korea to shut down the same nuclear reactor? The answer so far is three, although the Biden White House seems increasingly ready to make it four. © Provided by Washington Examiner FEA.NorthKorea.jpg North Korea once again restarted its Yongbyon reactor in July after it had been dormant for two and a half years. To earn the expected payoff, Kim Jong Un appears to be following the same playbook his father and grandfather used to fleece the U.S. during their respective tenures as lead despot.
China may be a rising nuclear power, but its bigger agenda is building up its science and technology prowess. And this is where we need to focus as a competitor. We should ask ourselves: What is in the long-term U.S. national security interest? Where can we best spend our national treasure to ensure our future defense? Our defense budget funds are finite; we have to balance how best to spend them.
The focus should be not on nuclear weapons but on the new and emerging technologies that are rapidly maturing into military assets. Innovations in artificial intelligence, big data analysis, quantum computing and quantum sensing and biotechnology are where future defense capacity is being born.
The Chinese have sworn to beat us at acquiring and exploiting every one of them. Theirand plans are designed to ensure that China will dominate the science and technology space at mid-century.
U.S. ‘Naive’ About Kim Talks, Leading South Korea Candidate Says
One of the top-ranked conservatives seeking to be South Korea’s next president said the U.S. was “reckless” in its diplomacy with North Korea and questioned if the American ally’s nuclear shield offered real protection. “America is approaching North Korea in a naive way,” Hong Joon-pyo, a leading candidate from the People Power Party said in an interview with Bloomberg on Wednesday, where he criticized the Biden administration for trying to prod Pyongyang back to stalled nuclear talks.“If you look at the way the U.S.
The United States needs to do everything it can to disrupt this Chinese rush to technological superiority. But we cannot do so if we let 100 ICBM silos distract us. These 70-year-old weapon systems have nothing to do with the future capabilities we must deploy if we are to maintain our national defense.
To achieve that goal, we must push the frontiers of science and innovation and prevent Chinese dominance. The U.S. has the talent and the institutions to do so - as long as we spend our resources wisely.
But we are moving in the wrong direction. According to the(NSF), between 2000 and 2017, the share of basic research funded by the federal government . Other NSF indicators, such as the number of patents granted, also show a decline in U.S. performance.
Putting more resources into science and innovation does not mean that we should fail to modernize our nuclear forces. The program of record for nuclear modernization first put in place by President Obama continued to develop momentum during the Trump presidency as we began to exchange new weapons systems for old.
'Indissoluble bonds': Nuclear submarine deal fortifies U.S.-Australia security ties against economic pressure from China
Australia’s decision to acquire nuclear submarine technology from the United States and the United Kingdom helps ensure that security ties between the three powers will withstand China’s economic influence. © Provided by Washington Examiner “There are only six nations capable of fielding nuclear-powered submarines: ourselves, the other permanent members of the U.N. Security Council, and India,” U.K. national security adviser Stephen Lovegrove said Thursday. “Australia will become the seventh, representing a significant commitment to peace and stability in the region ...
Some of them, such the Ohio-class submarines, are nearly 50 years old. They need to be replaced with new, quieter and more capable nuclear-armed submarines. It is still true that, for as long as nuclear weapons exist, the United States must maintain a safe, secure and effective nuclear arsenal.
But let us not let the Chinese push us into pouring our national treasure into nuclear weapons that we do not need. They will continue to go for broke to dominate science and technology achievement in this century, and this is where our attention needs to be.
We must keep a sharp eye on China's nuclear deployments. But we have a long head start on them and can ensure that they do not surprise us in the nuclear space. If we fail to stay focused, we may find one day that they have achieved strategic superiority with entirely new military systems that we can neither defend against nor match.
Rose Gottemoeller is the Steven C. Házy Lecturer at Stanford University's Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies and its Center for International Security and Cooperation. Before joining Stanford, Gottemoeller was the deputy secretary general of NATO from 2016 to 2019. Prior to NATO, she served for nearly five years as the under secretary for arms control and international security at the U.S. Department of State.
How Submarine Power of U.S., Allies and Rivals Compare .
In terms of sheer numbers, North Korea operates the world's largest submarine fleet, but the U.S. Navy's enduring, nuclear-powered force remains the deadliest.As a member of the Quad with the U.S., India and Japan, Australia is considered a key fixture in the region's collective security architecture. The newly formed AUKUS defense pact with the U.S. and U.K. will help Canberra establish a future fleet of eight submarines powered by nuclear reactors, replacing its six Collins-class diesel boats.