Politics What to know about the Supreme Court and what to expect in its new term
Opinion: Supreme Court justices have something to prove
Two justices made news in recent weeks by insisting that the law, not politics, determines how the Supreme Court rules. In the court's new term, the nine justices are due to decide whether an increasingly conservative court will stand by the precedent of Roe v. Wade, which is being challenged by state laws that aim to restrict abortion rights.Take President Joe Biden. He has been walking a tightrope, trying to please both the progressives and moderates in his party, hoping Democrats will unite to launch the biggest expansion of social spending in nearly 60 years. He risks disaster if he can't get the two sides to make a deal.
The Supreme Courtafter a summer recess in which it handed down several high-profile rulings from its so-called "shadow docket."
The court has agreed to hear several controversial cases this term, including a Mississippi ban on abortions after 15 weeks of pregnancy that could overturn or undermine the landmark Roe v. Wade case that has stood as precedent and created a constitutional right to abortion for nearly 50 years.
As oral arguments begin, here is a primer on the nation's highest court and what to expect in its upcoming term.
Supreme Court at crossroads in term with abortion and gun cases
The Supreme Court begins its new term next week at a crossroads and under tremendous political scrutiny, as the expanded conservative majority takes on major cases on abortion and guns that could change American society as well as how the public views the high court’s legitimacy. Those issues will dominate commentary about the Supreme Court […] The post Supreme Court at crossroads in term with abortion and gun cases appeared first on Roll Call.
How many justices sit on the Supreme Court?
Since the Reconstruction era, the court has had nine justices: one chief justice and eight associate justices., not the Constitution, which means Congress may change the number of justices at any time.
While adding justices to tilt the court's partisan makeup was debated during the 2020 election cycle, the last serious attempt to expand the size of the court was from President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1937. Congress decided against the proposal and Roosevelt was widely criticized for it.
The nihilism of Neil Gorsuch
Trump’s first Supreme Court appointee’s radical vision to remake America, explained.The case in front of the Supreme Court was Collins v. Yellen (2021), which had at its center the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), an obscure body that oversaw hundreds of billions of dollars’ worth of transactions intended to stabilize the housing market after the 2008 recession. The FHFA is led by a single director whom only the president can fire “for cause.” The plaintiffs in Collins v. Yellen argued the president must have unlimited power to fire the agency’s head, citing the Supreme Court’s 2020 ruling in Seila Law LLC v. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB).
to analyze potential structural changes to the high court, including the membership and size of the court.
What is the makeup of the Supreme Court?
The current court has a 6-3 advantage for conservatives, based on presidential nominations. The justices themselves say that partisanship does not play a role in their work.
Six justices, including the chief justice, were nominated by Republican presidents, including three named by President Donald Trump. Three justices were appointed by Democratic presidents.
These are the justices and the president who appointed them.
- Chief Justice John Roberts, appointed by President George W. Bush
- Associate Justice Samuel Alito, appointed by President George W. Bush
- Associate Justice Clarence Thomas, appointed by President George H.W. Bush
- Associate Justice Stephen Breyer, appointed by President Bill Clinton
- Associate Justice Elena Kagan, appointed by President Barack Obama
- Associate Justice Sonia Sotomayor, appointed by President Barack Obama
- Associate Justice Neil Gorsuch, appointed by President Donald Trump
- Associate Justice Brett Kavanaugh, appointed by President Donald Trump
- Associate Justice Amy Coney Barrett, appointed by President Donald Trump
How long do Supreme Court justices serve?
, but they can choose to retire.
What's old is new again: Justices back at court for new term
WASHINGTON (AP) — The Supreme Court is beginning a momentous new term with a return to familiar surroundings, the mahogany and marble courtroom that the justices abandoned more than 18 months ago because of the coronavirus pandemic. Abortion, guns and religion all are on the agenda for a court with a rightward tilt, including three justices appointed by President Donald Trump. The justices will meet in person for arguments Monday, although Justice Brett Kavanaugh will participate remotely from his home after testing positive for COVID-19 late last week. Kavanaugh, who was vaccinated in January, is showing no symptoms, the court said.
Thomas, appointed in 1991, is the longest-serving justice on the court. Breyer, appointed in 1993, is the longest-serving justice appointed by a Democrat. Trump’s three appointees are the newest justices on the court.
What is the religious affiliation of the Supreme Court justices?
A majority of the Supreme Court’s justices have been Catholic since Alito joined the court in 2006,With the appointment of Barrett, Catholics hold six of the nine seats on the high court.
Five of the court’s Catholic justices were appointed by Republicans while one, Sotomayor, was appointed by a Democrat.
Breyer and Kagan are Jewish. Gorsuch was raised Catholic and now attends a Protestant church.
When does the Supreme Court term start?
By law,The term usually ends in late June.
In that time, the court hears oral arguments and delivers opinions. Justices also consider about 130 petitions a week from those appealing lower court decisions.
How many cases does the Supreme Court hear?
, selecting from a pool of 7,000 to 8,000 petitions, according to the court’s website. The court has considered fewer cases during the COVID-19 pandemic, handing down about 65 merits opinions in the term that ended earlier this year.
Abortion, guns top agenda for new Supreme Court term
The court could also take up disputes over public funding for religious education and consideration of a student's race in college admissions.The court will also take up a dispute over public funding for religious education, and it could plunge back into the controversy over considering a student's race in college admissions.
What are the key cases for the current term?
The court will hear cases related toin the term that began Monday.
A case about Mississippi’s ban on most abortions after 15 weeks of pregnancy threatens to topple the court’s 1973 Roe v. Wade decision that established a constitutional right to abortion and a ruling in 1992 that governs when a state may regulate that right.
The court also has agreed to hear aand an
When will the Supreme Court rule on abortion?
Oral arguments are scheduled for Dec. 1 in the Mississippi abortion case,.
After arguments,, with factors such as the complexity of the case and the number of justices choosing to write opinions affecting the time frame. The court's biggest and most controversial cases are usually handed down during the final days of its term.
Supreme Court rejects appeal by D.C. residents for more representation
The Supreme Court on Monday advised a lower court to reconsider earlier decisions on the border wall and rejected an appeal from Washington, D.C. residents for voting rights in Congress.The high court on Monday directed lower courts to reconsider their previous rulings that froze funding for construction of a wall at the southern border.
Supreme Court correspondent John Fritze contributed to this report.
This article originally appeared on USA TODAY:
Supreme Court signals willingness to allow Kentucky attorney general to defend state's abortion law .
The case comes to the high court as advocates on both sides of the abortion debate are questioning the court's commitment to its Roe v. Wade decision.Most of the justices Tuesday appeared to be leaning toward allowing Kentucky Attorney General Daniel Cameron to defend a 2018 law banning dilation and evacuation abortions, a procedure commonly performed in the second trimester of pregnancy.