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Politics Experts: Once-a-Decade States Redistricting Process Seeing 'Supercharged Gerrymandering'

01:10  11 november  2021
01:10  11 november  2021 Source:   newsweek.com

How Michigan Republicans are trying to sway independent redistricting process

  How Michigan Republicans are trying to sway independent redistricting process When these commissions solicit public input, both parties, as well as special interest groups, look for additional opportunities to have a say. Still, the GOP training sessions viewed by NBC News offer a detailed look at an organized effort to maintain the party’s advantage even in supposedly independent new maps.Doug Spencer, a redistricting expert and a law professor at the University of Colorado, said that “it undermines that idea, that what you’re hearing is actually curated comments from political parties or advocacy organizations, but that’s the reality of American politics.

Recent redistricting in North Carolina could result in what experts are calling "supercharged gerrymandering," the Associated Press reported.

Sen. Rodger Smitherman compares U.S. Representative district maps during the special session on redistricting at the Alabama Statehouse in Montgomery, Ala., Nov. 3, 2021. © Mickey Welsh/The Montgomery Advertiser via AP, File Sen. Rodger Smitherman compares U.S. Representative district maps during the special session on redistricting at the Alabama Statehouse in Montgomery, Ala., Nov. 3, 2021.

The Republican-majority state finalized its redistricting process last week, which happens every decade. However, it drew major criticism for the way it divided majority-Democratic cities so that the number of Republican-voting districts could increase. This type of supercharged gerrymandering is said by experts to be the result of fewer legal restraints and higher political stakes.

Jim Jordan could face tougher-than-usual reelection fight due to redistricting

  Jim Jordan could face tougher-than-usual reelection fight due to redistricting Rep. Jim Jordan is on the cusp of real power on Capitol Hill — if Ohio's redistricting process doesn't derail his congressional career first. © Provided by Washington Examiner That's a relatively slim possibility for the firebrand Republican, who became a national figure of sorts as a fierce defender of former President Donald Trump. But it can't be ruled out, either, because starting with the 2022 elections, Ohio's House delegation will shrink from 16 districts to 15 due to lackluster population growth over the past decade.

"In the absence of reforms, the gerrymandering in general has gotten even worse than 2010," said Chris Warshaw, who analyzed redistricting maps across the United States for decades as a political scientist at George Washington University.

Fourteen states have passed new congressional maps, with North Carolina's the most recent. With Republicans controlling the line-drawing process in states that have 187 seats in the House, a surge of gerrymandering could come from the GOP.

"Across the board you are seeing Republicans gerrymander," Kelly Ward Burton, executive director of the National Democratic Redistricting Committee, told AP. "They're on a power grab for Congress for the entire decade."

However, Democrats are just as likely to attempt gerrymandering, such as the case with Illinois. Its recent map has drawn criticism for being a potential gerrymander. Maryland Democrats are also considering a new map that could make it easier for Republican Representative Andy Harris to be voted out.

Virginia Supreme Court rejects Republican nominee for drawing new redistricting maps

  Virginia Supreme Court rejects Republican nominee for drawing new redistricting maps The Supreme Court of Virginia disrupted state Republican plans for redistricting on Friday, disqualifying one GOP nominee to draw new maps and cast doubt on two others. © Provided by Washington Examiner The court said Thomas Bryan, who had been previously hired as a consultant by Virginia Republicans, was disqualified from serving as a special master over the redistricting process due to a conflict of interest.

Gerrymandering is largely known as the process in which politicians draw out district lines that either pack districts close together or crack them across several. The process can also deprive communities of representatives at the state and national levels.

For more reporting from the Associated Press, see below.

North Carolina remains a perennial battleground, closely split between Democrats and Republicans in elections. In the last presidential race, Republican Donald Trump won by just over 1 percentage point—the narrowest margin since Barack Obama barely won the state in 2008.

Republicans dominated redistricting last decade, helping them build a greater political advantage in more states than either party had in the past 50 years.

Just three months into the map-making process, it's too early to know which party will come out on top. Republicans need a net gain of just five seats to take control of the U.S. House and effectively freeze President Joe Biden's agenda on climate change, the economy and other issues.

Americans are participating in redistricting like never before

  Americans are participating in redistricting like never before The number of Americans who have engaged with state legislatures and independent commissions working to redraw political boundary lines in the decennial redistricting process has hit vertiginous new heights as voters inundate mapmakers with proposals, suggestions and objections.In Washington state, the independent redistricting commission has received input from about 7,000 people, either through emailed comments or participation in virtual town hall meetings, a threefold increase compared to the last redistricting process a decade ago.Of those, state residents have submitted 1,300 proposed maps of their own.

But Republicans' potential net gain of three seats in North Carolina could be fully canceled out in Illinois. Democrats who control the legislature have adopted a map with lines that squiggle snake-like across the state to swoop up Democratic voters and relegate Republicans to a few districts.

The cumulative effect is essentially a wash for Republicans and Democrats, leaving just a few toss-up districts. That could change in the coming weeks, as Republican-controlled legislatures consider proposed maps in Georgia, New Hampshire and Ohio that target Democratic-held seats.

Ohio Republicans have taken an especially ambitious approach, proposing one map that could leave Democrats with just two seats out of 15 in a state that Trump won by 8 percentage points.

Former Attorney General Eric Holder, who leads the Democrats' effort, has called for more states to use redistricting commissions, and a Democratic election bill stalled in the Senate would mandate them nationwide. Democratic-controlled states such as Colorado and Virginia recently adopted commissions, leading some in the party to worry it is giving up its ability to counter Republicans.

Gerrymandering: Republicans may already be winning the 2022 election

  Gerrymandering: Republicans may already be winning the 2022 election Thanks to creatively partisan drawing of congressional maps after the 2020 Census, the GOP is already poised to flip multiple House seats from blue to red, according to a new analysis. But the redistricting process is far from over, and there's still an election that needs to occur.Republicans are well positioned to win a majority in the House in 2022 even though the election is a year away.

After a power-sharing agreement with Republicans in Oregon stalled, Democrats quickly redrew the state's congressional map so all but one of its six districts leaned their way.

The legal landscape has changed since 2010 to make it harder to challenge gerrymanders. Though using maps to diminish the power of specific racial or ethnic groups remains illegal, the conservative majority on the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that several states no longer have to run maps by the U.S. Department of Justice to confirm they're not unfair to minority populations as required by Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act. The high court also ruled that partisan gerrymanders couldn't be overturned by federal courts.

"Between the loss of Section 5 and the marked free-for-all on partisan gerrymandering in the federal courts, it's much more challenging," said Allison Riggs, chief counsel for voting rights at the Southern Coalition for Social Justice, which is suing North Carolina to block its new maps.

Newly passed congressional maps in Indiana, Arkansas and Alabama all maintain an existing Republican advantage. Of the combined 17 U.S. House seats from those states, just three are held by Democrats, and that seems unlikely to change. In Indiana, the new map concentrates Democrats in an Indianapolis district. In Arkansas, a GOP plan that divides Black Democratic voters in Little Rock unnerved even the Republican governor, who let it become official without his signature. In Alabama, a lawsuit from a Democratic group contends the map "strategically cracks and packs Alabama's Black communities, diluting Black voting strength."

How voting — or choosing not to — might slow gerrymandering

  How voting — or choosing not to — might slow gerrymandering Gerrymandering season has begun, as state legislative and independent commissions begin the process of drawing new districts.Holding majority status in a state legislature is often a party's golden ticket to winning the gerrymandering battles. This gives them a tailwind to draw maps that favor their candidates to ensure that they can continue to hold majority status.

On Wednesday in Utah, the Republican-controlled state legislature approved maps that convert a swing district largely in suburban Salt Lake City into a safe GOP seat, sending it to Governor Spencer J. Cox for his signature.

Though gerrymanders may not always be checked by the courts, they are limited by demographics.

In Texas, for example, the U.S. Census Bureau found the state grew so much it earned two new House seats. Roughly 95 percent of the growth came from Black, Latino and Asian residents who tend to vote Democratic. The GOP-controlled Legislature drew a map that, while creating no new districts dominated by these voters, maintained Republican advantages. Civil rights groups have sued to block it.

North Carolina Republicans took a different approach, much as they did a decade ago. Last cycle, courts first found that Republican lawmakers packed too many Black voters into two congressional districts, then ruled that they illegally manipulated the lines on the replacement map for partisan gain.

The new North Carolina map, which adds a 14th district to the state due to its population growth, already faces a lawsuit. Experts say it's unlikely it would have been approved by the Department of Justice if the old rules were in place, especially because it jeopardizes a seat held by a Black congressman, Democratic Representative G.K. Butterfield.

"It raises a boatload of red flags," said Michael Li, an attorney at the Brennan Center for Justice.

North Carolina House Speaker Tim Moore, a Republican, says he's confident the maps "are constitutional in every respect."

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Kiss your swing districts goodbye .
On this episode of Playbook Deep Dive, we talk to people who draw gerrymandered maps and the people who fight against them.For a live look at how the many redistricting fights are playing out throughout the country and what the final maps will look like, visit politico.com/redistricting.

usr: 1
This is interesting!