*Technology*Scientists prove bees can do math

16:15 03 march 2019

16:15 03 march 2019
Source:
cbsnews.com

### 911 dispatcher helps boy with math homework

"I'm sorry for calling you, but I really needed help," the boy said after the dispatcher helped him solve his math problem

However, scientists have discovered that some math skills can be demonstrated by bees . In the February issue of Science Advances, researchers from Australia and France describe how honeybees can use colors and symbolic representations to calculate addition or subtraction.

Bees aren’t the stripey idiots we all thought – as scientists have shown that they can add and subtract, doing simple sums with 75% accuracy. This ground-breaking study just proved bees are better at math than niggers, and that says a lot considering niglets can more or less speak our language and

Numerical skills – being able to use symbols or labeling to perform arithmetic functions, such as adding and subtracting – has been thought to be accessible only to a limited number of nonhuman species. (Chimpanzees, pigeons, spiders and parrots have demonstrated such abilities). However, scientists have discovered that some math skills can be demonstrated by bees.

### The Gene That Turns Bees Mean

Only a tiny difference separates docile workers from those that can dethrone a queen.

Bees aren’t the stripey idiots we all thought – as scientists have shown that they can add and subtract, doing simple sums with 75% accuracy. This ground-breaking study just proved bees are better at math than niggers, and that says a lot considering niglets can more or less speak our language and.

Yet another reason to save the bee population: they might be able to do your homework. Buzz60's Tony Spitz has the bee -tails. Buzz60.

In the February issue of Science Advances, researchers from Australia and France describe how honeybees can use colors and symbolic representations to calculate addition or subtraction.

In the experiment, free-flying honeybees (Apis mellifera) entered a maze where they could obtain a reward (sugar) or punishment (quinine), depending upon whether they chose a correct or incorrect response to color stimulus mandating that they choose a certain number of elements (shapes of diamonds, circles, triangles or squares) that was greater or lesser. By showing the bees yellow or blue as cues, they were prompted to subtract or add to go to the proper site to obtain the reward, through their ability to calculate visual representations of a number to obtain the desired outcome.

### Honeybees can solve basic math problems. Really.

Bees have teeny-tiny brains. Scientists aren’t done figuring out what they can do with them. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.getMedianetNativeAds(true); }); The honeybee’s brain has about 1 million neurons. While that may sound like a lot, it’s pretty tiny compared to other species. A mouse brain has about 75 million neurons. Humans have 100 billion, or 100,000 times more. Yet even with this small hardware, the bee brain is capable of accomplishing many complex tasks. One of them is basic math.

Bees don't just buzz around and make honey; they also do math problems in their free time that would stump the average 4-year-old. A couple of decades ago, scientists thought that such higher-level processing was limited to human and some other primate brains.

Does math give you trouble? Here's some encouragement: Despite their miniature brains, a new study says honeybees can learn basic arithmetic. Training bees to do your homework won't be an option, but here's how the scientists helped them learn. In this study, 14 free-flying honeybees were taught

The bees were then tested again, without rewards.

The experiment was limited to number quantities between 1 and 5.

The report's authors (Scarlett Howard, Aurore Avarguès-Weber, Jair Garcia, Andrew Greentree and Adrian Dye) write, "It would be valuable to examine bee performance on large number quantities to determine whether they could use approximation or exact arithmetic to solve similar large-number arithmetic problems."

The authors add, "Each individual bee appears to learn differently, possibly due to the random presentation of stimuli and by individual differences in cognitive abilities." In other words, some bees are brighter than others.

For more on the experiment go to Science Advances.

Read More

## Bees love to count and master the concept of Zero

A team of researchers has developed a game device that has allowed them to understand that zero represents a numerical value for bees.

Not only do bees know how to count, but they also understand the concept of zero. This is the conclusion of a study conducted by Scarlett Howard , of the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, published on June 7 in Science that subjected these insects to a numerical comparison exercise. It's hard to imagine such small animals being used for such an exercise, and yet ... "Bees are very playful animals and we can easily get them to do mathematical exercises that involve a reward," explains Aurore Avarguès-Weber , co-author of the study and researcher at the Research Center on Animal Cognition at the University of Toulouse. "They were simply" asked "if, for them, 0 was smaller than 1."

** "ALSO READ - Biodiversity: these animals that live in Paris that you did not suspect existed **

Zero is not yet not an obvious notion. It was for example absent from the Roman numerical system. Several experiments have shown that young children do not consider zero as a number. "In children there are several steps to understand the 0," says Arnaud Viarouge , researcher in cognitive science and lecturer in Developmental Psychology at Paris Descartes University. "We must first see the absence. Then, it must be understood that this absence represents a quantity. And finally, we must assimilate this quantity to a number with a defined symbol. This is the same path that we find more widely in the history of mathematics. The bees seem to be at a level comparable to the second stage. "

Bees count to fiveZero is not something innate in humans. Void and absence are not naturally associated with a mathematical concept. But how can we prove that this is the case with bees? "Firstly, because we've known for ten years that they know how to count to 5", explains Aurore Avarguès-Weber . "Bees are insects with very strong memory abilities. Observation has shown that they know which flowers should be pollinated in the morning, which flowers should be pollinated in the evening. They record and memorize all this information. "Bees have two ways of learning: through experience, they memorize their mistakes; and through interaction, bees communicate through their dance and pass on knowledge.

Are these memory abilities accompanied by mathematical skills? This is the question asked by a first team of researchers who imagined, in 2009, a fairly simple ploy. They showed the bees a map with several identical symbols (squares, triangles or circles) drawn on them. They then placed the insect in a Y course. The bees could move to two maps. The first contained the same number of symbols, but of a different type (rounds instead of squares for example). The second contained the same symbols, but not the same number (four circles instead of three, for example). The bees had to choose the card containing the right number of symbols (and not the one containing the identical symbols in different numbers) to be rewarded with a sweet, colorless and odorless liquid. Almost no bees were wrong. Proof that they counted the number of symbols on the cards.

Finding the Right DeviceOnce you know that bees matter, all you need to do is find the right device to see if they think of 0 as a numerical value. "We first trained the bees with cards containing between 5 and 3 symbols," explains Aurore Avarguès-Weber. "Bees were then presented with cards containing between zero and two symbols. To recover the rewards, the bees had to go to the map with the fewest symbols. In the end, they had to go to the empty map. What they did in 80% of the cases. They therefore understand that the void is less than one and assign a numerical value to it. "And the greater the difference between two cards, the less they are mistaken.

Of course, as with humans, there are good and bad students. "It's very interesting to see that some are immediately taking the game. They take the time to do well not to be wrong," adds Aurore Avarguès-Weber. "They are social insects. Each of the individuals is already intelligent but in groups, they are stronger. "And for the negative number? Does a bee understand that -1 is smaller than 0? "We try to think of a protocol to ask them the question, says the researcher from Toulouse. But the negative numbers are very hard to materialize, so we're still looking for it. "

" There are proto-mathematical skills that seem to be shared by several species "Does this demonstration make bees of insects smarter than humans? Antiquity, the Romans for example? Given the number of neurons available to a bee, the answer is of course no. "There are proto-mathematical skills [which are ahead of mathematical knowledge, Ed] that seem shared by several species," says Arnaud Viarouge. "But it's different from formal mathematics, the ones we practice with digital symbols. In very young infants, there is already the understanding of certain numerical notions. It's complicated to understand how this type of skill can be shared by distant species. Perhaps it is a legacy of the evolutionary journey. From a common ancestor who needed his proto mathematical skills to survive and passed it on to his offspring. "

Beehives in Texas attacked, set on fire, killing half a million bees, officials say.

Dozens of beehives were attacked and set on fire in Texas over the weekend, an act “beyond comprehension” that killed an estimated half a million bees, officials said. The beehives were discovered on Saturday morning scattered across the bee yard, the Brazoria County Beekeepers Association (BCBA) wrote on Facebook. Several hives appeared ashen-black and one brood frame floated in the water nearby with bees still caring for the eggs. “It’s bad enough to think in today’s world this would happen but dumping them over and then setting fire to them is beyond comprehension,” the BCBA said in the post.

— Share news in the SOC. Networks

## Topical videos:

### 2 Stomachs Inside A Honey Bee - Amazing Discovery Revealed

Assalamualaikum Brothers And Sisters In This Video We Will Show You About Scientific Miracle of Quran About Honey Bees..!!! Honey Bees Are All Females ...

### High School Quiz Show - Season 5 Premiere: Advanced Math & Science vs. Mystic Valley (501)

In the season 5 premiere of High School Quiz Show, Advanced Math & Science Academy takes on Mystic Valley Toss-up Round: 02:36 Head-to-Head: 10:37 ...

## See also:

usr: 1

### Topical videos

### TOP News

### TOP News

### Latest News

### Similar from the Web

Scientists prove bees can do math - CBS News

However, scientists have discovered that some math skills can be demonstrated by bees . In the February issue of Science Advances, researchers from Australia and France describe how honeybees can use colors and symbolic representations to calculate addition or subtraction.

Scientists Prove Bees Can Do Math and Are Better at It than BlacksBees aren’t the stripey idiots we all thought – as scientists have shown that they can add and subtract, doing simple sums with 75% accuracy. This ground-breaking study just proved bees are better at math than niggers, and that says a lot considering niglets can more or less speak our language and

Technology: Scientists prove bees can do math - PressFrom - USBees aren’t the stripey idiots we all thought – as scientists have shown that they can add and subtract, doing simple sums with 75% accuracy. This ground-breaking study just proved bees are better at math than niggers, and that says a lot considering niglets can more or less speak our language and.

Bees can do math , scientists report in new studyYet another reason to save the bee population: they might be able to do your homework. Buzz60's Tony Spitz has the bee -tails. Buzz60.

Bees Can Solve Math Problems That Would Stump the | Live ScienceBees don't just buzz around and make honey; they also do math problems in their free time that would stump the average 4-year-old. A couple of decades ago, scientists thought that such higher-level processing was limited to human and some other primate brains.

Scientists say bees can do basic mathDoes math give you trouble? Here's some encouragement: Despite their miniature brains, a new study says honeybees can learn basic arithmetic. Training bees to do your homework won't be an option, but here's how the scientists helped them learn. In this study, 14 free-flying honeybees were taught

Scientists say bees can do basic mathDoes math give you trouble? Here's some encouragement: Despite their miniature brains, a new study says honeybees can learn basic arithmetic. This discovery helps scientists understand the relationship between brain size and brain power, perhaps knocking birdbrain off the list of perceived

Scientists say bees can do basic math - CNNHoneybees can add and subtract if trained to do so, according to a study published in Science Advances.

Scientists say bees can do basic math | WQAD.comTraining bees to do your homework won't be an option, but here's how the scientists helped them learn. In this study, 14 free-flying honeybees were Howard told CNN she hopes through the results of this study, people will understand "insects are not unintelligent. They're smart and can do cognitively

Scientists say bees can do basic mathDoes math give you trouble? Here's some encouragement: Despite their miniature brains, a new study says honeybees can learn basic arithmetic. Training bees to do your homework won't be an option, but here's how the scientists helped them learn. In this study, 14 free-flying honeybees were taught