The universe seems to be expanding faster than all expectations
New evidence deepens a mystery around the Hubble constant, one of the most important numbers in cosmology.
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NASA hired Boeing to build the Starliner, and threw money at SpaceX to build the Crew Dragon. Both spacecraft will eventually take NASA astronauts into It seemed to open the door for Boeing to take the lead and be the first to fulfill its pledge to NASA . However, if the dates issued in a new planning
SpaceX pulls off dazzling Falcon 9 launch and landing in thick fog. SpaceX launches three Tesla Roadster-size satellites and returns their rocket booster safely through the mist. NASA hired Boeing to build the Starliner, and threw money at SpaceX to build the Crew Dragon.
There’s a space race happening right now. It’s not between the United States and Russia, or any nations at all, for that matter, but it’s definitely happening. It’s a race between SpaceX and Boeing to be the first company to deliver a crew-capable spacecraft to NASA, and it’s been filled with twists, turns, and delays since the very start.
Now, a new preliminary planning schedule for NASA’s “Commercial Crew” program hints that SpaceX might ultimately be the victor, but it’s far from a sure thing.
NASA hired Boeing to build the Starliner, and threw money at SpaceX to build the Crew Dragon. Both spacecraft will eventually take NASA astronauts into space from U.S. soil, which is a big deal for the space agency, but neither company has followed through on its promises yet.
Fake asteroid hurtling at New York City triggers terrifying results in NASA simulation
In a NASA asteroid simulation of a fictional scenario, New York City was hit with an asteroid packing 1,000 times the destruction of a nuclear bomb.
NASA delays SpaceX ’s ISS resupply mission over space station glitch. It ' s only been a little over a week since a static test fire of SpaceX 's Crew Dragon resulted in what appeared to be the complete destruction of the vehicle.
SpaceX is about to launch the ashes of 152 people into space NASA just set preliminary dates for its commercial crew launches , with SpaceX in the lead The ring around Uranus has a warm glow. The launch window will open promptly at 8:30 p.m. EDT, and if everything looks good the Falcon
Related slideshow: Famous milestones in Space (Provided by Photo Services)
June 20, 1944: First man-made object in space
The MW 18014, a V-2 guided ballistic missile, was launched from the Peenemünde Army Research Center in Nazi Germany. It reached an altitude of 109 miles (176 kilometers) above the Earth’s surface.
Oct. 4, 1957: First artificial satellite in space
Weighing 184 pounds (84 kilograms), Sputnik 1, a metal sphere with a diameter of 23 inches (58 centimeters), was launched by the Soviet Union into an elliptical low-Earth orbit, giving the Russians a first ‘win’ in the Space Race. The spacecraft completed an Earth orbit every 96.2 minutes and transmitted a series of beeps that could be monitored around the world.
NASA is using the same space suits astronauts wore 30 years ago. Experts say that needs to change.
As NASA prepares to head back to the moon, the agency must scramble to develop new spacesuits or astronauts will be forced to don hand-me-down equipment.
" NASA 's continued commitment to the commercial space industry also helps spur innovations in the commercial launch vehicle market," the They did, however, recommend that NASA look into booking launches with SpaceX 's reusable Falcon 9 boosters, which could earn the government a
SpaceX uses load-and-go for its satellite and cargo Dragon missions currently, starting the fueling process just 35 minutes before liftoff. “It appears that, if all the appropriate steps are taken and it addresses the potential hazards, the risk of launching crew in the load-and-go configuration could
(Pictured) Replica of Sputnik 1.
Nov. 3, 1957: First animal to orbit the Earth
Laika, a three-year-old stray dog from the streets of Moscow, Russia, was sent up to space in Sputnik 2. Scientists believed animals could help understand the effect of space flight on humans. However, since they hadn’t yet, at the time, figured out the technology to de-orbit, it was a one-way flight. Laika died soon after her flight, possibly from overheating caused by a malfunctioning spacecraft.
Aug. 14, 1959: First photo of Earth from space
American satellite Explorer 6 transmitted crude pictures of a sunlit area of the Central Pacific Ocean and its cloud cover while it was crossing Mexico.
Oct. 7, 1959: First photos of another space object
Although no human has ever stood on the far side of the moon, Soviet-era space probe Luna 3 was the first to take photographs of the area. The probe took 29 images; they were of low-resolution but many features could still be identified, such as the Mare Moscoviense (the dark spot in the upper right corner).
NASA’s Cassini reveals more detail in Saturn’s rings
NASA's Cassini mission officially ended way back in 2017. It was then that the spacecraft plunged into Saturn, destroying itself in a blaze of glory.
The unmanned spacecraft lifted off from Kennedy Space Center in Florida in the early hours of Saturday, atop a Falcon 9 rocket. With its main rival Boeing, SpaceX is also one of the two lead partners in Nasa ’s commercial crew programme, set up to hand over the development and
NASA and its Commercial Crew Program providers Boeing and SpaceX have agreed to move the target launch dates for the upcoming inaugural test “ NASA has been working together with SpaceX and Boeing to make sure we are ready to conduct these test flights and get ready to learn critical
March 11, 1960: First solar probe is launched
NASA launched the Pioneer 5 space probe, via a Thor-Able 4 rocket, to investigate the interplanetary space between Earth and Venus. The probe was designed to provide information on solar flares, radiation and interplanetary magnetic fields.
April 12, 1961: First man in space
Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin completed an orbit of the Earth on the Vostok 1. This was Gagarin’s first and only spaceflight. The flight lasted 108 minutes and Gagarin parachuted out of the capsule when it was 4.3 miles (seven kilometers) from the planet’s surface. However, he didn’t man the mission – it was controlled either by an auto-pilot mechanism or from the ground.
May 5, 1961: First completed manned spaceflight
American astronaut Alan Shepard piloted the Mercury-Redstone 3 (also called Freedom 7) to demonstrate humans could withstand the high gravitational forces of launch and landing. He completed a 15-minute suborbital flight before landing in the North Atlantic, off the coast of the Bahamas.
Mars has meteors to thank for its wispy clouds
Mars isn't exactly known for being a cloudy place. It's dry, dusty, and barren, but the planet does indeed have a bit of cloud cover. Figuring out why those clouds exist and where they came from has posed a challenge for scientists, but a new study published in Nature Geoscience suggests that clouds on Mars are the result of visitors from elsewhere. Namely, meteors. The paper reveals that the faint cloud cover hovering in the Martian atmosphere at an altitude of around 18 miles may actually be leftover “meteoric smoke” which was created by space rocks speeding through the planet’s upper atmosphere.
June 16, 1963: First woman in space
Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova completed 48 orbits of the Earth in three days. She was awarded the title of “Hero of the Soviet Union” on return and the United Nations Gold Medal of Peace.
March 18, 1965: First spacewalk
Voskhod 2 pilot Alexey Leonov completed a 12-minute spacewalk when he left the craft to attach a camera to the end of the airlock. An endeavor to mark a space milestone, it could have cost Leonov his life since his suit was over-pressurized and he almost suffered a heatstroke. Fortunately, all ended well and the cosmonaut was recorded floating in space before safely re-entering the spacecraft.
July 15, 1965: First close-up photographs of another planet
NASA's Mariner 4 became the first man-made object to successfully fly by Mars. It transmitted 21 images of the Martian surface, which showed deep craters (like those on the surface of the moon) and no signs of life.
Feb. 3, 1966: First soft landing on another celestial body
Russia's Luna 9 accomplished a lunar landing by deploying a landing bag to survive the impact. The unmanned spacecraft landed undamaged near the Oceanus Procellarum and the on-board television camera system took photographs of the surface. This was the first time photos were transmitted to Earth from the surface of another celestial object.
SpaceX Falcon Heavy: Why everyone should watch this night launch from Kennedy Space Center
The first night launch for SpaceX's Falcon Heavy rocket from Kennedy Space Center is scheduled for 11:30 p.m. Monday night.
Dec. 25, 1968: First manned mission escapes Earth's orbit
Apollo 8 departed from Earth's orbit at 6:10:17 UTC, going into lunar orbit and circling it 10 times. Commander Frank Borman, Command Module Pilot James Lovell and Lunar Module Pilot William Anders marked a list of firsts that include: first humans to see the Earth as a whole, enter the gravitational force of another celestial object, to photograph Earth from space, see the far side of the moon and see an Earthrise.
July 20, 1969: First man on the moon
Apollo 11 Mission Commander Neil Armstrong made history when he set foot on the moon. Along with astronaut Buzz Aldrin (pictured), Armstrong landed the lunar module at 20:18 UTC and, six hours later, stepped outside. He was joined by Aldrin some 20 minutes later. Armstrong and Aldrin also became the first humans to take pictures on and off the moon.
Nov. 17, 1970: First lunar rover lands
Lunokhod 1 was the first of two unmanned rovers launched by the Soviet Union. Weighing 1,667 pounds (756 kilograms), it landed in the Mare Imbrium (also called Sea of Showers or Sea of Rains).
April 19, 1971: First space station
The Soviets launched the first space station of any kind, the Salyut 1 (R), to conduct tests and scientific research in low-Earth orbit. An accident on Soyuz 11 forced the Soviets to halt their space missions as their capsules had to be redesigned. This took too long and it was decided to terminate the Salyut 1 after 175 days.
Apollo 11 astronaut Buzz Aldrin recalls first moments on the moon on 50th anniversary of mission
"To me, it was the dream we had all signed up to chase, what we had imagined, worked and trained for, the apex of national service to a country we unabashedly loved," Buzz Aldrin said.
(Pictured) Artist's rendering of a Soyuz space craft docking with Salyut 1.
July 15, 1972: First mission to leave the inner Solar System
The Pioneer 10, launched on March 2, 1972, became the first spacecraft to enter the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter. It would become the first to fly by Jupiter in December 1973.
(Pictured) Artist's rendering of Pioneer 10 moving away from the sun.
July 15, 1975: First international manned mission launches
The Apollo-Soyuz Test Project's aim was the first joint U.S.-Soviet spaceflight. With a mission to develop space rescue capability, the American unnumbered Apollo module and Soviet Soyuz 19 docked with each other in space on July 17, 1975, marking the first such link-up of spacecraft from the two nations. The mission also marked the end of the Space Race.
Oct. 22, 1975: First photos from the surface of another planet
The Venera 9 unmanned Soviet mission, that launched in June 8, 1975, became the first spacecraft to orbit Venus. The craft landed near the Beta Regio area on the planet and took images of the Venusian surface that were transmitted to the Earth.
April 12, 1981: First reusable shuttle launches
NASA’s maiden orbiter, Space Shuttle Columbia, was launched with two crew members – John W. Young and Robert L. Crippen. The mission was called STS-1 and Columbia orbited the Earth 37 times before landing at Edwards Air Force Base in California, U.S., on April 14, 1981, becoming the first reusable, manned spacecraft.
Feb. 7, 1984: First untethered spacewalk
American astronaut Bruce McCandless II used the Manned Maneuvering Unit (an astronaut rocket pack) to venture 98 meters (320 feet) from Space Shuttle Challenger.
July 25, 1984: First woman to walk in space
Cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya conducted an extravehicular activity (EVA) for over three hours, cutting and welding metal outside the Salyut 7 space station. She is, to date, the only Soviet woman to walk in space.
President Nixon had this 'Moon Disaster' speech ready in case Apollo 11 astronauts died
President Nixon's 'In Event of Moon Disaster' remarks, prepared by speechwriter William Safire, are chilling to read.
Jan. 28, 1986: Challenger explosion
Space Shuttle Challenger started breaking up 73 seconds after lift-off. It exploded shortly after, killing all seven crew members on-board, including school teacher Christa McAuliffe; she was a civilian selected from thousands of applications for the NASA Teacher in Space Project.
(Pictured, clockwise from L) Ellison Onizuka, McAuliffe, Gregory Jarvis, Judith Resnik, Ronald McNair, Francis "Dick" Scobee and Michael J. Smith
Feb. 19, 1986: First long-term space station
Mir’s Base Block was launched into orbit by a Soviet Proton launcher, becoming the world’s first modular space station – assembled over the 10 years it was orbiting Earth. During its 15 years of service, it remained the largest artificial satellite in orbit.
Feb. 14, 1990: First photograph of the whole solar system
The Voyager 1, launched in 1977, took the first ever "family portrait" of the solar system. It was a mosaic of 60 images that only showed six planets since Mercury was too close to the sun to be seen, Mars could not be detected by the camera and Pluto was too small. The sun was seen in the center as just a point of light.
March 22, 1995: Longest human space flight
Cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov lived aboard Mir Space Station for just over 437 days continuously. His combined space time, over multiple missions, is more than 22 months. His residency was helpful for scientists to study biomedical effects of long-term spaceflight.
July 4, 1997: First operational rover on another planet
Mars Pathfinder took four minutes to enter the Martian atmosphere and land in the Ares Vallis region. It deployed the Sojourner Rover soon after, which conducted experiments to analyze the atmosphere, climate and geology of the planet.
Nov. 20, 1998: Largest man-made object in space
The first module of the International Space Station (ISS) was launched by a Russian Proton rocket. The world's first multinational space station would continue to grow over subsequent missions until it became the largest man-made object in Earth's orbit and the largest satellite of Earth. The station has also been continuously occupied for more than 16 years, making it the longest continuous human presence in space.
March 6, 2009: First space telescope
A Delta II rocket carried Kepler, NASA’s first planet-hunting spacecraft, on its mission to look for Earth-like exoplanets. It would orbit the Sun every 372 days, observing an area and selecting stars for further study.
(Pictured) Artist's rendering of Kepler spacecraft.
April 28, 2001: First space tourist
American millionaire and engineer Dennis Tito flew to the ISS on the Soyuz TM-32. He is believed to have paid $20 million and returned safely after an eight-day trip.
Feb. 12, 2001: First landing on an asteroid
The NEAR-Shoemaker space probe's mission to Asteroid 433 Eros started in 1996 and ended with the probe landing on its surface. It collected data on the asteroid's composition and magnetic field, with the last data signal being received by NASA on Feb. 28, 2001.
(Pictured) Visualization of 433 Eros.
May 22, 2012: First private company in space
SpaceX’s Falcon 9 delivered the unmanned Dragon cargo spacecraft into orbit so that it could rendezvous with the International Space Station. The Dragon was also the first American vehicle to visit the International Space Station since the end of the space shuttle program.
(Pictured) The Dragon craft is grappled by ISS' robotic arm.
Nov. 12, 2014: First comet landing
The European Space Agency’s Rosetta probe reached the orbit of comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko on Aug. 6, 2014, and its lander module Philae successfully landed on the comet’s surface.
July 14, 2015: Last encounter with one of nine original planets
New Horizons space probe, launched in 2006, performed its closest flyby of Pluto, becoming the first interplanetary space probe to reach and observe the dwarf planet.
Aug. 10, 2015: Fresh food is harvested in space
After decades of eating Earth-packed food, NASA astronauts aboard the ISS managed to grow, harvest and eat red romaine lettuce in space. They cleaned the greens with citric acid-based wipes before eating them.
March 2, 2016: First ISS year-long mission ends
Russian astronaut Mikhail Kornienko (R) and American Scott Kelly recorded the longest time in space for ISS crew members after their 340-day mission. They were part of a program to study the health effects of long-term spaceflight.
Feb. 15, 2017: 104 satellites launched at once
The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) blasted off 101 smaller nano satellites and three Indian satellites in one go. The combined payload of 3,040 lbs (1,380 kgs) was aboard the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV).
March 30, 2017: First reusable orbital rocket launched and landed
SpaceX sent a previously used Falcon 9 into space, carrying communication satellites. The first stage of the rocket had been used in an April 2016 NASA mission. It successfully returned to Earth and landed on a drone ship in the Atlantic Ocean.
Feb. 6, 2018: SpaceX tests the most powerful launch vehicle in operation
The private space company successfully completed the flight of the Falcon Heavy that can lift up to 141,000 pounds (64 metric tons) – a mass greater than a 737 fully-loaded jetliner. During its demo flight, the huge rocket launched Elon Musk’s cherry-red Tesla Roadster and its dummy astronaut, "Starman" (pictured), into orbit around the sun.
Oct. 29, 2018: Closest man-made object to the Sun
The Parker Solar Probe became the closest ever man-made object to the sun. The record of 26.55 million miles (42.73 million kilometers) was previously held by the Helios 2 spacecraft, which was launched jointly by NASA and Germany’s DFVLR. The Parker probe is expected to approach within 4.3 million miles (6.9 million kilometers) from the center of the sun and the mission goals include understanding the flow of energy around the corona (outer layer of the sun’s atmosphere).
(Pictured) United Launch Alliance Delta IV Heavy rocket launching Parker Solar Probe at Cape Canaveral in Florida, U.S. on Aug. 12, 2018.
Jan. 1, 2019: NASA explores furthest point in space
NASA spacecraft New Horizons traveled to Ultima Thule, a trans-Neptunian object located four billion miles (6.5 billion kilometers) from Earth. The journey, which was made in six hours and eight minutes, marks the furthest point in space humanity has explored to date. Photographs sent back from the flyby – the space craft was 2,200 miles (3,500 kilometers) away – show two sphere-like objects fused together. The largest is believed to be 21 miles (33 kilometers) long.
(Pictured) This image made available by NASA on Jan. 2, 2019, shows the size and shape of the object Ultima Thule.
Jan. 3, 2019: China lands probe on far side of the moon
On this day, the Chinese government claimed to have successfully landed a space probe on the far side of the moon. The probe – Chang’e-4 – landed in the South Pole-Aitken Basin, according to a statement issued by country's space agency. The event now means China is one of only three countries in the world to have made soft-landings on the moon – the other two are the U.S. and the former Soviet Union.
On Jan. 15, 2019, China National Space Administration revealed that seeds taken up to the moon by Chang'e-4 have sprouted, marking the first time any biological matter has grown there. "Learning about these plants' growth in a low-gravity environment would allow us to lay the foundation for our future establishment of space base," said Professor Xie Gengxin, the experiment's chief designer.
(Pictured) This photo, provided on Jan. 3, 2019, by China National Space Administration, shows the Chang'e-4 probe during its landing process.
Both programs have been slammed with delays and setbacks, and neither the Starliner nor Crew Dragon has carried a human off Earth at this point. SpaceX sent an empty Crew Dragon to the International Space Station, which is a meaningful milestone, but an explosion (sorry, “anomaly”) threw its progress into question. It seemed to open the door for Boeing to take the lead and be the first to fulfill its pledge to NASA. However, if the dates issued in a new planning schedule hold true, SpaceX will be the first to carry NASA crew into space.
As NASASpaceflight.com explains, the dates are far from being set in stone, and they’re not even considered official target dates at this point. The dates in the report are based entirely on the available windows within which the space station could receive the spacecraft and when crew would be available to ride aboard them.
Still, while the dates aren’t even close to being set in stone, they show that NASA has some serious faith in SpaceX to correct whatever issue caused the explosion of its Crew Dragon during testing and get its program back on track swiftly. Perhaps even more than that, it shows that NASA doesn’t think Boeing’s Starliner will be ready to carry humans any time soon.
President Nixon had this 'Moon Disaster' speech ready in case Apollo 11 astronauts died.
President Nixon's 'In Event of Moon Disaster' remarks, prepared by speechwriter William Safire, are chilling to read.