Technology: U.S. Unleashes Military to Fight Fake News, Disinformation - PressFrom - US
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TechnologyU.S. Unleashes Military to Fight Fake News, Disinformation

00:40  01 september  2019
00:40  01 september  2019 Source:   bloomberg.com

Trump unleashes on Fox News: 'They forgot the people who got them there'

Trump unleashes on Fox News: 'They forgot the people who got them there' President Trump slammed Fox News and its reporting in a series of tweets Sunday evening, claiming the conservative network is "changing fast" and being staffed with Democrats. "Watching @FoxNews weekend anchors is worse than watching low ratings Fake News @CNN, or Lyin' Brian Williams," the president said. "But @FoxNews, who failed in getting the very BORING Dem debates, is now loading up with Democrats & even using Fake unsourced @nytimes as a 'source' of information (ask the Times what they paid for the Boston Globe, & what they sold it for (lost 1.

Executive summary. Journalism is in a state of considerable flux. New digital platforms have unleashed innovative journalistic practices that enable novel forms of communication and greater global reach than at any point in human history.

“ Disinformation is part of Russian military doctrine and its strategy to divide and weaken the west. Russia spends €1.1bn a year on pro-Kremlin media. It will also press technology companies to play their part in cracking down on fake news . Major social media platforms have already signed up to a

(Bloomberg) -- Fake news and social media posts are such a threat to U.S. security that the Defense Department is launching a project to repel “large-scale, automated disinformation attacks,” as the top Republican in Congress blocks efforts to protect the integrity of elections.

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency wants custom software that can unearth fakes hidden among more than 500,000 stories, photos, video and audio clips. If successful, the system after four years of trials may expand to detect malicious intent and prevent viral fake news from polarizing society.

Lawmakers, experts see combatting Russian disinformation as a 'battle'

Lawmakers, experts see combatting Russian disinformation as a 'battle' House Appropriations Committee Chairwoman Nita Lowey (D-N.Y.) is describing the fight against Russian efforts to spread disinformation on social media as a conflict that the U.S. has "got to win."At a Wednesday hearing, Lowey referenced the U.S. women's soccer team's World Cup win, saying: "We won the USA soccer match, I can't believe that how difficult it is that we can't win this battle."The comments came during a House Appropriations subcommittee hearing on countering Russian disinformation and malign influence on social media and other communications platforms, particularly attempts to interfere in U.S. elections. Rep. Lois Frankel (D-Fla.

STENGEL: Thank you. FASKIANOS: —on combating disinformation and fake news . And then from the platform side, because the U . S . doesn’t have laws about hate speech, you may go to Germany and get a fundamentally different set of returns when you type in certain keywords because they have

Ukraine. US Army. How to Fight Fake News (#infosec). A team of U . S . Army researchers recently joined an international group of scientists in Chernihiv, Ukraine, to initiate a first-of-its-kind global science and technology research program to understand and ultimately combat disinformation

“A decade ago, today’s state-of-the-art would have registered as sci-fi — that’s how fast the improvements have come,” said Andrew Grotto at the Center for International Security at Stanford University. “There is no reason to think the pace of innovation will slow any time soon.”

U.S. officials have been working on plans to prevent outside hackers from flooding social channels with false information ahead of the 2020 election. The drive has been hindered by Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell’s refusal to consider election-security legislation. Critics have labeled him #MoscowMitch, saying he left the U.S. vulnerable to meddling by Russia, prompting his retort of “modern-day McCarthyism.”

Risk Factor

President Donald Trump has repeatedly rejected allegations that dubious content on platforms like Facebook, Twitter and Google aided his election win. Hillary Clinton supporters claimed a flood of fake items may have helped sway the results in 2016.

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But in this disinformation age, this cyber-age – people often look at cyber as something that’ s separate. Actually, it’ s completely relevant to every other different part of our services.” Williamson has previously spoken about the threat Russian disinformation poses to the UK, saying after the

Trump' s State Department lacks money, clear mandate to fight Russian disinformation , ' fake news '. A new agency created to counter Russian disinformation In this photo taken on Monday, July 16, 2018, Russian President Vladimir Putin gestures while speaking at the joint press conference with U . S

How Russia Meddling Became Social Media’s Problem: QuickTake Q&A

“The risk factor is social media being abused and used to influence the elections,” Syracuse University assistant professor of communications Jennifer Grygiel said in a telephone interview. “It’s really interesting that Darpa is trying to create these detection systems but good luck is what I say. It won’t be anywhere near perfect until there is legislative oversight. There’s a huge gap and that’s a concern.”

False news stories and so-called deepfakes are increasingly sophisticated and making it more difficult for data-driven software to spot. AI imagery has advanced in recent years and is now used by Hollywood, the fashion industry and facial recognition systems. Researchers have shown that these generative adversarial networks -- or GANs -- can be used to create fake videos.

Famously, Oscar-winning filmmaker Jordan Peele created a fake video of former President Barack Obama talking about the Black Panthers, Ben Carson, and making an alleged slur against Trump, to highlight the risk of trusting material online.

Facebook cracks down on more accounts tied to Myanmar's military

Facebook cracks down on more accounts tied to Myanmar's military It's the fourth time Facebook has removed Myanmar accounts for "coordinated inauthentic behavior."

Were disinformation campaigns in the Italian elections caused by marketers? Defending our democracies from disinformation campaigns should be top priority for every EU institution. But publicly ignoring civil society and repeating the self-regulation mantra suggests the opposite.

He’ s charged with countering Russian disinformation across the globe from his perch in a small corner of the State Department. He also has to worry about distortions and meddling from Iran, China, and North Korea – along with anti-American messages from extremist terrorist groups.

After the 2016 election, Facebook Chief Executive Officer Mark Zuckerberg played down fake news as a challenge for the world’s biggest social media platform. He later signaled that he took the problem seriously and would let users flag content and enable fact-checkers to label stories in dispute. These judgments subsequently prevented stories being turned into paid advertisements, which were one key avenue toward viral promotion.

In June, Zuckerberg said Facebook made an “execution mistake” when it didn’t act fast enough to identify a doctored video of House Speaker Nancy Pelosi in which her speech was slurred and distorted.

“Where things get especially scary is the prospect of malicious actors combining different forms of fake content into a seamless platform,” Grotto said. “Researchers can already produce convincing fake videos, generate persuasively realistic text, and deploy chatbots to interact with people. Imagine the potential persuasive impact on vulnerable people that integrating these technologies could have: an interactive deepfake of an influential person engaged in AI-directed propaganda on a bot-to-person basis.”

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The U . S . military is gearing up to fight “ fake news ,” but this “ fake news ” has nothing to do with the politically charged rhetoric, mostly aimed against President Kyle Rempfer at the Military Times warns: “The emerging technology could be used to generate Kompromat – short for compromising

Filter bubbles and fake news exist because all of us tend to ignore facts and stick to our own social enclaves online. To heal the division in America, we must fix one of Social media may help spread disinformation —users may dig in their heels when challenged on a false claim, ignore facts, and try

By increasing the number algorithm checks, the military research agency hopes it can spot fake news with malicious intent before going viral.

“A comprehensive suite of semantic inconsistency detectors would dramatically increase the burden on media falsifiers, requiring the creators of falsified media to get every semantic detail correct, while defenders only need to find one, or a very few, inconsistencies,” the agency said in its Aug. 23 concept document for the Semantic Forensics program.

Semantic Errors

The agency added: “These SemaFor technologies will help identify, deter, and understand adversary disinformation campaigns.”

Current surveillance systems are prone to “semantic errors.” An example, according to the agency, is software not noticing mismatched earrings in a fake video or photo. Other indicators, which may be noticed by humans but missed by machines, include weird teeth, messy hair and unusual backgrounds.

Deepfakes Can Help You Dance, But They’re Not Always So Innocent

The algorithm testing process will include an ability to scan and evaluate 250,000 news articles and 250,000 social media posts, with 5,000 fake items in the mix. The program has three phases over 48 months, initially covering news and social media, before an analysis begins of technical propaganda. The project will also include week-long “hackathons.”

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The U . S . military has numerous teams and major funding directed toward fighting cyber adversaries, with serious resources dedicated to protecting They come under different names and in different flavors — fake news , disinformation , political astroturfing, influence operations, etc,” Kott said.

The focus on fighting fake news in Kenya stands in contrast to what' s happening in the United States, where President Donald Trump uses the term to denigrate credible The campaign also comes as the U . S . has been warning Kenya' s government about worrisome restrictions on the legitimate news media.

Program manager Matt Turek discussed the program on Thursday in Arlington, Virginia, with potential software designers. Darpa didn’t provide an on-the-record comment.

Tech Gap

The agency also has an existing research program underway, called MediFor, which is trying to plug a technological gap in image authentication, as no end-to-end system can verify manipulation of images taken by digital cameras and smartphones.

“Mirroring this rise in digital imagery is the associated ability for even relatively unskilled users to manipulate and distort the message of the visual media,” according to the agency’s website. “While many manipulations are benign, performed for fun or for artistic value, others are for adversarial purposes, such as propaganda or misinformation campaigns.”

With a four-year project scale for SemaFor, the next election will have come and gone before the system is operational.

“This timeline is too slow and I wonder if it is a bit of PR,” Grygiel said. “Educating the public on media literacy, along with legislation, is what is important. But elected officials lack motivation themselves for change, and there is a conflict of interest as they are using these very platforms to get elected.”

To contact the reporter on this story: Pete Norman in London at [email protected]

To contact the editors responsible for this story: Andrew Davis at [email protected], Sara Marley, Steve Geimann

For more articles like this, please visit us at bloomberg.com

©2019 Bloomberg L.P.

BBC, tech giants will fight fake news with an 'early warning system'.
Tech companies know disinformation remains a major threat, and they're forming an alliance with a media giant to help fight the online spread of falsehoods. The BBC has partnered with Facebook, Google and Twitter on a strategy to fight fake news and other disinformation campaigns. The effort will include an "early warning system" that lets organizations tell each other when they find false content that "threatens human life or disrupts democracy." Ideally, this helps companies quickly neuter disinformation before it has much of a chance to spread.

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