Technology: What happens to tech workers when their skills become obsolete? - The digital is not only destroying jobs, it will also create - PressFrom - US

TechnologyWhat happens to tech workers when their skills become obsolete?

12:35  06 september  2019
12:35  06 september  2019 Source:

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As automated technology continues to replace human labor, the traditional definition of "average" work is becoming outdated. The skills required to get and keep a job are changing dynamically and For younger generations, exposure to technology began at birth and the relationship is intimately personal.

Jobs won’t entirely disappear; many will simply be redefined. But people will likely lack new skillsets required for new roles and be out of work anyway.

In 2010, Steve Jobs announced in a blog post that Apple would no longer support Adobe Flash. At the time, Flash was a popular development tool for creating animations, web games, and other internet applications. Shortly after his announcement, the use of Flash would decline steeply—in 2011, 28.5% of websites used Flash, while last year, just under 3% of websites were using the technology, according to tech-usage survey site W3Techs.

What happens to tech workers when their skills become obsolete?© Provided by Atlantic Media, Inc.

While it’s clear that Apple’s decision would have a sweeping impact on Flash, what about all those tech workers who had invested time and money in building up their expertise in Flash?

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The rapid rise in technology and machines has some experts predicting that workers could become obsolete . Precision fitters and assemblers at work in the Ministry of Labour Training Centre at Waddon, England on May 19, 1931. Here, in a large factory building, miners from the depressed

Lifelong programmers must keep their skills up to date, but they are in a race against time in a For each skill a STEM professional learns, another becomes obsolete , leaving little chance for 2017 data on age vs. salaries for tech workers . Courtesy of One way coders can get off the

Until now, there has been little evidence on how individual workers adjust when a specific skill declines. But a new working paper from economists John J. Horton, an assistant professor at MIT Sloan School of Management, and Prasanna Tambe, an associate professor at University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School, suggests the labor market has the capacity for great resilience.

Their research shows that while demand for Flash skills declined after Jobs’s announcement, there was very little impact on Flash specialists in terms of wages or competition for job openings, even when hours were reduced. There was also no evidence that employers were flooded with applications from out-of-work Flash programmers.

Wages changed very little due in part to how rapidly workers adapted to the change and were quick to pursue other skills according to the researchers. The findings suggest that when their skills became obsolete, the IT workers who adjusted were thinking about the long term and were capable of learning by doing.

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What happens when the sun sets on you, dear Reader? When the clever things you did in your All skills become commoditized, all positions of influence and domination decrease over time Airbnb's former CMO left his high-profile job to help tech brands like Pinterest and Uber find their purpose

Originally Answered: What happens programmers when they become obsolete ? You are actually asking something like this: "What will Those few usually get shaken out long before their specific technical skills become obsolete . Plus, when you understand the basic ideas, the technical skills

Move fast, think long-term

As demand for Flash skilled starts to fall, “forward-thinking” workers began applying to jobs that were more unlike jobs they had worked in the past. Although building up their Flash skills had required investments—mainly in time put into on-the-job training—workers were quick to abandon skills with no perceived future, the researchers found.

In a survey of Flash workers, respondents reported that, after Jobs’ announcement, their primary career strategy was to learn new skills by taking on projects they wished to learn. They regarded the “learn-while-you-learn” strategy as being more important than traditional approaches such as reading books or taking classes. (This insight was backed up by the researchers’ findings when they examined websites like Stack Overflow, the popular software-engineering forum, to see how workers went about picking up new skills.)

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But their business model could have an impact on the millions of workers -- engineers, designers, programmers, marketers, personal assistants, and others -- as more corporations Services such as these are often touted as creating "new" jobs or offering individuals ways to supplement their income.

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But those surveyed also reported being wary of choosing the wrong skill in which to specialize next. To reduce such risks, workers reported that they depended on information from other programmers, technical discussion boards, and signals from industry leaders at large technology companies for a sense of which technology would be the new standard in their field—showing the great influence tech companies can have on workers’ career choices.

While illustrating what happened to Flash workers, the research does not necessarily represent common experiences of IT workers. And while the “learning-by-doing” approach may help programmers easily transition to another skill, this strategy doesn’t necessarily apply to other sectors. Those who learn Flash or similar programming skills may have other attributes that make them particularly adaptable or well-suited to the “learn-by-doing” approach.

Where does formal education play a role?

As the IT workforce continues to expand—standing at 4.6 million workers in 2016 versus 450,000 in 1970the research suggests that “learning-by-doing” will play a bigger role in a rapidly changing economy. But this also brings up the question of where education plays a role—and whether formal education can catch up with the rapid rise of new technologies.

The “learning-by-doing” approach in the Flash workers’ scenario highlights the value of coding schools and boot camps designed to teach students in-demand skills in as little as eight weeks. And whereas traditional educational environments tend to view their curriculum as having an end date (generally aligned with their students’ graduation), Lambda School co-founder Austin Allred envisions students coming back to his coding school every eight years or so to learn new skills.

“We’re built to be a school for life-long learning, not just a one-time school,” he says. “Change is happening so quickly, you can’t study one thing and be set forever.”

Read More

Google CEO and Ivanka Trump announce plan to teach workers tech skills .
The search giant signed the White House's "Pledge to America's Workers."Pichai also said Google will sign the "Pledge to America's Workers," an effort by the White House to "expand programs that educate, train, and reskill American workers from high-school age to near-retirement." He also said Google's program for certifying IT professionals will expand to 100 U.S. community colleges by the end of 2020.

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