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TechnologyElectric Eel Species With Most Powerful Shock Ever Discovered in Amazon

10:36  11 september  2019
10:36  11 september  2019 Source:   newsweek.com

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A new species of electric eel with the most powerful shock of any animal ever discovered has been found in the Amazon . The creature is one of three species now confirmed to exist—for the last 250 years, since electric eels were first identified, it was thought there was just one species in the genus.

Two new electric eel species have been identified in the Amazon basin, including one fish with a record-breaking shock , scientists say. Researchers had previously identified only one species of electric eel in more than 250 years of studying the creatures that lurk in South American waters and

A new species of electric eel with the most powerful shock of any animal ever discovered has been found in the Amazon. The creature is one of three species now confirmed to exist—for the last 250 years, since electric eels were first identified, it was thought there was just one species in the genus.

Electric Eel Species With Most Powerful Shock Ever Discovered in Amazon© L. Sousa Electrophorus voltai is a new species of electric eel. It can generate a 850 volt discharge—the most of any animal ever discovered.

In a study published in Nature Communications, researchers led by C. David de Santana, from the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History, analyzed over 100 fish collected across Greater Amazonia over recent years to find out if it is indeed just one species.

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One of the newly discovered species , Electrophorus voltai, can discharge up to 860 volts of electricity — much more than the 650 volts generated by VOICEOVER (in English): "A new study published in Nature Communications details the discovery of two new electric eel species living in the Amazon

Published September 12. World’s most powerful electric eel discovered , can generate 860-volt shock . Lurking in the waters of the Amazon basin is a new species of electric eel that scientists say can generate a greater electrical discharge than any other known animal.

The electric eel—which is not a true eel, but rather a South American knifefish—can generate pulses of electricity it pushes through water to shock prey and defend itself. The ability of animals to produce electricity is known as bioelectrogenesis. Other species known to possess this ability include certain catfish, stargazers and rays. The electric eel, however, generates the biggest voltage—around 650 volts.

In the study, Santana and colleagues looked at the morphology of the electric eels collected, performed an analysis of their DNA and examined their geographical and ecological distributions.

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AMAZON BASIN, BRAZIL — Scientists have found a powerful new species of electric eel that can deliver electrical jolts greater than any other known animal.

TOKYO -- Call it a shock discovery : DNA research has revealed two entirely new species of electric eel in the Amazon basin, including one capable of The research "indicates that an enormous amount of species are waiting to be discovered in the Amazon rainforest, many of which may harbour cures

Findings revealed not one but three distinct species of eel, which they have named Electrophorus electricus, Electrophorus varii and Electrophorus voltai. The latter was found to produce the biggest shock of all, reaching 850 volts. This is the biggest discharge produced by any bioelectrogenetic animal ever recorded. Each species was found to have individualized skulls, pectoral fins and arrangement of pores across its body.

The three were found to have slightly different ranges—E. electricus is generally found in the Guiana Shield, E. varii and the Amazon basin lowlands, while E. voltai tended to be found in the Brazilian Shield. The three creatures split from a common ancestor during the Miocene and Pliocene (23 to 2.5 million years ago), researchers say. E. varii split off around 7.1 million years ago, while E. voltai and E. electricus diverged about 3.6 million years ago—a time when the Amazon River changed course. The scientists think E. voltai's higher voltage is an adaptation because it lives in highland waters that are less conductive.

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Call it a shock discovery : DNA research has revealed two entirely new species of electric eel in the Amazon basin, including one capable of delivering The research "indicates that an enormous amount of species are waiting to be discovered in the Amazon rainforest, many of which may harbour cures

A NEW species of electric eel capable of delivering an electric shock three times that of a The eight feet long Electrophorus voltai is the world's most powerful electric eel and is capable of “If you can discover a new 8ft-long fish after 250 years of exploration, can you imagine what remains to be

In a statement, Santana said the discovery of the new species could provide an insight into a new system for electrogenesis—when it was discovered, the electric eel helped inspire the design of the first-ever battery. "It could really have different enzymes, different compounds that could be used in medicine or could inspire new technology," he said.

"These fish grow to be seven to eight feet long. They're really conspicuous. If you can discover a new eight-foot-long fish after 250 years of scientific exploration, can you imagine what remains to be discovered in that region?"

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