Technology Nobel Prize in medicine goes to scientists who uncover how our cells use oxygen
Peebles, Mayor and Queloz win 2019 Nobel Prize for physics
Scientists James Peebles, Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz won the 2019 Nobel Prize for Physics for ground-breaking work in astronomy, the award-giving body said on Tuesday. Peebles was awarded half the prize while Mayor and Queloz shared the other half."This year's Laureates have transformed our ideas about the cosmos," the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said on awarding the 9 million Swedish crown ($910,000) prize.
Three scientists, two American and one British, won the 2019 Nobel Prize for physiology and medicine for discovering how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability. The findings could lead to new strategies to fight anemia, cancer and many other diseases.
The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institute on Monday awarded the joint prize to William G. Kaelin, Jr. of Harvard University, Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe of Oxford University and Gregg L. Semenza of Johns Hopkins University.
Nobel week continues with the Chemistry Prize
STOCKHOLM (AP) — The 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry will be announced Wednesday, a day after the Physics award was given to a Canadian-American cosmologist and two Swiss scientists. © Provided by The Associated Press FILE - In this Monday, Dec. 10, 2018 file photo, a bust of the Nobel Prize founder, Alfred Nobel on display at the Concert Hall during the Nobel Prize award ceremony in Stockholm. Controversy stalks the Nobel prizes for peace and literature in a way it rarely does for science. The revamped panel at the Swedish Academy who will hand out the Nobel literature prizes Thursday Oct.
The team identified molecular machinery that regulates the activity of genes in response to, according to the Nobel Assembly. The researchers established the basis of understanding of how oxygen levels affect cellular metabolism and physiological function, and are trying to develop new drugs that can either prevent or activate the oxygen-regulated machinery.
The 2019 Nobel Prize in Medicine for Oxygen
Research Scientists' research on adapting cells to a variable supply of oxygen could open up new prospects for treating cancer and anemia.
TheNobel Prize in Medicine was awarded on October 7, 2019 to the Americans William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza and to the British Peter Ratcliffe for their research on the adaptation of cells to the variable oxygen supply . This work opens up perspectives for the treatment of cancer and .
The 2019- The Nobel Prize (@NobelPrize) in Physiology or Medicine has been awarded to William G. Kaelin Jr., Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza "for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability. "
Molecular Mechanisms Revealed
" The fundamental importance of oxygen has been known for centuries, but the process of adaptation cells with changes in oxygen level has long remained a mystery, "said the Nobel Assembly of the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm. "This year's Nobel Prize rewards work that has revealed the molecular mechanisms involved in adapting cells to the variable oxygen supply" in the body, she said.
Use this discovery to cure certain
cancers These mechanisms are also involved intumors, whose growth depends on the oxygen supply of the blood, especially certain fast-growing cancers such as liver, which consume so much blood. energy that they burn all the available oxygen around them.
"Intense efforts underway in university laboratories and pharmaceutical companies are now focusing on the development of drugs capable of interfering at different stages of a disease either by activating or blocking the mechanism of oxygen uptake", according to the Nobel Jury.
Nine million Swedish kroner
William Kaelin works at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute in the United States, Gregg Semenza leads the vascular research program at the John Hopkins Research Institute on Cellular Engineering. Peter Ratcliffe is the Director of Clinical Research at the Francis Crick Institute in London and the Oxford Target Discovery Institute.
The three winners will receive on December 10 a gold medal, a diploma and a check of nine million Swedish kronor (about 830,000 euros) that they will share.
In 2018, the price of medicine was returned tofor their research on immunotherapy, which proved particularly effective in the treatment of virulent cancers.
Ethiopian PM Abiy Ahmed wins 2019 Nobel Peace Prize .
Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed won the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize on Friday for his peacemaking efforts with Eritrea. © Reuters/Tiksa Negeri FILE PHOTO: Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed speaks at a news conference at his office in Addis Ababa Ethiopia and Eritrea, longtime foes who fought a border war from 1998 to 2000, restored relations in July 2018 after years of hostility. The prize, worth nine million Swedish crowns, or around $900,000, will be presented in Oslo on Dec. 10.
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