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Technology Nobel Prize in medicine goes to scientists who uncover how our cells use oxygen

21:30  07 october  2019
21:30  07 october  2019 Source:   cnet.com

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Three scientists, two American and one British, won the 2019 Nobel Prize for physiology and medicine for discovering how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability. The findings could lead to new strategies to fight anemia, cancer and many other diseases.

a group of people posing for a photo in front of a television: Three scientists win the 2019 Nobel Prize for physiology and medicine. JONATHAN NACKSTRAND/ Getty Images© Provided by CBS Interactive Inc. Three scientists win the 2019 Nobel Prize for physiology and medicine. JONATHAN NACKSTRAND/ Getty Images

The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institute on Monday awarded the joint prize to William G. Kaelin, Jr. of Harvard University, Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe of Oxford University and Gregg L. Semenza of Johns Hopkins University.

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The team identified molecular machinery that regulates the activity of genes in response to varying levels of oxygen, according to the Nobel Assembly. The researchers established the basis of understanding of how oxygen levels affect cellular metabolism and physiological function, and are trying to develop new drugs that can either prevent or activate the oxygen-regulated machinery.

a group of people posing for a photo in front of a television© CNET
  Nobel Prize in medicine goes to scientists who uncover how our cells use oxygen © Provided by CBS Interactive Inc.
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'Big Bang Theory' gets shout out to Nobel Prize announcement .
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