Technology: 10 uses for the Nobel-prize winning lithium ion battery - PressFrom - US
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Technology 10 uses for the Nobel-prize winning lithium ion battery

18:55  09 october  2019
18:55  09 october  2019 Source:   usatoday.com

Nobel Prize in medicine goes to scientists who uncover how our cells use oxygen

  Nobel Prize in medicine goes to scientists who uncover how our cells use oxygen The discovery could mean new treatments for diseases.The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institute on Monday awarded the joint prize to William G. Kaelin, Jr. of Harvard University, Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe of Oxford University and Gregg L. Semenza of Johns Hopkins University.

Lithium - ion batteries have become a staple in modern electronics. Introduced commercially in 1991, their light weight and high energy efficiency let electronics manufacturers stuff them into mobile phones, portable computers, and cameras. But since the batteries are also stackable into large arrays and

The rechargeable lithium - ion battery powers most of our devices from smartphones to laptops to electric cars. John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino will share this year's Nobel " for the development of lithium - ion batteries ," the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said

Our smartphones, tablets and laptops would probably be worthless without them.

Nobel week continues with the Chemistry Prize

  Nobel week continues with the Chemistry Prize STOCKHOLM (AP) — The 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry will be announced Wednesday, a day after the Physics award was given to a Canadian-American cosmologist and two Swiss scientists. © Provided by The Associated Press FILE - In this Monday, Dec. 10, 2018 file photo, a bust of the Nobel Prize founder, Alfred Nobel on display at the Concert Hall during the Nobel Prize award ceremony in Stockholm. Controversy stalks the Nobel prizes for peace and literature in a way it rarely does for science. The revamped panel at the Swedish Academy who will hand out the Nobel literature prizes Thursday Oct.

Scientists John Goodenough, Stanley Whittingham, and Akira Yoshino won the 2019 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for the development of lithium - ion Whittingham developed the first functional lithium battery in the early 1970s. Goodenough doubled the battery 's potential in the following decade and

“ Lithium - ion batteries have revolutionized our lives and are used in everything from mobile phones to laptops and electric vehicles,” the Nobel Prize committee said in a statement following the announcement. “Through their work, this year’s Chemistry laureates have laid the foundation of a

The lithium-ion battery is a technological breakthrough that helped its creators earn the Nobel Prize in Chemistry on Wednesday.

"They created a rechargeable world," according to a statement from the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the presenters of the Nobel.

The prizes come with a $918,000 cash award, a gold medal and a diploma.

Since entering the market in 1991, lithium-ion batteries have "laid the foundation of a wireless, fossil-fuel-free society, and are of the greatest benefit to humankind," the Nobel committee said in a statement.

'A rechargeable world': Scientists win Nobel Prize in Chemistry for work on lithium-ion batteries

When were lithium-ion batteries created?

Stanley Whittingham, a distinguished professor of chemistry at Binghamton University, created the foundation of the lithium-ion battery in the 1970s during the oil crisis. Although that battery could hold up to 2 volts of energy (most modern batteries are 1.5 volts), it was too explosive to be viable, the Nobel committee said.

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry has been awarded to John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino

  The Nobel Prize in Chemistry has been awarded to John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino The 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry has been awarded to John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham, and Akira Yoshino for their research in improving battery technology. © JONATHAN NACKSTRAND/AFP/AFP/Getty Images The Nobel Prize takes its name from Swedish inventor and scholar Alfred Nobel. The trio will share the prize for their work on "the development of lithium-ion batteries," according to the Nobel committee."Lithium-ion batteries have revolutionized our lives and are used in everything from mobile phones to laptops and electric vehicles," tweeted the committee.

The Nobel committee said the lithium - ion battery has its roots in the oil crisis in the 1970s 10 — the anniversary of Nobel ’s death in 1896 — in Stockholm and in Oslo, Norway. Lithium - ion batteries have revolutionised our lives and are used in everything from mobile phones to laptops and electric vehicles.

The Nobel committee said the lithium - ion battery has its roots in the oil crisis in the 1970s, when Whittingham was working to develop methods aimed at leading to fossil fuel-free energy technologies. 10 — the anniversary of Nobel ’s death in 1896 — in Stockholm and in Oslo, Norway.

In 1980, John B. Goodenough of the University of Texas-Austin, created a component better at handling lithium ions, or charged lithium atoms that have lost one of their three electrons.This led to more powerful batteries.

Five years later, Akira Yoshino of Asahi Kasei Corp. and Meijo University in Japan, created the first commercially viable lithium-ion battery.

How do they work?

According to the Department of Energy, a lithium-ion battery has an anode and a cathode,  or electric conductors we know as the "-" and "+" ends of a battery, that store lithium; an electrolyte and a separator that help in the distribution of lithium ions through the battery; and collectors for positive and negative electrical currents.

When a lithium-ion battery discharges, a flow of ions is created from the anode to the cathode, generating power. When you charge the battery, the flow reverses from the cathode to the anode.

Pioneers of lithium-ion batteries win the 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

  Pioneers of lithium-ion batteries win the 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry This year's Nobel Prize in Chemistry has been awarded to three scientists credited with the invention of the rechargeable lithium-ion battery. John B Goodenough of the University of Texas at Austin, M Stanley Whittingham of Binghamton University and Akira Yoshino of Meijo University will receive equal shares of the 9m Swedish kronor ($905,000) prize, which was announced today by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm. RechargeableRechargeable lithium-ion batteries can be found in pretty much everything from mobile phones to electric vehicles, and can store significant amounts of energy from solar and wind power.

Scientists who invented lithium batteries that today power phones, laptops and tablets win the Nobel Prize The Nobel Committee said: ' Lithium - ion batteries have revolutionized our lives and are used in The laureates will receive them at an elegant ceremony in Stockholm on December 10 – the

Lithium - ion batteries are used globally to power the portable electronics that we use to communicate, work, study, listen to music and search for knowledge. Lithiumion batteries have also enabled the development of long-range electric cars and the storage of energy from renewable sources, such as

A critical piece of modern technology

The development of the lithium-ion battery was revolutionary in the tech world, powering devices such as mobile phones and laptops. The batteries last much longer because users  can recharge them hundreds of times.

"The advantage of lithium-ion batteries is that they are not based upon chemical reactions that break down the electrodes, but upon lithium ions flowing back and forth between the anode and cathode," the committee said.

The batteries have been used to store energy for solar and wind power, which the committee said is critical to moving away from fossil fuels.

One of the big issues with lithium-ion batteries is their tendency to overheat, said the Clean Energy Institute based at the University of Washington. "Because of the risks associated with these batteries, a number of shipping companies refuse to perform bulk shipments of batteries by plane," the CEI said.

The batteries help power electric vehicles

Lithium-ion batteries have become crucial to the deployment of electric vehicles, ranging from the Tesla Model 3 to the Chevrolet Bolt to the Nissan Leaf.

Chemistry Nobel Hails Work on Batteries That Changed Society

  Chemistry Nobel Hails Work on Batteries That Changed Society Stanley Whittingham of the U.K., Japan’s Akira Yoshino and German-born John Goodenough won the 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the development of lithium-ion batteries that have changed everyday life with rechargeable power sources enabling mobile phones and electric cars. Such batteries have “revolutionized our lives” since they first entered the market in 1991, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said in a statement on Wednesday. “They have laid the foundation of a wireless, fossil fuel-free society, and are of the greatest benefit to humankind.

The Nobel committee said the lithium - ion battery has its roots in the oil crisis in the 1970s, when Whittingham was The prizes come with a 8,000 cash award, a gold medal and a diploma that are conferred on Dec. 10 — the anniversary of Nobel 's death in 1896 — in Stockholm and in Oslo, Norway.

Lithium - ion batteries have long been tipped for the award, not least since they have proved pivotal in the development of the high-tech world we inhabit. On Monday, William Kaelin, Sir Peter Ratcliffe and Gregg Semenza won the 2019 Nobel prize in physiology or medicine for their work on understanding

Unlike hybrid cars, which typically use nickel-metal hydride batteries, electric cars use higher-performance lithium-ion batteries. Their high power-to-weight ratio, energy efficiency and temperature control are particularly useful for transportation purposes, according to the Department of Energy.

Although prices have come down significantly, electric vehicles remain more expensive than gasoline-powered cars because of the costs associated with lithium-ion batteries. International Trade Commission analysts projected that electric car costs would fall to the same level as conventional vehicles by 2025 or 2030, according to a report published in December.

In the long term, electric vehicles could graduate to other power storage technologies, such as solid-state batteries or lithium-air batteries, experts said.

Contributing: Nathan Bomey, USA TODAY; The Associated Press

Follow Brett Molina on Twitter: @brettmolina23.

This article originally appeared on USA TODAY: Lithium-ion batteries: Why they're so valuable in high-tech world

Lithium-ion batteries: Why they're so valuable in high-tech world .
The lithium-ion battery is a technological breakthrough that helped its creators earn the Nobel Prize in Chemistry on Wednesday. "They created a rechargeable world," according to a statement from the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the presenters of the Nobel. The prizes come with a $918,000 cash award, a gold medal and a diploma. Since entering the market in 1991, lithium-ion batteries have "laid the foundation of a wireless, fossil-fuel-free society, and are of the greatest benefit to humankind," the Nobel committee said in a statement.

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