Technology Google mining personal health data raises "significant" privacy concerns

19:55  12 november  2019
19:55  12 november  2019 Source:   cbsnews.com

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The multi-billion-dollar health care industry has long been on the radar for Google – and now the tech behemoth is in it in a big way. As first reported in the Wall Street Journal, Ascension is sharing information with Google. In the program called "Project Nightingale," Ascension, a health system that includes over 2,600 hospitals and health care centers in 21 states, is reportedly providing patient names and dates of birth, as well as lab results, hospitalizations and diagnosis to Google. Patients and doctors were apparently not notified.

a store front at day: ctm-1112-google.jpg© Credit: CBSNews ctm-1112-google.jpg

Google is using the information, in part, to help Ascension centralize its patient database as well as design new software that will use artificial intelligence to predict or identify medical conditions, reports CBS News medical contributor Dr. Tara Narula.

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Pam Dixon with the World Privacy Forum said digital records are necessary, and so is knowing exactly what companies are doing with such personal and private information and how they are protecting it.

"Leaks of private medical information are enormously common," Dixon said. "The Department of Health and Human Services actually tracks all of the medical data breaches and actually some of the largest data breaches in history have been medical data breaches. So it is a significant concern."

In a press release, Google and Ascension said they are fully committed to a "robust data security and protection effort" and fully compliant with HIPAA, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 that protects patient privacy.

Dixon said more has to be done.

"But I do think that there is room for having an independent, third party taking a look at what's happening at that health information that's at Google," Dixon said.

While Amazon and Apple are also trying to get a foothold in health care, Google has made the biggest strides so far. It has a previous deal with the Mayo Clinic, but in that case, any identifying information has been removed – which is not the case with Project Nightingale.

Google ditched project to release 100,000 X-ray images, amid privacy concerns .
The 2017 partnership with the NIH illustrates challenges as Google makes a bigger push in health care.The project, from 2017, was meant to show off Google's cloud computing and artificial intelligence capabilities. It was scrapped two days before the partnership was set to be announced, after the NIH called Google to tell the company some the X-ray images still had identifiers like dates and distinctive jewelry.

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