Technology: What AI chips do to people's brains - - PressFrom - US
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Technology What AI chips do to people's brains

19:15  19 november  2019
19:15  19 november  2019 Source:   qz.com

AMD unveils its next-gen Threadripper CPUs with up to 32 cores

  AMD unveils its next-gen Threadripper CPUs with up to 32 cores AMD has unveiled its 3rd-generation Ryzen Threadripper CPUs built with its 7-nanometer "Zen 2" architecture, and the performance looks impressive. As before, there are 24- and 32-core variants, the TR 3960X and TR 3970X, respectively, with base clocks at 3.8GHz/3.7GHz respectively and a max boost speed of up to 4.5GHz. Both chips will run using AMD's all-new TRX40 chipset with 72 available PCIe 4.0 lanes and 12 USB-C 3.1 gen2 10Gbps SuperSpeed ports.These chips and motherboards are aimed at content creators, because the extra cores and higher PCIe 4.0 bandwidth won't help gamers much.

As most people know at this point, connecting our brains to machines is no longer theoretical science fiction.

a close up of a persons hand© Provided by Quartz Media, Inc.

In fact, it could be transforming how we communicate as a species. It could even usher in the age of telepathy: Recent developments in brain-machine interfacing highlight its benefits, from treating mental health conditions to controlling objects with the mind, such as wheelchairs and robotic prosthetics.

With devices supercharged with artificial intelligence and, potentially, the computational power of quantum computers, technology could cognitively emancipate millions, if not billions, of people around the world.

Forget the Snapdragon 865. Qualcomm's midrange chip will spread 5G faster

  Forget the Snapdragon 865. Qualcomm's midrange chip will spread 5G faster The Snapdragon 765 has something its more powerful sibling doesn't: integrated 5G. That means less-expensive phones with longer battery life.On Tuesday at its conference in Maui, Qualcomm unveiled its three newest processors for smartphones. Most of the Android phones coming out next year in markets like the US will use one of the three chips.

AI-powered brain-interface technologies could make people smarter by helping them make better decisions, improve working memory, and process more information more efficiently.

An AI-infused brain would truly revolutionize how, and how quickly, we learn by making it possible to upload knowledge of a number of domains directly to our brains, including in high- skill fields such as engineering, law, medicine, and science.

It could marriage human creativity with the processing power of AI, thus bringing cognitive superpowers to every person on the planet and unleashing a new era in human productivity.

How smart is too smart?

But what happens when everyone is equally as smart as everyone else? How do we value skilled labor that is potentially readily available for anyone, anywhere?

Amazon designs faster ARM-based chips for its cloud servers

  Amazon designs faster ARM-based chips for its cloud servers Amazon's cloud hosting business, Amazon Web Services, will soon be getting new server hardware -- an updated processor specifically designed for data centers, as reported by Reuters. Last year, Amazon announced the launch of its ARM-based processor called Graviton which was optimized for performance and cost. According to a source who spoke to Reuters, the new processors are at least 20 percent faster than this first-generation ARM chip. TheLast year, Amazon announced the launch of its ARM-based processor called Graviton which was optimized for performance and cost. According to a source who spoke to Reuters, the new processors are at least 20 percent faster than this first-generation ARM chip.

According to the market theory of wages, how much someone gets paid is in part determined by the number of workers available and the number of workers needed for a job. Meaning AI-powered brain-interfaces could upend the fundamentals of market economics.

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How do we value skilled labor that is potentially readily available for anyone, anywhere? Lawyers and doctors are typically paid more than manual laborers because of the relative shorter supply of lawyers and doctors, which is in part due to the number of years of training required to enter those professions and the corresponding value society attributes to those skills. But what will happen to their wages once the market is faced with an abundance of skilled labor? If anyone is able to upload legal or medical know-how to their brain and know just as much as the professionals in those fields, why pay a professional a higher wage?

Qualcomm has revealed the chips that will equip 5G smartphones in 2020

  Qualcomm has revealed the chips that will equip 5G smartphones in 2020 At its annual "Snapdragon Tech Summit," which is being held on the island of Maui in the US state of Hawaii until December 5, 2019, Qualcomm has unveiled two new 5G chips that will equip several new smartphones in 2020. The latest top-of-the-line chip from Qualcomm is the Snapdragon 865, which is the successor to the Snapdragon 855. However, it does not have an integrated 5G modem, but functions automatically with the X55 5G modem-RF system. It follows that all of the phones equipped with this processor will be 5G compatible. The other new processor that was presented is the Qualcomm Snapdragon 765, which does have an integrated 5G modem, the X52.

Of course, certain skills, such as strategic judgment and contextual understanding, may be difficult, if not impossible, to digitize. But even the games of chess and Go, both complex games that require strategic decision-making and foresight, have now been conquered by AIs that taught themselves how to play—and beat—some of the best human players.

The technology’s potential for emancipation and human advancement is immense. But we—entrepreneurs, researchers, professionals, policymakers, and industry—must not lose sight of the social risks.

Cyborg security

The biggest issues facing the nascent brain-interface industry are security, surveillance, and privacy. How to protect the brain from corruption, viruses, and remote control will redefine cybersecurity as a whole as it morphs into the cyborg-security needed to shield the brain from foreign invasion.

Instead of hacking into our computer mainframes, malicious actors would be able to manipulate people for financial, political, or even romantic advantage. Fake thoughts or fake memories may cause people to act in ways they otherwise wouldn’t.

Intel's workstation X-series chips are a bit faster and much cheaper

  Intel's workstation X-series chips are a bit faster and much cheaper Following a leak last week, Intel has officially revealed performance figures and other data for its 18-core i9 Extreme Edition and other 9th-gen X-Series chips. As we already knew, the 10-, 12-, 14- and 18-core chips can be boosted to speeds up to 4.8 GHz. That will apparently yield a modest performance bump of seven percent for Maya and 3DS Max rendering tasks compared to the last-gen models. The chips will also double the "inference" AIIntel didn't mention gaming performance increases, as the chips are aimed more at creators and researchers, but gamers can probably expect a similarly modest gain. Other new features include 72 PCIe 3.0 lanes, WiFi 6 support and faster ethernet.

The brain, as the final frontier of one’s privacy, will undoubtedly come under attack. Mental data collection efforts—or methods to collect data from one’s thoughts—will be able to mine our minds for our deepest desires, whether conscious or unconscious. Regulation—of access, quality, and security—will therefore play a central role in how we develop, deploy, and protect these technologies, without stifling innovation.

Transparency will be another major issue. It seems logical that people should disclose when they use these AI-powered brain-interfaces. You may have to ask your doctor whether the advice she gives is based on her human knowledge and experience, or some type of human-AI mix. Again, the question arises of how to ensure regulation without censorship. Where to draw the line and how to divorce the human from the artificial may become increasingly difficult to determine, as technological permeation accelerates into the human mind.

Related: ‘Brain chips’ could make people superintelligent within five years (Yahoo! News)

  What AI chips do to people's brains © Provided by Oath Inc.

Breeding futuristic know-it-alls will also impact our perception of status and power in society. If you can do any job you’d like, and know anything about everything at the tap of your temple, our perceptions of job hierarchy and social status, especially in knowledge fields, will likely shift more decisively from what one knows to what one does with that knowledge.

Samsung Electronics says third quarter profit fell 56%

  Samsung Electronics says third quarter profit fell 56% SEOUL, South Korea (AP) — Samsung Electronics said Thursday its operating profit for the last quarter fell by nearly 56%, with its robust sales of smartphones, displays and TVs offset by a continuously weak market for computer chips. The South Korean technology giant reported an operating profit of 7.78 trillion won ($6.7 billion) for the July-September quarter, which represented a 55.7% drop from the same period last year. Samsung says third-quarter revenue fell 5.3% to 62 trillion won ($53.4 billion).© Provided by The Associated Press The logo of the Samsung Electronics Co. is seen at its office in Seoul, South Korea, Thursday, Oct. 31, 2019.

Education, and educational institutions, would need to adapt accordingly. If knowledge can be uploaded overnight, what will the students of the future do in school? How will universities cope with this influx of already knowledgeable students? How would they be tested?

The knowledge-based economy may give way to one that values creativity and interpersonal skills over everything else, freeing people to make new connections and discoveries to resolve human, social, scientific, and commercial problems, and to discover new fields of inquiry that are currently invisible to our biological minds.

Biased data fed directly into the minds of thousands of people could also amplify structural inequalities across society by creating psychological bubbles that reinforce, or exacerbate, existing biases or create new ones. Who will be the gatekeepers and curators—the cognitive publishers, the knowledge suppliers—of these mental feeds? And how will trust be brokered?

This could easily lead to new social barriers, unless robust legislative and ethical frameworks can be implemented to protect against these risks.

A super class

As with any new technology, the of cost of cutting-edge AI-powered products are likely to be prohibitively high.

This runs the risk of creating a new super-class of people who can forever change the structure of a meritocratic society.

To prevent this from happening, industry leaders need to find a way to provide technology that is affordable and accessible so that cost is not a discriminatory barrier.

Intel's 10th-gen X-series CPUs include an 18-core model under $1,000

  Intel's 10th-gen X-series CPUs include an 18-core model under $1,000 You won't have to spend quite so lavishly to get an 18-core Intel Core X chip in your gaming rig. Intel has offered the first details of its 10th-generation Core X-series chips, and the flagship, 3GHz (4.8GHz turbo) Core i9-10908XE will pack 18 cores for $979. That's far from trivial, but much better than the $2,000 you've had to pay until now. Other models are also decidedly more affordable, including the 10-core i9-10900XE ($590), 12-core i9-10920XE ($689) and 14-core i9-10940XE ($784). There aren't any dramatic clock speed improvements, although the 12-, 14- and 18-core chips all hit a healthy max turbo boost of 4.8GHz.

Gallery: 23 Hilarious Predictions About the Year 2020 Made Long Ago (Best Life)

a train traveling past a tall building in a city: It's hard to imagine that we're almost living in the year 2020. Though we've seen plenty of impressive technological advances, like artificial intelligence and phones that unlock by scanning our faces, it's not quite the world of flying cars and robot butlers people once imagined we'd have by now. In fact, decades ago, predictions for the futuristic and revolutionary changes we'd see in this far-off sounding year were quite lofty. Want a good laugh? Here are 23 predictions about the year 2020 that at some point in time, people really expected to happen one day. And for interesting visions that did come to fruition, check out these 30 Predictions in History That Came True.

As the technology we use—and how we use it—changes, entrepreneurs need to proactively lead the debate by proposing innovative solutions in anticipation of some of these problems. At the very least, industry, government, and civil society should develop an ethical framework to guide the development and use of AI-powered brain-machine interfaces.

Ultimately, these new technologies force us to think more deeply about the nature of the human condition. They may mark the evolution of a species that has survived precisely because of technological innovation and adaptation. Or, they may mark a more sinister turning point, where social and cultural norms were disrupted to the detriment of social equality.

As with all technology, the devil lies in how we—humans—decide to use it.

What AI chips do to people's brains .
The biggest issues facing the nascent brain-interface industry are security, surveillance, and privacy. How to protect the brain from corruption, viruses, and remote control will redefine cybersecurity as a whole as it morphs into the cyborg-security needed to shield the brain from foreign invasion.Instead of hacking into our computer mainframes, malicious actors would be able to manipulate people for financial, political, or even romantic advantage. Fake thoughts or fake memories may cause people to act in ways they otherwise wouldn’t.

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