Technology Researchers call for harnessing, regulation of AI

16:50  12 december  2019
16:50  12 december  2019 Source:   msn.com

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A research group run by employees from technology companies including Google and Microsoft Corp. called for more regulation of facial recognition and other artificial intelligence tools. To spur this kind of audit, AI Now is calling for government vendors to waive claims to trade secrecy.

But even AI researchers can’t agree on a single definition of fairness: There’s always a question of who is in the affected groups and what metrics should Recently, local governments in the U.S., tired of the wait, have taken their own initiative to regulate the use of AI . San Francisco became the first major

Artificial intelligence appears to be "widening inequality," and its deployment should be subject to tough regulations and limits, especially for sensitive technologies such as facial recognition, a research report said Thursday.

a woman wearing a blue shirt: The researchers said AI systems are being deployed in areas such as healthcare, education, employment and criminal justice.© metamorworks / IStock.com The researchers said AI systems are being deployed in areas such as healthcare, education, employment and criminal justice.

The AI Now Institute, a New York University center studying the social implications of artificial intelligence, said that as these technologies become widely deployed, the negative impacts are starting to emerge.

The 93-page report examined concerns being raised "from AI-enabled management of workers, to algorithmic determinations of benefits and social services, to surveillance and tracking of immigrants and underrepresented communities," the researchers wrote.

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AI regulation is sparse around the world. That must change, say many industry experts, who have increasingly called on governments and organizations to establish at least basic guidelines for artificial intelligence research and development.

Public opinion lessons for AI regulation . AI is a general-purpose technology that enables machines to perform tasks that previously required human intelligence. Civil rights groups and academic researchers have criticized law enforcement’s adoption of facial recognition technology by citing

"What becomes clear is that across diverse domains and contexts, AI is widening inequality, placing information and control in the hands of those who already have power and further disempowering those who don't."

The researchers said AI systems are being deployed in areas such as healthcare, education, employment, criminal justice "without appropriate safeguards or accountability structures in place."

The report said governments and businesses should halt use of facial recognition "in sensitive social and political contexts" until the risks are better understood, and that one subset -- "affect recognition" or the reading of emotions by computer technology -- should be banned in light of doubts about whether it works.

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need for pro-active regulation of AI , calling it humanity’s biggest existential threat, but while AI ’s Ryan Gariepy, the founder of Clearpath Robotics said: “Unlike other potential manifestations of AI by thousands of AI and robotics researchers including Musk and Stephen Hawking similarly calling for

Links researchers from around the world. ResearchGate allows researchers around the world to collaborate more easily. For a common purpose of advancing scientific research .

Emotion recognition "should not be allowed to play a role in important decisions about human lives, such as who is interviewed or hired for a job, the price of insurance, patient pain assessments, or student performance in school," the report said.

It also called for tech workers "to have the right to know what they are building and to contest unethical or harmful uses of their work."

The AI Now report said medical organizations using advanced technologies need to implement data protection policies and allow people "affirmative approval" opportunities to withdraw from the study or treatment, and from research using their medical information.

More broadly, the researchers said the AI industry needs to make "structural changes" to ensure that algorithms are not reinforcing racism, prejudice or lack of diversity.

"The AI industry is strikingly homogeneous, due in large part to its treatment of women, people of color, gender minorities, and other underrepresented groups," the report said.

Efforts to regulate AI systems are underway, but "are being outpaced by government adoption of AI systems to surveil and control," according to the report.

"Despite growing public concern and regulatory action, the rollout of facial recognition and other risky AI technologies has barely slowed down," the researchers wrote.

"So-called 'smart city' projects around the world are consolidating power over civic life in the hands of for-profit technology companies, putting them in charge of managing critical resources and information."

Google CEO Sundar Pichai: We must be 'clear-eyed' about how AI could go wrong .
The chief executive of Alphabet calls for regulation of artificial intelligence as his own company delves deeper into developing new technologies."There is no question in my mind that artificial intelligence needs to be regulated," Pichai wrote. "It is too important not to. The only question is how to approach it.

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