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Technology FCC approves Amazon’s internet-from-space Kuiper constellation of 3,236 satellites

02:12  31 july  2020
02:12  31 july  2020 Source:   theverge.com

SpaceX's latest batch of internet satellites includes one with a sun shield

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The FCC declared on Thursday that Amazon may build its ambitious satellite internet system, which would compete with SpaceX's Starlink network. Amazon ' s project, known as Kuiper , would see the company launch 3 , 236 satellites into low Earth orbit. Morgan Stanley has declared that Kuiper has

Amazon fired its latest volley today in a debate over whether the company can proceed in an expedited fashion with its Project Kuiper mega- constellation for broadband internet access.

The Federal Communications Commission has approved Amazon’s plans for its ambitious Kuiper constellation, which entails sending 3,236 satellites into orbit to beam internet coverage down to Earth. The decision is a crucial regulatory step that paves the way for Amazon to start launching the satellites when they’re ready.

An artistic rendering of a satellite in orbit © Illustration by Alex Castro / The Verge An artistic rendering of a satellite in orbit

The company plans to send the satellites to three different altitudes, and it claims it needs just 578 satellites in orbit to begin service, according to an FCC document announcing the approval. Amazon has not announced which launch provider it plans to use to fly the satellites into orbit yet. While Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos also owns the rocket company Blue Origin, the launch provider will have to compete to launch the satellites along with other companies.

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Amazon is seeking FCC approval of its Project Kuiper satellite broadband venture, and referring to potential synergies with On Thursday, Amazon ’ s wholly owned Kuiper Systems subsidiary followed up with a fresh set of FCC filings. The filings confirm that the project would consist of 3 , 236 satellites

Amazon to offer broadband access from orbit with 3 , 236 - satellite ‘Project Kuiper ’ constellation . “Project Kuiper is a new initiative to launch a constellation of low Earth orbit satellites that will provide low-latency, high-speed broadband connectivity to unserved and underserved communities around

The company must launch half of the constellation by 2026

There are few caveats to Amazon’s FCC approval. The company must launch half of the constellation by 2026 to retain its FCC license, and then the remaining satellites by 2029. Amazon also must submit to the FCC a finalized plan for how it will mitigate orbital debris, since the design of its satellites aren’t finalized yet. Amazon claims it will take its satellites out of orbit within 355 days, but the FCC argues the company didn’t “present specific information concerning some required elements” for its debris plan. A big concern of a constellation of this size is that the influx of satellites will lead to more collisions in space, creating pieces of debris that could threaten other satellites.

SpaceX has a month to prove Starlink is worthy of rural broadband funding

  SpaceX has a month to prove Starlink is worthy of rural broadband funding The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) said it has “serious doubts” that SpaceX will be able to deliver internet service with latency under 100 milliseconds (via Ars Technica). That would not only be bad for users, but means that SpaceX could be at a disadvantage in an auction to distribute $16 billion in federal funds to support rural broadband access. SpaceX strongly disagrees, but it may not be able to prove its case in time. In a reportIn a report on the phase I auction for the rural digital opportunity fund (RDOF), the FCC admitted that Starlink and other LEO (low-Earth orbit) providers have advantages over geostationary satellites that operate at much higher altitudes.

Amazon plans to launch a constellation of 3 , 236 satellites into low Earth orbit in order to provide internet to Project Kuiper will consist of satellites at three different altitudes: there will be 784 satellites at The FCC will consider issues such as orbital congestion as well as Amazon ’ s plans for

Amazon ’ s constellation is filed with the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) under "Project Kuiper is a new initiative to launch a constellation of Low Earth Orbit satellites that will Amazon has not yet applied with the FCC for permission to serve the U.S. market with the constellation .

Amazon is one of a handful of companies aiming to create a giant constellation of satellites in orbit, in order to provide broadband connectivity to the surface below. Most notable among these competitors is SpaceX, which has approval from the FCC to launch nearly 12,000 satellites for its Starlink project. So far, SpaceX has launched more than 500 Starlink satellites, with plans to start beta testing the system this summer. Meanwhile, UK-based OneWeb also hopes to build a constellation of 650 satellites, and has already launched 74 of them. The company filed for bankruptcy this year, but was recently bailed out by a consortium that includes the UK government and Indian telecom company Bharti Global.

Amazon claims that Kuiper will “provide broadband services to unserved and underserved consumers, businesses in the United States, and global customers by employing advanced satellite and earth station technologies,” according to the FCC’s approval document.

FCC approves Amazon's Kuiper Project .
Amazon has received authorization from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to proceed with Project Kuiper, its initiative to launch a fleet of low-orbiting satellites that would be used to provide broadband internet access to underserved communities in the U.S.The FCC approved of the tech giant's ambitious project by a vote of 5-0 on Thursday.With the commission's green light, Amazon will now be able to begin the deployment of its 3,236 satellites. In total, Amazon is spending $10 billion on the project based in a new Amazon development facility in Redmond, Wash.

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