Technology Opinion: An expert's advice on talking to the climate skeptic in your life

14:25  24 november  2020
14:25  24 november  2020 Source:   cnn.com

India: Hundreds of thousands of tea pickers in Assam on indefinite strike

 India: Hundreds of thousands of tea pickers in Assam on indefinite strike © Biju BORO / AFP Tea pickers joined farmers in protesting the liberalization of the sale of fruits and vegetables. The strike began this Friday, October 9 to demand wage increases. These workers joined the farmers, who have been protesting for two weeks now against the new selling prices for fruit and vegetables. With our correspondent in Bangalore, Côme Bastin The State of Assam produces nearly 50% of India's tea, and it is found on many tables around the world.

Our Experts . How to Talk to a Paris Accord Skeptic . We know that you know that Trump’ s assessment of the Paris Agreement is way off base. The Resistance Is in Your Backyard. Turn your city into a climate sanctuary, rally on Main Street, and other ways to make change globally by acting

We know that climate change is happening – but there are plenty of things individuals can do to help mitigate it. Here’ s your handy guide to the most Of course, it’ s true that climate change won’t be solved by your buying or driving habits alone – although many experts agree these are important, and

I've ended up in plenty of awkward climate-change conversations over the years I've spent covering the issue as a journalist.

a view of a city with smoke coming out of it: Oil refinery, owned by Exxon Mobil, is the second largest in the country on 28th February 2020 in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States. © Barry Lewis/In PicturesGetty Images Oil refinery, owned by Exxon Mobil, is the second largest in the country on 28th February 2020 in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States.

There was the farmer in Oklahoma who pulled charts from his jacket pocket -- literal clippings from agricultural publications -- to try to prove to me that the climate isn't warming (it is) and that humans aren't to blame (we are).

A couple of years ago, a retired coal miner, who's since become a friend, walked me to the edge of a canyon in Utah to marvel at the millions of years of geologic history visible in the pink-and-orange layers of sedimentation. The Earth is big and old and awesome and always changing, he told me. People are too small -- and our time too short -- to really alter the planet.

Democrats' new super power: Single parents like me are a growing political force

  Democrats' new super power: Single parents like me are a growing political force Joe Biden was a single father for several years. Kamala Harris was raised in part by a single mother. They know the value of my loving family type.Kamala Harris has also said that her mother, divorced and single, was her primary role model. "When I was five, my parents split and my mother raised us mostly on her own," she said in her nomination acceptance speech. "She made it look easy, though I know it never was.

Opinion : Common ground with climate skeptics 03:23. Story highlights. John D. Sutter visits Others who might be more inclined to acknowledge climate change aren't eager to talk about it. I'm nonconfrontational by nature, but I found myself wanting to argue with a few of the climate skeptics

Climate change is an urgent topic of discussion among politicians, journalists and celebrities but what do scientists say about climate change? Does the

In moments like these, I don't think there's much to say. I trust my instincts. I try to understand -- to ask questions, to relate. I don't want to convince anyone of anything; I just want to be present and listen. That can be painfully difficult, though, when it comes to issues of science -- like Covid-19 and the climate crisis.

There is only one set of scientific facts, but not all of us acknowledge them as such. That can lead to "fact war" exchanges -- conversational versions of Reddit threads or Facebook comments -- that no one enjoys. Engaging with each other across these lines of difference can be exhausting, especially amid a pandemic and on the heels of a way-beyond-tense election season. No wonder that -- even though it affects everyone's lives -- only 35% of Americans talk about climate change at least occasionally, according to estimates from the Yale Program on Climate Change Communication.

How Joe Biden plans to use executive powers to fight climate change

  How Joe Biden plans to use executive powers to fight climate change 10 ways Biden plans to fight climate change, with or without Congress.With the Senate question largely resolved, president-elect Joe Biden can now start to focus on policy, including his ambitious agenda to deal with climate change, which calls for an aggressive shift to clean energy, carbon neutrality by the middle of the century, and massive federal investment to drive these changes. Contrast that with President Donald Trump, who put forth no plan to deal with climate change and actively undermined existing policies to limit greenhouse gas emissions.

Climate law rollbacks in the US and Australia have origins in libertarian think tanks that trade in climate denial. Investigative journalists have exposed how Since then, the administration has rolled back the 2015 Clean Power Plan that set strict emissions limits in the lead-up to the Paris climate conference

Four experts give their views on whether it is possible to mitigate the effects of global climate change. There have been many great climatic variations throughout history, and life forms have always adapted and survived. I see no reason why this period of change should be any different.

I'm trying to nudge that number just a bit with this series of conversations about the climate emergency -- conversations that start with listening to CNN readers.

Several of you asked through CNN's online form about how best to engage with climate skeptics in your lives -- about how to have these difficult conversations and about how to be persuasive when you do end up chatting with someone who doesn't accept the fact that humans are warming the planet dangerously, primarily by burning fossil fuels.

I recently put a few of your questions to Karin Kirk, a geologist and writer for Yale Climate Connections, an initiative of the Yale Center for Environmental Communication.

Kirk lives in Montana and she's had almost 500 conversations, as she wrote in Scientific American, with voters about environmental issues. In those conversations, she aimed to persuade voters that climate change is real and worth voting on. I thought we all might learn from her experiences.

We asked Joe Biden’s campaign 6 key questions about his climate change plans

  We asked Joe Biden’s campaign 6 key questions about his climate change plans How Biden could use the powers of the presidency to protect vulnerable communities and hold fossil fuel companies accountable.Voters, especially young voters, also crave action on climate change. Polling shows that a majority of Americans of all ages want all levels of government to address global warming, but it’s one of the highest priorities for young Democrats.

Climate change is the biggest threat we face. Learn everything about climate change: causes, consequences, solutions You are already subscribed to the newsletter! If you've missed our content, try checking your junk mailbox and add us to your address book so you can enjoy

E. If you talk to Moscow concert musicians who were active between the 1960 s and the 1990 s , they will tell you of the fantastic acoustics of the “Melodiya” recording studio at 8 But 16 years later, in 2005, it was brought back to the screen with a whole new cast of actors and has been ongoing ever since.

The following is an edited transcript of our conversation:

John Sutter: I want to start with a question from a reader, Ryan, in Florida, who asks, "How do I convince my normally otherwise rational friends that climate change is real" and worth paying attention to? How would you respond?

Karin Kirk: The first question (to ask yourself) is easy because it's just self reflective. It doesn't involve your friends. And that is, "Why are you needing to have a conversation?" Like, what's your personal angle? Are you feeling like you need to be right and they need to be wrong? Are you feeling like they need to join you in particular action? Do you need to convince them of something?

Understanding your own motives up front can be a little yucky -- because we all want to be righteous. But I think getting (your own motives) straight in your mind is going to make your mission much clearer. Even though I spent my whole life -- like since (I was an) undergraduate -- working on the science of climate change, I'm quick to abandon that in conversations because it's often a dead end.

You can make a very nimble sidestep if you know what your overall goal is. For me -- I can't even tell Ryan what his motives are -- I want clean energy and I want it in Montana. I want it for our town. I want it for our ski area. I want it for me, personally. And I know that clean energy is the biggest solution to climate change.

How Biden's climate plan compares to the Green New Deal

  How Biden's climate plan compares to the Green New Deal "Joe Biden's climate plan isn't everything, but it isn't nothing at all," one leading climate activist told CBS News.In response, President Trump pounced on what appeared to be an opportunity to underscore that point to Biden's base, saying, "That's a big statement… you just lost the radical left.

Sutter: Of course, there is a right and wrong answer in this case because of the science -- we're causing climate change -- but you're saying, just kind of abandon that? Let that go in a conversation with someone who denies it?

Kirk: Yes. Let's say you spend hours talking about ice cores and Earth's cycles and all that -- and at the end, you agree. Then what? The then-what is "let's solve it," right? So just start with that. You're going to waste a lot less energy.

Sutter: Is persuasion the right goal in these conversations?

Kirk: The answer's definitely no. In a really artful conversation, persuasion is a side effect. Once the person trusts you and once you're saying, "Oh, I'm learning from you, I'm appreciating you, I'm benefiting from this conversation," then you'll be masterfully persuasive. If you go in like, "OK, I'm going to change your mind and show you graphs and talk about volcanoes," that's not going to work.

One easy way to frame it is to say (to a skeptic), "OK, all my friends agree with me, so there's nothing that I can learn from them. But you are different, and I appreciate this opportunity to have a more interesting conversation than I have with people who already agree with me. So, explain it to me! I'm curious. I'm genuinely open to learn more about your point of view."

Sutter: Another question is from Leslie in Ottawa. She asks, "How do I convince a religious person who does not want to believe that humans could be powerful enough to be destroying the world that God gave them?"

How Biden aims to amp up the government’s fight against climate change

  How Biden aims to amp up the government’s fight against climate change President-elect Joe Biden is poised to embed action on climate change across the breadth of the federal government, from the departments of Agriculture to Treasury and State— releasing it from the confines of environmental agencies to speed up U.S. action on global warming and acknowledge that the problem touches many aspects of American life. Then-Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden walks outside of the Delaware Museum of Natural History in Wilmington to present his plans to address the climate crisis in September.

Kirk: I love that question. I got that exact question on the campaign trail, and it was actually one of the most memorable. The idea is that it's hubristic to think that humans can change the grand scheme of things. I think (the best approach is) backing up a couple of steps and presenting it not as climate change but, really, as this idea of pollution.

It's easy for someone to say, "I don't care about polar bears and I don't trust ice cores" and dismiss that. But like, really, can anyone actually think about their lived experience and think that we are not polluting every part of the planet? Do you look at a river or across your sky or -- everything -- the parking lot, do you really look at that and say, "We're doing a perfect job!"

Everybody knows intuitively that we are polluting the planet. Then you can relate that to various religious frames, depending on what the angle is: It's our charge to take care of this planet. God made a perfect planet, and we are the day-to-day keepers of the planet. Look around, how are we doing?

Sutter: Are there any key "don'ts" that you have learned from engaging in these conversations about climate change?

Kirk: The key "don't" is don't spend too much time arguing with people that you're never going to change their mind. Your time is going to be much better spent working with people who are motivated, but not sure where to put that motivation. You could spend years arguing with your uncle-in-law and never get anywhere.

Sutter: Todd in Ohio asked, "Why has this become politicized?"

Kirk: Unfortunately, a lot of it is because of the oil companies. I don't like to be too aggressive about placing blame. But that's clear when you look at their track record of how they've spent money on public disinformation campaigns, their specific messages, what they're still doing on social media and in other places. It's very clear that that they have invested billions of dollars to put the brakes on climate messaging and climate progress, and they're still doing it.

How Joe Biden May Have Outmaneuvered Donald Trump On Energy, Climate, and the Economic Recovery

  How Joe Biden May Have Outmaneuvered Donald Trump On Energy, Climate, and the Economic Recovery How Joe Biden May Have Outmaneuvered Donald Trump On Energy, Climate, and the Economic Recovery“Oh, that’s a big statement,” Trump said. “He’s going to destroy the oil industry.

Sutter: This is another one from Leslie in Canada. She asks whether it's possible for us to address the climate crisis without the help of people who won't accept the scientific realities. Is that possible, or even desirable?

Kirk: All we need is maybe 51%. We need enough to win elections. That counts at the local scale all the way up through the president. And so it's certainly easier the more support you have. But no, you don't need every person.

Sutter: What is the trend in terms of public opinion on the climate crisis?

Kirk: The trend is up, but disappointingly slow on the way it's going up. It's very rare anymore that you find someone who doesn't agree that it's getting warmer. More and more people are agreeing that we should do something -- that we should pollute less.

Sutter: Any closing thoughts?

Kirk: This has never mattered more. We are at this pinnacle of our inability to understand each other. The people on the opposite side from you feel the exact same way as you do. They are equally distressed about this. Nobody is having fun right now with our national conversation. Nobody. And so that gives you this immediate, profound common ground: "Hey, I am as miserable as you are. Hey, you know what? The two of us can buck that trend."

a man wearing glasses and smiling at the camera: John D. Sutter © Provided by CNN John D. Sutter   Opinion: An expert's advice on talking to the climate skeptic in your life © Provided by CNN

Trump administration taps mainstream climate scientist to run key climate review .
The pick may calm fears that the Trump administration seeks to insert more skepticism in the next National Climate Assessment report, due out in 2022. Weatherhead, who has decades of experience as a climate scientist in the academic and private sectors, accepts human-induced climate change is happening and is a serious physical, ecological and economic threat.

usr: 3
This is interesting!