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Technology of mysterious stone balls exhumed from a 5500 year old tomb with orcades

20:40  14 september  2021
20:40  14 september  2021 Source:   france24.com

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yur browser does not support archaeologists currently lead new excavations in a tomb dated 5,500 years updated on the Orkney Archipelago Scotland. Among the recent finds: fragments of pottery and mysterious polished stone balls. Orcades

archipelago, a grave has revealed an intriguing discovery. The burial in question goes back to Neolithic, around 3500 before our era, and constitutes one of the oldest monuments identified in Scotland . The site where it is already excavated in the 1980s but it has been the subject of new excavations in recent years. The last campaign started last summer and it turned out fruitful. By exploring the chamber and some of the trenches dug, archaeologists have emerged from small animal bone fragments, pieces of pottery as well as two polished stone spheres about five centimeters in diameter.

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A Cracking Find from the Tomb! Only 20 or So Neolithic Polished Stone Balls Have Been Found In Orkney and FEW Have Been Recovered from Secure Contexts

https://t.co/vzie9ohrqi

- Dr Hugo Anderson-Whymb (@Hugowhymark) August 18, 2021

A sphere From "the size of a locust ball" "is an extremely exciting discovery," said the team on the blog of the project

where you can see photos of the famous spheres. One of the two facts "the size of a locust ball, is perfectly spherical and beautifully finished", welcomed twitter Dr. Hugo Anderson-Whymb, Archaeologist of the National Museums Scotland (NMS) who co-directs the project. Another Polished Stone Ball! This one is the size of a cricket ball, Perfectly Spherical and Beautifully Finished. It's Split Along Bedding in The Bandstone Bands Will Be Amazing When Conserved

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https://t.co/viaary50qu

- Dr Hugo Anderson-Whymark (@Hugowhymark) August 25, 2021

This is not the first time such balls refocate surface. According to Dr. Anderson-Whymark, about twenty similar parts dated the Neolithic are listed in the Orkrales, especially in the Skara Brae and Ness of Brodgar sites, but few of them were found in such a funeral context.

In Scotland, these are some 500 stone spheres that have been identified and some have appeared finely engraved. The function, as well as the meaning, of these objects, however, remain unknown. A theory argues that they may have been used as weapons to inflict injuries to the head.

Skulls, discovered in other places to the orcades, have indeed shown lesions that could have been inflicted by such tools. Other assumptions suggest that they could also constitute a symbol of power.

Race against the watch

In any case, the recent excavations delivered additional information on the tomb of Tresess whose funerary chamber is divided into several sections and surmounted by a Cairn dating from the Bronze Age. The specialists think that the initial structure is associated with the ruins of a Neolithic village identified a few kilometers away on the

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of Cata Sand.

  De mystérieuses boules de pierre exhumées d'une tombe de 5500 ans aux Orcades © Provided by Geo The Neolithic monument is surmounted by the remains of a less old cairn dated from the Bronze Age. © Emma Corker / Tresness Chambered Tomb "We have the grave and the village where people lived and they are more or less contemporary, so it seems very likely that those who built this monument were the people who lived in the village of Cata Sand, "explained to The Scotsman

Professor Vicki Cummings, Archaeologist from the University of Central Lancaster who co-directs excavations. The team hopes to make more discoveries on the structure of the grave, its origin and its content by continuing the excavations. Because the time press. The Tresnew site being located no of the ocean, it is threatened by the erosion and the possible collapse of the cliff on which it is.

"Unfortunately, it is a site that disappears in the ocean so we extract the information before they are lost forever," said Pr. Cummings.

Read also:

to read also Scotland: We visited the "Neolithic Heart of Orkney"

to read also the storms have exhumed human bones of an old orcades cemetery to read also Scotland: the Skye Island, Jurassic Park of Hebrides

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