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Technology NASA's Antarctica balloons will study cosmic rays and neutrinos

21:35  30 november  2016
21:35  30 november  2016 Source:   engadget.com

Weird 'Gravity' Waves Above Antarctica Caused by Ice Vibrations

  Weird 'Gravity' Waves Above Antarctica Caused by Ice Vibrations Peculiar atmospheric waves that have puzzled scientists since they were spotted in Antarctica a few years ago, above the massive Ross Ice Shelf, may have a source: Tiny vibrations in the ice are traveling miles into the sky to create huge atmospheric ripples. Stretching between Antarctica and the Ross Sea, the Ross Ice Shelf is the world’s largest body of ice. It is an estimated 182,000 square miles (472,000 square kilometers), or approximately the size of California, New Hampshire and Vermont combined.

Antarctica is ideal for launching high-altitude science balloons this time of year. You not only get non-stop sunlight (ideal for solar power), but wind The first to take off, the University of Maryland' s BACCUS (Boron and Carbon Cosmic Rays in the Upper Stratosphere), will look at cosmic ray

A science team in Antarctica is preparing to fly SuperTIGER, a balloon -borne instrument designed to collect heavy high-energy particles from beyond the solar Explore this infographic to learn more about SuperTIGER, cosmic rays and scientific ballooning . Credits: NASA ' s Goddard Space Flight Center.

  NASA's Antarctica balloons will study cosmic rays and neutrinos © Provided by Engadget

Antarctica is ideal for launching high-altitude science balloons this time of year. You not only get non-stop sunlight (ideal for solar power), but wind patterns that keep those balloons over land. And NASA is determined to take advantage of this. It's launching a trio of Antarctic balloon missions that promise to shed light on the mysteries of space. The first to take off, the University of Maryland's BACCUS (Boron and Carbon Cosmic Rays in the Upper Stratosphere), will look at cosmic ray particles to learn about the chemicals and density in the space between stars.

The next two experiments are equally ambitious. The University of Hawaii's ANITA (Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna) will learn more about the reactions inside the cores of stars by studying the neutrinos they release. The University of Arizona's STO-II (Stratospheric Terahertz Observatory), meanwhile, will learn about the life cycle of the matter between stars.

NASA Finds High-Energy Electrons Where There Should Be None

  NASA Finds High-Energy Electrons Where There Should Be None The particles, discovered as part of NASA’s THEMIS mission, were found being accelerated to nearly the speed of light in the foreshock region, which lies just beyond Earth’s magnetic field.Every second of every day, Earth is bombarded by streams of charged particles, which are then deflected by the planet’s magnetic field. Typically, when this happens, the particles — fast-moving ions and electrons — either gain energy by bouncing back and forth in across Earth’s bow shock, which forms a protective barrier around the planet, or are slowed down and deflected.

NASA went searching for micro black holes in Antarctica . Instead, it detected cosmic rays shooting Unlike the cosmic rays that come from space and are reflected off the Antarctic ice sheet, which Some phenomena, such as gravity, the accelerating expansion of the universe, and neutrino

Neutrinos and cosmic rays travel through the universe at incredible speeds. Neutrinos are fundamental particles in nature, and part of the This all leads to ANITA III, which was assembled for the first time last summer at a NASA balloon facility in Palestine, Texas (where the climate was very

Regardless of the mission, the flights will largely be the same. The balloons will circumnavigate the South Pole at an altitude 127,000 feet for nearly their entire journey, and should fly for a long time — a typical balloon stays aloft for 20 days, NASA says. If you're wondering about their progress, you can track their locations yourself. You likely won't hear about the findings from these studies until much later, but the sheer volume of data should be worth the wait.

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Supermassive Black Holes Found Hiding Nearby .
The two discoveries, from galaxies relatively close to the Milky Way, were made using a NASA instrument that can detect X-rays. 1/3 SLIDES © Provided by IBT US 2/3 SLIDES © Photo: ESO/NASA/JPL-Caltech/STScI

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