Sport Legislative in Côte d'Ivoire: hope of a return to a peaceful political life

09:50  06 march  2021
09:50  06 march  2021 Source:   lepoint.fr

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Cote d ' Ivoire 2019. Authorities restricted the rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly as political tensions rose ahead of the 2020 presidential election. Security forces used excessive force with impunity against peaceful protesters. Political activists, journalists and human rights defenders were On 23 December, as Guillaume Soro was returning to Abidjan to start his campaign for the 2020 presidential election after several months outside the country, prosecutors issued a statement announcing an arrest warrant against him. He was charged with attempts to undermine the authority

Cote d ’ Ivoire is a democratic republic governed by a president freely elected in 2015. Parliamentary elections held in 2016 were peaceful and considered inclusive and transparent, as were the country’s first-ever senatorial elections in March. Municipal and regional elections in October 2018, however, were marred by four In August a cabinet reshuffle resulted in the division of functions previously managed by the Ministry of Interior and Security and the related establishment of a new Ministry of Security and Civil Protection and Ministry of Territorial Administration and Decentralization.

P read from seven million voters in Côte d'Ivoire are called to choose their deputies on Saturday, a ballot which, at the end of of a campaign without major incident, raises the hope of a return to a peaceful political life, four months after a troubled presidential election.

The approximately 22,000 polling stations will be open from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. (GMT and local) for the election of 255 deputies in 205 constituencies.

For the first time in ten years, all the main political actors will take part in these legislative elections, while the opposition boycotted the October 2020 presidential election, marked before and after the election by violence that left 87 dead and nearly 500 wounded.

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Legislative elections scheduled to take place this Saturday in Cote d ’ Ivoire are abuzz with talks of former president Laurent Gbagbo. Ivory Coast. The Return of Gbagbo to Côte d ' Ivoire ? The elections "mark the return of Laurent Gbagbo and his political organisation in institutional politics ," said Gbagbo's eldest son He previously said he hoped to return in December, but his increasingly

Côte d ' Ivoire . President Alassane Ouattara was elected for a third term in an October 2020 election, despite the Ivorian constitution limiting presidents to two terms and the main opposition parties boycotting the vote. At least 87 people were killed during political and intercommunal violence surrounding the The International Criminal Court (ICC) is continuing its investigations in Côte d ’ Ivoire following the court’s January 2019 acquittal of Laurent Gbagbo for crimes against humanity during the 2010-11 post-election crisis, which is currently under appeal by the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP).

The electoral campaign for these legislative elections, which ended on Thursday, took place peacefully, which the Independent Electoral Commission (CEI) welcomed.

"In the almost unanimous opinion of the various stakeholders in the process, the campaign took place throughout the national territory in a peaceful manner, despite a few incidents, which incidentally were minor and marginal," the CEI indicated on Friday.

This election marks the big comeback in the electoral game of the Front populaire ivoirien (FPI) of the former president Laurent Gbagbo.

The FPI boycotted all ballots since Mr. Gbagbo's arrest in April 2011 in Abidjan and his transfer to the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague, after post-election violence that left some 3,000 dead.

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The violence shattered Côte d ' Ivoire 's hopes of rapidly regaining its status as francophone West Africa's economic powerhouse and a regional beacon of stability. General Guei had promised to return Côte d ' Ivoire to civilian rule, and scheduled elections to do so, but had manipulated the process to such an extent that the legitimacy of the elections was already in doubt before they were held. A new constitution introduced by General Guei and approved by a July 2000 referendum required both parents of any Ivorian wishing to contest the presidential election to have been born in Côte d ' Ivoire .

Cote d ’ Ivoire is a democratic republic ruled by a freely elected government. In legislative elections held on December 18, the ruling government coalition won 66 percent of National Assembly seats. The main opposition party, which boycotted the 2011 legislative elections, participated and won seats. The elections were peaceful and considered inclusive and transparent. The country held a presidential election in October 2015, in which President Alassane Ouattara was re-elected by a significant majority.

For its return, the FPI, the driving force behind a coalition called Together for Democracy and Sovereignty (EDS), entered into an electoral alliance with its historic rival, the Democratic Party of Côte d'Ivoire (PDCI) of the ex-president Henri Koné Bédié.

The PDCI, a former single party, was created by the "father of independence" Félix Houphouët-Boigny, of which Laurent Gbagbo was the main opponent, which had led to him being imprisoned on several occasions.

The PDCI and the FPI, which boycotted the last presidential election on October 31, still do not recognize the re-election of Alassane Ouattara to a controversial third term.

But today they want a majority in the Assembly to prevent "the consolidation of absolute power" by Mr. Ouattara and his party, the Rassemblement des houphouëtistes pour la democratie et la paix (RHDP).

Gabgbo back "soon"

Opposite, the RHDP appears as the "only" to be able to present candidates in all the constituencies, promising "an orange wave", the color of the party, to continue "the reforms" of the head of state.

Covid-19: Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire launch their vaccination campaign thanks to Covax

 Covid-19: Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire launch their vaccination campaign thanks to Covax © Issouf Sanogo, AFP A woman takes a man's temperature in front of the entrance to the Abidjan sports center in Côte d'Ivoire, where the first vaccinations with AstraZenecca took place, Monday March 1, 2021. Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire became the first countries on Monday to vaccinate their citizens against Covid-10 thanks to Covax. Ghanaian President Nana Akufo-Addo was the first to benefit from an AstraZenecca vaccine through this device aimed at poor countries.

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The country’s political situation did not change, and Côte d ’ Ivoire continued to face this impasse. Another agreement was signed on March 4, 2007, in Ouagadougou, under the leadership of President Blaise Compaoré. Finally, after several postponements Côte d ’ Ivoire had its presidential elections with a The resolution of a conflict is not only a matter of negotiations, or the end of hostilities, but also of conflict transformation. The School of Conflict Transformation focuses on a possible transformation of rooted armed conflicts in a peaceful conflict, based on a different understanding of peacebuilding.

In the last legislative elections, in December 2016, the RHDP, then allied to the PDCI, won an absolute majority with 167 seats.

As an outsider against the RHDP and the PDCI-EDS alliance, another alliance was formed between the former Prime Minister of Mr. Gbagbo, Pascal Affi N'Guessan, and the formations of a former minister, Albert Mabri Toikeusse, and the former leader of the "Young Patriots" Charles Blé Goudé, who has long been one of the pillars of the galaxy of supporters of Laurent Gbagbo.

MM. Gbagbo and Blé Goudé were acquitted of crimes against humanity by the ICC in 2019 and still live in Europe, Mr. Blé Goudé in The Hague and Mr. Gbagbo in Brussels. The ex-president has resided there since his parole by the ICC in January 2019, pending a possible appeal from the ICC prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda.

His supporters are eagerly awaiting his return, which he recently announced on Facebook for "soon".

"With my return, I intend to take my place in the process of national reconciliation and contribute to the reestablishment of the bonds of fraternity, conviviality and solidarity which have always characterized our people", he wrote.

President Ouattara declared himself in favor, in the name of "national reconciliation", for this return, which is however long overdue.

06/03/2021 05:20:16 - Abidjan (AFP) - © 2021 AFP

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