•   
  •   
  •   

US The U.S. Fertility Rate Is Down, Yet More Women Are Mothers

21:25  18 january  2018
21:25  18 january  2018 Source:   nytimes.com

US child mortality ranks worst among 20 wealthy countries, study finds

  US child mortality ranks worst among 20 wealthy countries, study finds The United States has the worst overall child mortality rate, compared with those of 19 other wealthy nations, a new study finds.That's according to a study published in the journal Health Affairs on Monday.

Women are planning to have children at later ages, when they are more likely to have trouble conceiving. And the fertility rate has not rebounded A version of this article appears in print on , on Page A13 of the New York edition with the headline: Fertility Rate Is Down , Yet More U . S . Women

Yet the new data offer some optimism about the fertility picture. By one retrospective measure, at least, women are more Both have been declining. The general fertility rate in the United States is at a record low, and the total fertility rate in the United States is down to 1.84 births per woman .

a baby sitting on a bed: This baby, Emma, was born in November in Knoxville, Tenn., from an embryo that had been frozen for nearly 25 years. Progress in reproductive technology is part of the story of why women are delaying motherhood. © Agence France-Presse — Getty Images This baby, Emma, was born in November in Knoxville, Tenn., from an embryo that had been frozen for nearly 25 years. Progress in reproductive technology is part of the story of why women are delaying motherhood.

A baby bust. The fertility rate at a record low. Millennials deciding not to have children. There has been a lot of worry about the state of American fertility.

Sign Up For the Morning Briefing Newsletter

Yet today, 86 percent of women ages 40 to 44 — near the end of their reproductive years — are mothers, up from 80 percent in 2006, reversing decades of declines, according to a new analysis of census data by Pew Research Center.

For moms of boys, mixed emotions over sexual misconduct saga

  For moms of boys, mixed emotions over sexual misconduct saga Of the many American women dismayed by the wave of sexual misconduct scandals, there's a subgroup with distinctive hopes and fears: mothers of boys. Among them are women who have sought to raise their sons, sometimes from infancy, to shun sexist mindsets and be respectful of girls. Yet even some of these mothers worry about countervailing peer pressure their sons might face. And there's uncertainty as to whether their sons' generation, as adult men, will be less likely to perpetrate or condone sexual misconduct.

Yet today, 86 percent of women ages 40 to 44 — near the end of their reproductive years — are mothers , up from 80 percent in 2006, reversing The general fertility rate in the United States is at a record low, and the total fertility rate in the United States is down to 1.84 births per woman .

Women are making plans to have kids at later ages, when they’re much more likely to have hassle conceiving. Yet the brand new knowledge be offering some optimism in regards to the fertility image. By one retrospective measure, a minimum of, girls are much more likely to have kids lately than they

The increase has been especially steep among groups of women who hadn’t been having as many babies in the past: those with advanced degrees, and those who have never been married. Today, 55 percent of never-married women ages 40 to 44 have at least one child, up from 31 percent two decades ago, Pew found.

The share of women who have children could drop again if current trends continue. Women are planning to have children at later ages, when they are more likely to have trouble conceiving. And the fertility rate has not rebounded after the recession in the way that many economists expected: The number of babies born per 1,000 women of childbearing age in 2016, the last year for which we have official data, was a record low.

Demographic experts and some conservatives have been sounding alarms about falling fertility rates. If young women continue to decide not to have children, or if they struggle to do so after waiting too long, it could depress the economy and fray the safety net. There would be fewer workers to support retirees, and fewer family members to care for older people — problems faced by other countries with falling fertility, like Japan.

Venezuela president offers pregnant women $3.83 a month

  Venezuela president offers pregnant women $3.83 a month A new monthly subsidy announced by President Nicolas Maduro is worth $3.83. It's unlikely to change much for people living in a nation plagued by hyperinflation.Emphasis on "a little.

The biggest increases have come from some groups who in the past were far less likely to have babies: highly educated women , those over 40, and women who have never been married. Read More

Although the overall fertility rate in the United States has declined, more women these days are becoming mothers . Women over 40, well educated women , and women who have not been married before, are having more children than in the past.

Yet the new data offer some optimism about the fertility picture. By one retrospective measure, at least, women are more likely to have children today than they were a decade ago. The measure is called completed fertility, or the share of women who are now 40 to 44 who have had a baby. It looks at the whole of women’s reproductive lives, not just one year, and reflects what they actually did, not what they were projected to do. (The vast majority of women do not have babies after age 44, so this is the age researchers commonly use.)

The biggest increases in motherhood since the 1990s were in groups of women with higher education. While women without college degrees have always been highly likely to have a child, women with college or advanced degrees had been less so, until recent years.

Now, 80 percent of women with professional degrees or doctorates have a child by the time they are 44, compared with 65 percent two decades ago, perhaps indicating that fewer women see long educations or demanding careers as a bar to having a family. Meanwhile, motherhood among women who have never married has risen across racial and educational groups.

Women march in Polish cities to demand abortion rights

  Women march in Polish cities to demand abortion rights Hundreds took part in a march in Warsaw on Wednesday but it wasn't immediately clear how many took place in other cities.Hundreds took part in a march in Warsaw on Wednesday but it wasn't immediately clear how many took place in other cities. The turnout appeared far smaller than similar marches that mobilized huge crowds in 2016.

The biggest increases have come from some groups who in the past were far less likely to have babies: highly educated women , those over 40, and women who have never been married. Read More

By CLAIRE CAIN MILLER. The biggest increases have come from some groups who in the past were far less likely to have babies: highly educated women , those over 40, and women who have never been married.

In the mid-1990s, it was almost unheard-of for a never-married woman in her early 40s with a postgraduate degree to have a child, according to the Pew report. Today, 25 percent of women who fit that profile do.

Women who are 40 to 44 also planned their families during a different atmosphere for childbearing, since many of them had children in the late 1990s and early 2000s. The economy was strong, and in vitro fertilization and other assisted reproductive technologies were becoming more accessible and successful.

Fertility data is more complicated than it might seem because there are many ways to measure fertility rates, and each gives a different snapshot. The general fertility rate measures the number of births for every 1,000 women of childbearing age in a given year, and the total fertility rate estimates how many children women will have based on current patterns.

Both have been declining. The general fertility rate in the United States is at a record low, and the total fertility rate in the United States is down to 1.84 births per woman.

Completed fertility — the share of women who give birth by the time they are 44 — peaked in the late 1970s, when baby boomers were having children. It declined to a low in 2006 before rising again, and is now near the level of the late 1970s.

Parenthood's Monica Potter Is Not Pregnant, Suffers From Colitis

  Parenthood's Monica Potter Is Not Pregnant, Suffers From Colitis Contrary to speculation, Parenthood alum Monica Potter is not pregnant. Commenters were quick to congratulate her when she posted a photo of her bare stomach on Wednesday, January 17, and wrote that she had “something to share.” However, just hours later, she announced she actually struggles with colitis and posted the pic in order to raise awareness. “Thank you to everyone who has sent me well wishes. I’m not pregnant but wanted to shed some light on some issues we all may deal with, especially women,” she captioned an Instagram video on Thursday.

Yet the new data offer some optimism about the fertility picture. By one retrospective measure, at least, women are more Both have been declining. The general fertility rate in the United States is at a record low, and the total fertility rate in the United States is down to 1.84 births per woman .

increases have come from some groups who in the past were far less likely to have babies: the highly educated, those over 40, and women who have never been married. The evidence that implicates the virus as the cause of this public health emergency has been demonstrated ever more consistently.

One thing complicating measurement is that people are delaying childbirth. Though the overall general fertility rate decreased in 2016, it increased for women 30 and older.

The median age at which women first give birth has risen to 26, and women are significantly less likely than they were two decades ago to give birth as teenagers or in their early 20s, and more likely to do so in their 40s, Pew reported.

There are lots of explanations for why people are waiting to have children: later marriage, student debt; stagnant wages; recovery from the recession; more education and improved job prospects for women; and a lack of support for families in which both parents work.

It might be that most of these women end up having children, and completed fertility continues to rise. But the ability to conceive and have a baby decreases with age, and fertility treatments are expensive. There is some evidence that women say they want to have more children than they end up having.

Despite the Pew findings, Lyman Stone, an adviser at Demographic Intelligence who writes about demographics and economics, remains concerned about the national birthrate. “The extent of the delay and decline in fertility for younger women is so vast that to recover it in later years sort of boggles the mind,” he said.

More birth defects reported in states with local spread of Zika .
MIAMI - The kinds of birth defects associated with Zika, including microcephaly and other brain abnormalities, have increased in parts of the United States where mosquitoes were spreading the virus in 2016, including South Florida, according to a new report from the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Areas with local spread of Zika - including Florida, a portion of southern Texas, and Puerto Rico - saw a 21 percent spike in these kinds of birth defects during the second half of 2016 compared with births that took place during the first half of that year, CDC officials reported.

—   Share news in the SOC. Networks

Topical videos:

This is interesting!