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US What is acute flaccid myelitis, the mysterious polio-like disorder affecting kids?

17:30  11 october  2018
17:30  11 october  2018 Source:   msn.com

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The cause of acute flaccid myelitis is largely unknown. The condition can paralyze a child's arms and legs. To find out more about Facebook commenting please read the Conversation Guidelines and FAQs. What is acute flaccid myelitis , the mysterious polio - like disorder affecting kids ?

Acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) is a rare but serious neurologic illness of sudden onset, usually in children. It presents with localised limb weakness of unknown cause.

The Centers for Disease and Control is investigating a mysterious polio-like disorder that is on the rise across the nation. It mainly affects children.

Acute flaccid myelitis affects a person's nervous system and can paralyze a child's arms and legs. Between 2014 and 2018, the CDC received reports of more than 360 cases. It is actively investigating AFM cases, and trying to unearth more information about the rare condition.

Recently, the Minnesota Department of Health announced six cases had been reported in children under 10 years old. The cause of most of the AFM cases is unknown. Some cases have been linked to poliovirus (polio) and West Nile virus, according to the CDC.

Six cases of rare 'polio-like' illness diagnosed in children in Minnesota

  Six cases of rare 'polio-like' illness diagnosed in children in Minnesota Six children in Minnesota have been diagnosed with acute flaccid myelitis, known as AFM, since mid-September, state health officials said. Acute flaccid myelitis, known as AFM, affects the body's nervous system -- specifically, the spinal cord -- and can cause paralysis. Unlike polio, there is no vaccine for AFM. Minnesota typically sees less than one case a year, the state Department of Health reported. The disease typically affects children; all the recent cases in Minnesota were in children younger than 10. AFM can develop from a viral infection, although its exact cause is unknown.

This Mysterious Polio - Like Paralysis Was Diagnosed In 6 Children. The condition can affect children after a "These kids generally present with sudden muscle weakness in the arms or legs, and a lot Acute flaccid myelitis is not spread person-to-person like polio, but instead seems to only happen

Acute flaccid myelitis is a polio - like syndrome that causes weakened muscles and, sometimes, paralysis. There's no cure, but it remains extremely rare. Quinton Hill, 7, of Lakeville, Minnesota, is one of six children diagnosed with acute flaccid myelitis this year. He's since recovered.TODAY.

Symptoms include drooping face and eyelids, difficulty moving eyes and swallowing, and slurred speech. In severe cases, children might have trouble breathing and need a ventilator because of muscle weakness.

Even with extensive lab testing, AFM is difficult to diagnose, because it so similar to other conditions, including poliovirus, West Nile virus and adenoviruses, the CDC reports.

There is no specific treatment for AFM, and the long-term outcomes for AFM patients is unknown.

While cases have been on the rise since 2014, AFM still affects a small population — less than one in a million people in the United States annually.

The CDC recommends people follow normal disease prevention steps to avoid AFM, including staying current on vaccines, washing hands and avoiding mosquito bites.

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