US: U.S. anti-abortion groups plot course from state capitals to Supreme Court - PressFrom - US
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USU.S. anti-abortion groups plot course from state capitals to Supreme Court

13:10  16 may  2019
13:10  16 may  2019 Source:   reuters.com

ACLU, Planned Parenthood sue over Alabama abortion ban

ACLU, Planned Parenthood sue over Alabama abortion ban The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and Planned Parenthood filed a lawsuit on Friday challenging a law enacted by Alabama last week that bans nearly all abortions and makes performing the procedure a felony punishable by up to 99 years in prison. The lawsuit is one of several the groups have filed or are preparing to file against states that recently passed strict anti-abortion measures in an effort to prompt the U.S. Supreme Court to overturn Roe v. Wade, the 1973 landmark case that guarantees a woman's constitutional right to abortion.

Anti - abortion advocacy groups have pushed hard in recent months for the passage of bills to restrict or even ban the procedure outright at the state level Anti - abortion campaigners have been seeking to overturn a woman’ s constitutional right to an abortion ever since the U . S . Supreme Court found

Anti - abortion campaigners have been seeking to overturn a woman' s constitutional right to an abortion ever since the U . S . Supreme Court found they had that right in the 1973 decision Roe v. Wade. The momentum has picked up since Republican President Donald Trump appointed two justices to the

U.S. anti-abortion groups plot course from state capitals to Supreme Court© Reuters/CHRISTOPHER ALUKA BERRY Pro-choice supporters protest in front of the Alabama State House as Alabama state Senate votes on the strictest anti-abortion bill in the United States at the Alabama Legislature in Montgomery

(Reuters) - Anti-abortion advocacy groups have pushed hard in recent months for the passage of bills to restrict or even ban the procedure outright at the state level, inspired by the perception that the U.S. Supreme Court has tilted in their favor.

Anti-abortion campaigners have been seeking to overturn a woman's constitutional right to an abortion ever since the U.S. Supreme Court found they had that right in the 1973 decision Roe v. Wade.

ACLU, Planned Parenthood file lawsuit challenging Ohio anti-abortion law

ACLU, Planned Parenthood file lawsuit challenging Ohio anti-abortion law The American Civil Liberties Union, its Ohio branch and Planned Parenthood on Wednesday filed a lawsuit challenging an Ohio law that they say could ban abortion as early as six weeks into a woman's pregnancy. The law, which was passed by the Republican-controlled state legislature in April, bans abortions if doctors can detect a heartbeat, which can occur as early as six weeks into pregnancy. Four other U.S. states have passed similar "heartbeat" abortion bans in 2019 seen as part of a push to overturn the landmark 1973 Roe v. Wade U.S. Supreme Court decision declaring abortion a constitutional right.

Anti - abortion campaigners have been seeking to overturn a woman' s constitutional right to an abortion ever since the U . S . Supreme Court found they had that right in the 1973 decision Roe v. Wade. The momentum has picked up since Republican President Donald Trump appointed two justices to the

Anti - abortion campaigners have been seeking to overturn a woman' s constitutional right to an abortion ever since the U . S . Supreme Court found they had that right in the 1973 decision Roe v. Wade. The momentum has picked up since Republican President Donald Trump appointed two justices to the

The momentum has picked up since Republican President Donald Trump appointed two justices to the nine-member Supreme Court in the past two years.

State legislatures with Republican majorities are passing laws they know will face legal challenge, hoping the Supreme Court will eventually decide to hear one that could overturn Roe.

In Alabama, Republican legislators on Tuesday took the most extreme position yet of any state, banning nearly all abortions and only allowing exceptions to protect the mother's health. Governor Kay Ivey signed it into law on Wednesday.

Republican Senator Clyde Chambliss, arguing in favor of the Alabama bill, said the whole point was "so that we can go directly to the Supreme Court to challenge Roe versus Wade."

Pat Robertson: Alabama 'has gone too far' with 'extreme' abortion law

Pat Robertson: Alabama 'has gone too far' with 'extreme' abortion law Televangelist Pat Robertson, who is opposed to abortion, criticized an anti-abortion bill passed by the Alabama legislature Tuesday as "extreme.""I think Alabama has gone too far," he said during a Wednesday appearance on "The 700 Club", referencing the bill's 99-year maximum sentence for doctors who perform abortions and the fact that it does not provide exceptions for rape or incest cases. He added that he does not think the bill would be upheld by the Supreme Court. "It's an extreme law and they want to challenge Roe vs. Wade but my humble view is that this is not the case we want to bring to the Supreme Court because I think this one will lose," he said.

Anti - abortion campaigners have been seeking to overturn a woman' s constitutional right to an abortion ever since the U . S . Supreme Court found they had that right in the 1973 decision Roe v. Wade. The momentum has picked up since Republican President Donald Trump appointed two justices to the

Anti - abortion campaigners have been seeking to overturn a woman' s constitutional right to an abortion ever since the U . S . Supreme Court found they had that right in the 1973 decision Roe v. Wade. The momentum has picked up since Republican President Donald Trump appointed two justices to the

Other activists have the same strategy.

"From the beginning we have always kept a goal in mind and that is the Supreme Court," said Janet Porter, president of Faith2Action, a Christian organization that has successfully promoted "heartbeat" bills outlawing abortion once a doctor can detect embryonic cardiac activity, which occurs as early as six weeks after conception.

"There's been a shift. This is the year America went from regulating abortion to ending it," Porter said.

Just this year, four states have passed "heartbeat" bills. They are among 15 states that have introduced six-week bans this year, according to the Guttmacher Institute, an abortion rights group. Three other states passed similar laws in previous years, Porter said.

MODEL LEGISLATION

Anti-abortion groups have turned to so-called model legislation that can be copied and modified for multiple states.

Supreme Court's Breyer, mentioning abortion case, warns about overturning precedent

Supreme Court's Breyer, mentioning abortion case, warns about overturning precedent Among the cases that deserve respect as precedent is the court's 1992 ruling in Planned Parenthood v. Casey, which upheld the fundamental right to an abortion, he wrote.

Anti - abortion campaigners have been seeking to overturn a woman' s constitutional right to an abortion ever since the U . S . Supreme Court found they had that right in the 1973 decision Roe v. Wade. The momentum has picked up since Republican President Donald Trump appointed two justices to the

Anti - abortion campaigners have been seeking to overturn a woman' s constitutional right to an abortion ever since the U . S . Supreme Court found they had that right in the 1973 decision Roe v. Wade. The momentum has picked up since Republican President Donald Trump appointed two justices to the

The National Right To Life Committee has supported laws in 15 state laws that ban abortions when the fetus can feel pain, 12 that ban dismemberment abortion and eight that require informing a woman she can reverse course after taking the first of two abortion pills, Executive Director David O'Steen said.

But O'Steen cautioned against depending too much on Supreme Court action. Supreme Court precedent is rarely overturned, so it would be remarkable if the court even decided to hear a case that could challenge Roe.

"Any speculation as to what the court will do on any particular bill at this time is purely that - speculation," O'Steen said.

Abortion rights groups are relying on the Supreme Court's respect for precedent and say their main focus is on getting lower courts to stop laws such as those passed in Alabama and Georgia.

"It's going to be some time before the court even addresses that question. We should be worrying about what's going on right now. Right now, states are regulating abortion out of reach," said Talcott Camp, deputy director of the American Civil Liberties Union Foundation's Reproductive Freedom Project.

Porter applauded the Alabama law, saying it was better than her heartbeat bill. But she said the heartbeat bill was designed in part to challenge Roe, which guarantees a woman's right to an abortion prior to the "viability" of the fetus to survive outside the womb.

The High Court found viability was usually 28 weeks "but may occur earlier, even at 24 weeks." Porter is hoping for a new interpretation that establishes the heartbeat as the standard.

(Reporting by Daniel Trotta; Editing by Cynthia Osterman)

Indiana abortion cases ripe for U.S. Supreme Court action.
Indiana abortion cases ripe for U.S. Supreme Court action

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