US: Two neighboring states have adopted abortion laws that are worlds apart - PressFrom - US
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USTwo neighboring states have adopted abortion laws that are worlds apart

19:10  12 june  2019
19:10  12 june  2019 Source:   abcnews.go.com

Poll: More than half of Americans identify as pro-choice

Poll: More than half of Americans identify as pro-choice More than half of Americans now identify as "pro-choice" when it comes to abortion, according to a new NPR/PBS NewsHour/Marist poll released Friday. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.getMedianetNativeAds(true); }); The poll found that 57 percent of Americans said they support abortion rights, while 35 percent of those surveyed said they were "pro-life," or against the procedure. A similar poll in January found that 55 percent of Americans considered themselves "pro-choice," while 38% identified as "pro-life.

Some states have limited access to abortion through legislation and other means, as pressure from both sides of the debate have The basic provisions of Ohio's current abortion laws are listed in the following chart, along with summaries of the changes in Ohio abortion law that are yet to be enacted.

Abortion law permits, prohibits, restricts, or otherwise regulates the availability of abortion . Abortion has been a controversial subject in many societies through history on religious, moral, ethical, practical, and political grounds. It has been banned frequently and otherwise limited by law .

Two neighboring states have adopted abortion laws that are worlds apart© Office of Missouri Governor Missouri Governor Mike Parson signs a bill banning abortion after the seventh week of pregnancy at his office in Jefferson City, Mo., May 24, 2019.

Activists and concerned citizens across the country have been paying close attention to the ongoing changes to abortion laws in Missouri and Illinois in recent weeks, but two people know the differences better than most.

David Eisenberg and Erin King are married. They are both trained doctors and both perform abortions. And while they both live and practice in Missouri, King doesn't perform abortions there.

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Abortion in the United States refers to the practice of terminating a pregnancy, and it is among the most controversial and divisive issues in American society, culture and politics.

New York state has enacted strong new legal protections for abortion rights. The new law , signed by Governor Andrew Cuomo on Tuesday, safeguards rights laid The Reproductive Health Act replaces a 1970 state abortion law that was passed three years before Roe legalized abortion nationwide.

Instead, she works at two medical facilities. In Missouri, she is a general obstetrician-gynecologist at a practice in downtown St. Louis. Just across the border in Illinois, she serves as a physician and the executive director at the Hope Clinic for Women, which provides abortions.

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"What my husband has to comply with as a gynecologist performing abortions, the regulations are barely insurmountable," King told ABC New. Those regulations, she said, "are the reason why I don't do abortions in Missouri."

To get an abortion in Missouri as of May 2018, patients must hear state-directed counseling in-person and then wait 72 hours to get the procedure, per the Guttmacher Institute, a reproductive rights research group initially formed under Planned Parenthood that has been operating separately for years. Private insurance only covers abortion in cases of life endangerment, telemedicine abortion is banned, and a minor must receive parental consent.

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The United States is one of at least 49 countries that allow abortions at a woman's request with no justification requirement, according to the World Health However, they likely won't be able to travel to neighboring Mississippi and Georgia, just two of a growing list of states who have enacted, or have

Four states — Mississippi, Louisiana, North Dakota and South Dakota — are already prepared with trigger laws that will automatically ban abortion if Roe v. Wade is overturned. The four laws , each of which make performing or prescribing an abortion a felony, were passed between 2005 and 2007.

To get an abortion in Illinois, per Guttmacher, the only restriction as of May 2018 is that a minor's parent must be informed.

Missouri and Illinois are the latest example of two states -- in this case, neighbors -- going in opposite direction on an issue as a result of a political dichotomy.

"Every day, we talk about the differences between Missouri and Illinois and how much we realize that in Missouri it's so much harder to provide the care that women need," Eisenberg said.

Two neighboring states have adopted abortion laws that are worlds apart© Saul Loeb/AFP/Getty Images, FILE David Eisenberg, medical director for Planned Parenthood of the St. Louis Region, speaks during a press conference at the Planned Parenthood Reproductive Health Services Center in St. Louis, May 31, 2019.

On the one hand, Illinois will soon be joining several states that moved to protect abortion rights and expand access this year as the state's new governor is expected to sign the Reproductive Health Act into law. That act would get rid of criminal penalties for doctors performing some abortions as well as restrictions on some later-term abortions.

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Ten new restrictions on abortion were adopted in five states . Several states have put extreme restrictions in place since Trump's election: Iowa tried to ban abortion at six weeks, well Ahead, we have compiled the laws and restrictions around abortion in all 50 states and the District of Columbia.

Several states have laws that prosecute mothers who use illegal drugs while pregnant Seventeen states require that for medication abortions — a safe and common method for first-trimester abortions — the doctor who prescribed the medication must be physically present while the patient takes it.

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On the other hand, Missouri joined more than half a dozen states in recent months in moving to restrict abortion rights, as the governor signed a law that would ban abortions after eight weeks.

"I believe that in the 10 years that I've been in Missouri, that the politicians that are elected to state office move further and further [to the right]," Eisenberg told ABC News.

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He's not wrong: The number of Republican members in the state's House of Representatives has increased dramatically during that period, going from a nearly even split of 88 Republicans and 74 Democrats before the 2010 election to 116 Republicans and 47 Democrats after the 2018 election.

Missouri has had a state government trifecta -- where the House, Senate and governor are all controlled by or of the same party -- for three years.

Two neighboring states have adopted abortion laws that are worlds apart© Jeff Roberson/AP, FILE Anti-abortion supporters gather outside the Planned Parenthood clinic Tuesday, June 4, 2019, in St. Louis.

But since Gov. Mike Parson took over after his predecessor, Eric Greitens, resigned a year into his term, there's been further movement on abortion.

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Abortion is as controversial abroad as it is in the United States . Many governments struggle to strike a balance between the rights of pregnant women and. Although there are no explicit exceptions to this prohibition, Iranian law generally allows acts that are performed to save the life of a person; thus, it is

Alabama abortion laws are restrictive, but not nearly as much as some neighboring states . Tennessee has a law that requires a person seeking an abortion to prove residency in the state . USA Today reported that in 2015 Tennessee adopted a waiting period of 48 hours before a woman

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In addition to the eight-week ban, which does not include exemptions for rape and incest, the state's department of health is battling the lone abortion clinic -- which Eisenberg runs -- in court. The abortion ban has been challenged in court and is not yet in place, and a preliminary injunction has been ordered in the case of the abortion clinic, which was allowed to remain open until June 21.

"It's not a surprise that now that these people are in power, that the legislation that's being passed and signed is anti-abortion. These were clear goals laid out in the platforms when people were running," King said.

Even the former chairman of the Missouri Republican Party, John Hancock, who currently works as a political operative, said state politicians "could be" going further than what the residents want.

"Missouri is a pro-life state," Hancock said. "Most people in Missouri are pro-life, [but] I don't think most people in Missouri support outlawing abortion in the case of rape or incest."

Hancock said that while he feels that Missouri "has been culturally conservative for a very long time," a number of residents who used to consider themselves conservative Democrats are now voting for Republicans because, he feels, "the Democratic Party has become more and more liberal."

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Conti: Federal law is meant to protect the right to abortion up to the point of viability (often thought of as 24 weeks from the last menstrual period), but numerous states have subsequently enacted harmful gestational age limits that are ideologically motivated and not based in science. Your right to an

States cannot pass laws banning abortion outright and so they impose restrictions, such as waiting periods, to delay women, along with onerous requirements that cause abortion clinics to shut down. Limited access to providers can amount to a de facto ban on abortion . A law in Texas is a good case

As an example of Democrats moving "more liberal," anti-abortion advocates point to New York's signing of the Reproductive Health Act, which legalized abortion in the state after 24 weeks if the patient's health was at risk or the fetus was not viable.

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Jeanne Mancini, the president of March for Life, told ABC News she believes the New York law "very much contributed to what we're seeing in different states, for example in Missouri."

Two neighboring states have adopted abortion laws that are worlds apart© Jeenah Moon/Reuters, FILE lllinois Governor J.B. Pritzker delivers remarks at the North America's Building Trades Unions 2019 legislative conference in Washington, April 9, 2019.

Illinois, Mancini said, is following in New York's footsteps, to the point she feels anti-abortion activists are "swimming upstream in Illinois." Both states achieved Democratic trifectas in 2019.

"Sadly, if the Reproductive Health Act is signed into law, Illinois will have made themselves into the most leftward leaning state that is wide open to abortion," she said.

For Illinois Gov. J.B. Pritzker, a Democrat who entered office earlier this year, that's exactly the point.

"Illinois is making history, because our state will now be the most progressive in the nation for reproductive healthcare. In Illinois, we trust women to make the most personal and fundamental decisions of their lives -- and now, that will be the law of the land, even as it's under threat in other states," Pritzker said in a statement when the Reproductive Health Act passed on May 31. He said he plans to sign the bill.

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The law "will expand our state ’s already radically permissive law , by empowering more health practitioners to provide abortion and removing all state restrictions on late-term procedures," said the Online, abortion opponents have crafted many Facebook messages about the New York law .

Abortion in the United States by state . Read in another language. Watch this page. Edit. Abortion in the United States is legal via the landmark 1973 case of Roe v. Wade. Specifically, abortion is legal in all U.S. states , and every state has at least one abortion clinic.

Beyond trusting women and doctors, part of the push that drove abortion access protections in Illinois may be geographic, said Elizabeth Nash, a senior policy analyst for the Guttmacher Institute.

"I think Illinois really recognizes where it sits geographically, and it's surrounded by some really conservative states, Missouri being one of them," Nash said.

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More than 5,500 women came to Illinois from other states to get abortions in 2017, the Chicago Tribune reported, although their states of origin were not specified.

"In 2017, something clicked in the Illinois legislature, really recognizing the need to protect abortion rights and access, and the appointment of [Supreme Court Justice Brett] Kavanaugh sort of further solidified the recognition that abortion needs to be protected," Nash said.

While the fate of Missouri's law banning abortions remains with the courts, the attitude towards abortion access is not something King or Eisenberg seem to think will change in the immediate future.

Two neighboring states have adopted abortion laws that are worlds apart© Lawrence Bryant/Reuters A banner stating "STILL HERE" hangs on the side of the Planned Parenthood Building after a judge granted a temporary restraining order on the closing of Missouri's sole remaining Planned Parenthood clinic in St. Louis, May 31, 2019.

In the meantime, King said that even before the ban was signed into law, more than half of the patients at the Hope Clinic for Women just across the border in Granite City, Illinois, were Missouri residents. King noted that Hope Clinic is a 15-minute drive from the Planned Parenthood of the St. Louis Region and Southwest Missouri, where Eisenberg serves as medical director.

For Eisenberg, he sees his work as something of a calling.

"When I came to St. Louis, I came here with the hopes that I could help improve access to care and improve health and well-being of the people we take care of, and I feel like we have done that in spite of the state," he said. "I signed up for this job. I knew what I was getting into when I came to St. Louis."

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