USFewer women are having abortions. Why?

00:20  14 june  2019
00:20  14 june  2019 Source:   usatoday.com

Missourians wait 'on pins and needles' to see if legal abortions will vanish from their state

Missourians wait 'on pins and needles' to see if legal abortions will vanish from their state While a judge considers the fate of Missouri's last abortion clinic, the state's health director doubled down Wednesday on claims the clinic has "issues." But he refused to specify what those issues were. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.getMedianetNativeAds(true); }); The drama unfolding in America's heartland could have a ripple effect across the country because Missouri may become the first state in the country with no abortion clinics. Five other states also are one clinic away from that fate.

In the first half of 2019, several states have passed some of the most restrictive abortion bans since Roe v. Wade legalized the procedure in 1973. The new laws are part of a nearly decade-long wave of anti-abortion legislation that pro-life activists see as key to reducing and eventually eliminating abortion in the U.S.

Is it working?

A 2018 report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows the national abortion rate declined 26% between 2006 and 2015, reaching a historic low. But the CDC did not credit a single driver. Is it the proliferation of restrictive abortion laws? Increased access to contraception? More comprehensive sex education?

Even as Floods Worsen With Climate Change, Fewer People Insure Against Disaster

Even as Floods Worsen With Climate Change, Fewer People Insure Against Disaster WASHINGTON — Despite years of devastating flooding and hurricanes, the number of Americans with flood insurance remains well below its level a decade ago, undermining the nation’s ability to cope with disasters just as climate change makes them more frequent and severe. In some of the states hardest-hit by the recent brutal flooding in the Midwest, the number of federal flood insurance policies has dropped by at least one-third since 2011. As a result, in Nebraska, Illinois and Missouri, the share of homes in floodplains that have flood insurance is now 15 percent or less.

Fewer women are having abortions. Why? © Provided by USA TODAY, a division of Gannett Satellite Information Network, Inc.

Mary Ziegler, a professor at the Florida State University College of Law who specializes in the legal history of reproduction, says it's likely all of it.

"The picture is messy and complicated and cannot be reduced to talking points," she said.

Better birth control and more of it

The vast majority of abortions are a result of unplanned pregnancies, according to the CDC. Its data shows the number of unintended pregnancies decreased from 51% in 2008 to 45% between 2011 and 2013, noting that more women using contraception and more effective forms of contraception like intrauterine devices, might be factors.

Elizabeth Nash, senior state issues manager at the Guttmacher Institute, a research and policy organization that advances sexual and reproductive health and rights, says Obamacare could also be contributing to the decline. The Affordable Care Act's federal contraceptive coverage guarantee applies to most private health plans, requiring coverage for a wide array of contraceptives used by women without any out-of-pocket costs.

The Hyde Amendment is saving (mostly nonwhite) lives

The Hyde Amendment is saving (mostly nonwhite) lives Repeal of the Hyde Amendment — the primary limitation on federal funding of abortion — would cost the lives of 60,000 unborn children every year. Many, if not most, will be nonwhite babies. For all the disputes over abortion data, this fact is not subject to serious disagreement. The proof is compelling, supported by arguments and statistics advanced by both sides of the debate.

The change made it possible, Nash said, for women to choose the method of contraception that best suited them, versus what they could afford.

Pro-life advocates tend to be skeptical about contraception.

"I think we have to be careful trying to assign this as the silver bullet — that this is what's driving the abortion decline," said Melanie Israel, a research associate at the Heritage Foundation's DeVos Center for Religion and Civil Society.

Ginny Ehrlich, chief executive officer of Power to Decide, a campaign to prevent unplanned pregnancy, says while contraception is more widely available, there are still more than 20 million women in need of publicly funded contraception — which refers to government programs that provide contraception to low-income women. She said 19.5 million of those women currently live in so-called contraceptive deserts, defined as lacking "reasonable access in their county to a health center that offers the full range of contraceptive methods."

Access To Abortion Changes Cis Men's Lives Too

Access To Abortion Changes Cis Men's Lives Too When Derek’s girlfriend Brynn got pregnant in 2005, they were both still college students. They had been in a relationship for two years and were living together near their school in Ohio. They were starting to ask themselves whether marriage and children would be in their futures, and if so, would that future be together. They were “just starting to develop into the adults we would become,” as Derek put it. And then Brynn got pregnant. They had

Many of these areas are in states passing some of the most restrictive abortion laws.

In Alabama, which passed a near-total abortion ban in May, more than 300,000 women need publicly funded contraception but live in contraceptive deserts, according to Power to Decide. In Missouri, which could become the only state without an abortion facility, that number is nearly 400,000. In Ohio, lack of access affects more than 700,000 women, and in Georgia, nearly 650,000 women are affected.

WHERE IS ABORTION LEGAL?: Everywhere. But ...

The CDC says providing free contraception to women would likely further reduce unwanted pregnancies and in turn abortion rates. It's why Power to Decide and other groups are advocating to make oral contraceptives available over the counter for free.

A 2018 study found nearly one in four adults and teens who aren't using contraception said they would use it if it was available over the counter.

So why hasn't it happened yet? The medical community is largely behind it, and the conversion also appears to have bipartisan support.

Ehrlich said no drug maker has fully completed the Food and Drug Administration's approval process.

A coalition of organizations, including Power to Decide, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, and Planned Parenthood, is working with a drug maker to have an OTC birth control pill approved by the FDA.

A focus on comprehensive sex education

Between 2006 and 2015, the abortion rate for girls between 15 and 19 plummeted 54%. Teen pregnancy rates are also down, reaching a record low in 2017.

The CDC says evidence suggests that more teens are abstaining from sex and that more teens who are sexually active are using birth control.

Some experts point to comprehensive sex education, defined as "age-appropriate, medically-accurate information on a broad set of topics related to sexuality," as one factor that may be changing behaviors that put teens at risk of pregnancy.

'BAD FOR BUSINESS': Major companies sign joint letter against abortion bans

"If you think about those years, that's when we were putting more funding into comprehensive sex ed. There was more funding available for programs that discussed condoms and contraception," said Jennifer Driver, state policy director at the Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States (SIECUS). "During that period, we were moving away from abstinence-until-marriage programs."

What Abortion Access Looks Like in Mississippi: One Person at a Time

What Abortion Access Looks Like in Mississippi: One Person at a Time When Brandy found out she was pregnant for the fifth time, she was 25 and single and had given birth to her third child two months earlier. 

Research shows teens who receive comprehensive sex education are significantly less likely to become pregnant than those who receive abstinence-only or no sex education.

Driver said many states with restrictive abortion laws, including Alabama and Georgia, also heavily stress abstinence-until-marriage in their sex ed programs.

More restrictive laws

Experts say the surge in abortion restrictions is making the procedure more difficult to access for women who live in states that pass them, especially poor women.

The CDC's 2018 report on the declining abortion rate says that in addition to more contraceptive use, the availability of abortion providers and regulations such as mandatory waiting periods and parental consent could also be contributing to fewer women having abortions.

Texas, for example, has passed a number of restrictions on abortion in the last several years and saw a 28% decline in the abortion rate between 2011 and 2014, according to Guttmacher.

If the recent surge of abortion restrictions goes into effect, Nash said "it might make it impossible for a number of patients to get the care they need."

Abortion decline isn't a shared goal

In the 1990s, President Bill Clinton said abortion should be "safe, legal and rare," a slogan that persisted among Democrats for years. It was a position on which pro-choice and pro-life activists could ostensibly agree, since it implied abortion is something to avoid.

Pro-choice advocates have moved from framing abortion as something that should be "rare" to something that should be accessible to any woman who needs it, though they strongly advocate for policies that reduce the number of unwanted pregnancies, which in turn reduces the need for abortion. Pro-life advocates say eliminating abortion is a chief goal and they view pro-life legislation as a key way to accomplish it.

Women's World Cup, NBA draft, celebrating 'Jaws': 5 things to know Thursday

Women's World Cup, NBA draft, celebrating 'Jaws': 5 things to know Thursday USWNT looks for revenge against Sweden at the Women's World Cup, all eyes on New Orleans during NBA draft night and more things to start your Thursday morning.

"The pro-life movement is ultimately seeking the day that every human being is both protected in law and welcomed in life," Israel said. "There's acknowledgment that there's a public policy piece of this, but there's also a cultural side. If abortion were suddenly illegal tomorrow, that's not going to change hearts and minds. The movement wants to make abortion unthinkable."

Meanwhile, pro-choice activists are focused on making abortion part of healthcare, a reproductive service any woman can access uneventfully if she chooses.

"Conversations about reducing the abortion rate can stigmatize people who have abortions," Nash said. "It's about giving people the access they need when they need it. We need to be able to trust people to make decisions they know are best for them."

There is no clear reason why abortion is declining in the U.S. And there isn't agreement that a decline is even desirable.

"We've changed what was an undeniable consensus — that reducing abortion was the goal," Ziegler said. "Now we're looking at whether the decline in abortion rates is something to be celebrated or worried about."

You may also be interested in:

  • How the Alabama abortion law is roiling Democratic and Republican politics
  • Conservative gains at Supreme Court leading to anger, frustration
  • When it comes to abortion, conservative women aren't a monolith
Fewer women are having abortions. Why?
Fewer women are having abortions. Why?
Fewer women are having abortions. Why?
Fewer women are having abortions. Why?
Fewer women are having abortions. Why?
Fewer women are having abortions. Why?
Fewer women are having abortions. Why?
Fewer women are having abortions. Why?
Fewer women are having abortions. Why?
Fewer women are having abortions. Why?

This article originally appeared on USA TODAY: Fewer women are having abortions. Why?

Read More

Why Porsha Williams Isn’t 'Going to Stress' After Dennis McKinley Split.
Trusting the process. Porsha Williams and Dennis McKinley may be over, but the Real Housewives of Atlanta star wants her followers to know she is doing just fine. ‘Real Housewives’ Couples Who Filed for Divorce After Appearing on TV “I’m not going to stress about things I can’t control or change,” a quote shared by Williams on Friday, June 21, via Instagram Story reads. “I trust that everything is unfolding exactly how and when it should. I’m forever blessed & grateful.” © Provided by American Media, LLC Porsha Williams Instagram Story Us Weekly confirmed on Thursday, June 20, that the Bravo personalty and her fiancé called off their engagement.

—   Share news in the SOC. Networks

Topical videos:

usr: 1
This is interesting!