•   
  •   
  •   

USThe 2020 census is coming. Will Native Americans be counted?

14:35  28 june  2019
14:35  28 june  2019 Source:   latimes.com

People Who Can’t Vote Still Count Politically in America. What if That Changes?

People Who Can’t Vote Still Count Politically in America. What if That Changes? Three years ago, before the Trump administration moved to add a citizenship question to the census, and before many experts even imagined what that might mean, the Supreme Court considered a case that raised a related question. 

“The thought of people coming out here and making us a part of any official count seems like a stretch, you know?” As the 2020 census nears, concern about an undercount of Native Americans is gaining traction here and across the country. Approximately 600,000 Native Americans live on tribal

Concern about an undercount of Native Americans is gaining traction here and across the country. Candice Norwood | June 19, 2019. “The thought of people coming out here and making us a part of any official count seems like a stretch, you know?” As the 2020 census nears, concern about an

The 2020 census is coming. Will Native Americans be counted?
The 2020 census is coming. Will Native Americans be counted?
The 2020 census is coming. Will Native Americans be counted?
The 2020 census is coming. Will Native Americans be counted?
The 2020 census is coming. Will Native Americans be counted?

CROWNPOINT, N.M. — Leonard Jones doesn’t remember a survey packet on the porch or a knock on his front door during the last census count.

Supreme Court Leaves Census Question on Citizenship in Doubt

Supreme Court Leaves Census Question on Citizenship in Doubt In a setback for the Trump administration, the Supreme Court on Thursday sent back to a lower court a case on whether the census should contain a citizenship question, leaving in doubt whether the question would be on the 2020 census. 

No previous U.S. Census has ever included LGBTQ Americans , which makes it challenging for federal agencies and researchers to accurately track the "The Subjects Planned for the 2020 Census and American Community Survey report released today inadvertently listed sexual orientation and gender

American Indians and Alaska Natives living on Native American reservations have historically been among the hardest to count . In the nearest he has come to a concession, Republican Trump said if Biden is certified the election winner by the Electoral College he will depart the White House.

But that doesn’t surprise him — not out here. Only family and close friends make the dusty 10-mile trek from the paved road, down dirt switchbacks lined by sandstone mesas, to his secluded home in northwestern New Mexico. There is no electricity, no running water, in the single-level sandstone structure.

“Few people know we’re out here,” Jones, who lives on the Navajo Nation reservation, said on a recent morning as his son Brett trimmed his hair. “We live in nature.”

“The thought of people coming out here and making us a part of any official count seems like a stretch, you know?”

As the 2020 census nears, concern about an undercount of Native Americans is gaining traction here and across the country.

Trump's idea for U.S. Census delay would be unprecedented -experts

Trump's idea for U.S. Census delay would be unprecedented -experts President Donald Trump on Thursday proposed an extraordinary delay to the 2020 census after the U.S. Supreme Court blocked his effort to add a citizenship question, but legal experts said such a move would violate the Constitution. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.getMedianetNativeAds(true); }); The U.S. Constitution directs the census take place every 10 years, and a delay via executive action would be unprecedented, experts said.

Will Native Americans be undercounted? Lack of connectivity and language are two reasons why the Native American community has historically been The 2020 census will begin early in Alaska, one of the few places where the count is still taken in person, in order to reach an indigenous community

“ Native Americans still speak native languages, and the census form is entirely in English,” Landreth said. Navajo assistance, while significant, is not Sens. Brian Schatz, D-Hawaii, and Lisa Murkowski, R-Alaska, introduced a resolution Dec. 12 meant to ensure the 2020 census count was fair and

Approximately 600,000 Native Americans live on tribal reservations, semi-sovereign entities governed by elected indigenous leaders. Here on the Navajo Nation — the country’s largest reservation, spanning portions of New Mexico, Arizona and Utah — roughly 175,000 people live in a mostly rural high desert area bigger than West Virginia.

While other reservations are smaller, most are also remote. And all are home to a longstanding distrust of the U.S. government. Those factors help make Native American reservations among the most difficult places to canvass during the census, the once-per-decade federal effort to find and tally every resident of the U.S.

In the 2010 count, nearly 1 in 7 Native Americans living on a reservation was missed, according to an audit by the U.S. Census Bureau. That adds up to 82,000 people overlooked and uncounted — equal to skipping the entire city of Santa Fe, New Mexico’s capital.

Why the Supreme Court’s Rulings Have Profound Implications for American Politics

Why the Supreme Court’s Rulings Have Profound Implications for American Politics WASHINGTON — The rulings by the Supreme Court on Thursday in bitterly contested battles over partisan gerrymandering and the addition of a citizenship question to the 2020 census grappled with issues fundamental to the nation’s democracy: How power is allocated, and ultimately, how much of a voice the American people have in selecting their leaders. But far from settling these questions, the court has unleashed even higher-pitched and partisan struggles over once-settled aspects of the country’s governance, placing greater pressures on the nation’s political system.

Will Native Americans be counted ?" An analysis conducted for the June 13, 2019, Los Angeles Times story " The 2020 census is coming . Will Native Americans be counted ?"

Census data are used to determine funding allocation of billions of dollars to schools, hospitals, fire department, Federal programs and other resources for the coming decade. Why are children under 5 undercounted in the U.S. census ? Unfortunately, certain sectors of the population — like young

With seats in Congress and statehouses determined by population, political power is at stake. So is each reservation’s slice of more than $900 billion in annual federal spending doled out largely in accordance with census data.

“If a place doesn’t get a fair count, they don’t get their fair share,” said William O’Hare, a demographer and author who has studied the effects of errors in the census.

Getting a fair share is especially important in places like the Navajo Nation, said Seth Damon, speaker for the tribal council.

Roughly 85% of the reservation’s roads are unpaved. If there hadn’t been an undercount in 2010, Damon said, the tribe likely would have received more money from the Federal Highway Administration Tribal Transportation Program.

“For the Navajo Nation and Indian Country,” Damon said, “the census determines whether your dirt roads get graveled or paved, or whether your people move from dirt floors to a solid foundation.”

The Census Bureau’s struggles in 2010 resulted in more than 80% of reservation lands being ranked among the country’s hardest-to-count areas, according to a Los Angeles Times analysis of estimates published by the City University of New York Graduate Center.

Democrats celebrate announcement on citizenship census question

Democrats celebrate announcement on citizenship census question Top Democrats on Capitol Hill are celebrating the Trump administration's announcement on Tuesday that it will forgo adding a citizenship question to the 2020 census. require(["medianetNativeAdOnArticle"], function (medianetNativeAdOnArticle) { medianetNativeAdOnArticle.getMedianetNativeAds(true); }); Critics have pushed back on the White House's efforts to ensure its inclusion for months, arguing it had the potential to cause noncitizens and anyone else in their households to skip filling out the question or partaking in the census altogether, which could lead to an inaccurate count.

The upcoming count is also facing new challenges.

Budget cuts have forced the bureau to reduce staff and field testing. The nonpartisan Government Accountability Office has deemed the agency at “high risk” of fraud and mismanagement.

Next year’s effort will also shift to having many households filling out their forms online. The move is expected to cut costs and streamline the process, but some experts worry it will make it more difficult to catalog communities that do not have widespread Internet access. On the Navajo Nation, like many reservations, the majority of households are without a web connection.

Those changes have prompted experts at the Urban Institute, a nonprofit group that studies government policy, to project another undercount of Native Americans in 2020.

To avoid that outcome federal officials say they are banking on improved outreach efforts, including a door-to-door campaign dropping off forms in vulnerable areas.

Last month, Census Bureau officials visited New Mexico to meet with state and local officials and tribal leaders. The group traveled to homes near Albuquerque and heard firsthand testimony about the challenges of counting individuals on the Navajo Nation and other rural locales.

Jessica Imotichey, a member of the Chickasaw Nation, is one of many Native Americans working for the bureau to help prepare reservations. She says distrust is the most important barrier to overcome.

DOJ ordered to find ways to include citizenship question on 2020 census, official says

DOJ ordered to find ways to include citizenship question on 2020 census, official says A lawyer with the Department of Justice said Wednesday that agency officials have been ordered to determine whether there is a way the administration can include a citizenship question on the 2020 census, hours after a tweet from President Trump raised confusion over the status of the question.Joseph Hunt, an assistant attorney general with DOJ's civil division, said Wednesday that the department has been "instructed to examine whether there is a path forward, consistent with the Supreme Court's decision, that would allow us to include the citizenship question on the census." "We think there may be a legally available path under the Supreme Court's decision.

“It is very difficult to get folks to open the door if they don’t recognize you,” she said. “There is a lot of sensitivity in the relationship between the tribes and the federal government. That’s something we have to be real about.”

That lack of trust is a major issue for the bureau nationwide, amplified by the Trump administration’s plans to add a citizenship question to next year’s census form. The Supreme Court is expected to rule this month on whether the question can remain.

Some state governments are going further, allocating extra money to aid the count in a bid to avoid losing out on federal funding.

New Mexico’s budget coffers depend on nearly $7.8 billion a year from Washington for programs like Medicaid, food stamps and road repairs tied to the census. The New Mexico Legislature recently endowed a new state commission with $3.5 million to spend on ensuring an accurate count.

In May, members of the Navajo Nation created a similar panel and plan to advertise the importance of participation.

Eugenia Charles-Newton, a Navajo Nation council delegate, said hiring locals to help is also crucial.

“We’re the ones who know where people live,” she said. “Want a good count? Talk to us.”

Back on the reservation, outreach efforts are already underway.

On a recent afternoon, Jay DeGroat, who heads a tribal council chapter near Crownpoint, a town of about 2,000, rumbled down a dirt road, past pinyon pines and Indian paintbrush. The latter, a native wildflower, looked like ripe oranges sprawling across the high desert floor.

Legal Experts: Potential Trump Executive Order on Census Lacks Constitutional Basis

Legal Experts: Potential Trump Executive Order on Census Lacks Constitutional Basis Would it work if President Donald Trump really issued an executive order to a citizenship question to the 2020 census? Marc E. Elias, general counsel for Sen. Kamala Harris's presidential campaign and former attorney for the 2016 Clinton campaign, argued Thursday that this move lacks a Constitutional basis. Hey media–Trump cannot issue an executive order to include a citizenship question in the Census. The Census requirement is found in Article I (not Article II) and thus is a right of Congress, not the President. pic.twitter.com/CdY3bRMP6U — Marc E. Elias (@marceelias) July 4, 2019 Indeed, the Census Bureau’s website confirms this “The U.S.

DeGroat — well-known in Navajo country for having designed the tribe’s flag — popped out of an SUV and headed toward a gray stucco hogan, a traditional Navajo dwelling that could hardly be distinguished from the road and had no address. But DeGroat knew it was there. Ahead of the census, he spends time visiting out-of-the-way residences to get a sense of when people are likely to be home. Many are gone for much of the day to sell their artwork.

Such knowledge is particularly valuable in Indian Country, where records are sporadic and many homes do not even have addresses, a problem tribal officials have asked the bureau to take on.

Inside the hogan, John Hoskie III and his sister, Johnelle, helped their father use nickel and copper to shape belt buckles, which they planned to sell at local rodeos. As they continued to work, DeGroat peppered them with questions.

“What can be done to help people know about the census?” DeGroat asked, gripping his cowboy hat.

“There needs to be locals doing the counting,” John said.

“The distrust of government is here,” Johnelle added. “It’s always going to be on the reservation.”

DeGroat nodded.

He and other local members share a common belief that relying on the federal government to take the lead in locating and enumerating everyone is a mistake.

“It’s on us,” he said.

About 35 miles away, Jones was back out on the porch of his secluded home, where his son had guided a pair of clippers powered by a rusted solar panel through his hair, crafting a medium fade.

Trailers with tin roofs and hogans dot the high desert land that stretches for 25 miles between his home and Crownpoint. Jones, 44, has lived much of his life on the Navajo Nation, where his ancestors herded sheep before the U.S. Army forced them away.

Inside the home Jones shares with his wife, son and parents, five 6-gallon buckets sit stacked in a corner. Each is etched, in black pen, with “drinking water.” Burning cedar crackles from a wood stove in the middle of the living room.

Jones, a pastor, travels hundreds of miles a week around the reservation spreading the gospel — sharing the faith that has sustained him during hard times. Recently, he said, the need for electricity has become much more urgent. Both of his parents have diabetes, and reliable phone service would ease concerns.

“It would also be ideal to have internet and better roads to get in and out,” he said, echoing the same issues that could affect the official count.

Jones said he’s not optimistic about being counted.

“Who’s going to make it here? No one knows we’re here,” he said, looking out at the empty horizon. “I just hope we’re not forgotten.”

———

(Lee reported from Crownpoint, Welsh from Los Angeles.)

———

©2019 Los Angeles Times

Visit the Los Angeles Times at www.latimes.com

Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC.

Read More

Trump administration scrambles to save citizenship question on census.
A federal judge in Maryland overseeing one of three lawsuits on the matter gave the administration until 2 p.m. Friday to explain how it intends to proceed. The printing of census forms continued Thursday, according to administration officials. Subscribe to the Post Most newsletter: Today’s most popular stories on The Washington Post The question had seemed settled after the Supreme Court ruled last week against the Trump administration. As late as Tuesday evening, the secretary of commerce, who oversees the census, said the administration was dropping its effort and was printing the census forms without the citizenship question.

Topical videos:

usr: 3
This is interesting!