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USInvestigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire

03:05  05 september  2019
03:05  05 september  2019 Source:   msn.com

California boat fire highlights need for secondary emergency exits

California boat fire highlights need for secondary emergency exits The only stairs leading above deck on the dive boat Conception went past the galley. If the fire started there, passengers may have been trapped.

Whether anyone is criminally charged will depend on the conclusions of a multiagency investigation on land and sea into the cause of the fire . Carey, who is not a criminal lawyer, said it's possible the owner of the boat or captain could face charges if found criminally negligent for behavior or a design

Authorities are focused on determining the cause of the fire and are looking at many things, including how batteries and electronics were stored and charged . They will also look into how the crew was trained and what crewmembers were doing at the time of the fire . The boat ’s design will also come

LOS ANGELES (AP) — The captain and crew who leapt from a burning dive boat off Southern California saved themselves as 34 people perished below deck.

Whether their escape from the Conception before dawn Monday was the only viable option, an act of cowardice or even a crime has yet to be determined, but the old saw about the captain going down with his ship is more an antiquated notion, though there are laws to punish a ship's master who shirks his duty to safely evacuate passengers.

California boat fire missing include family of 5, dive owner

California boat fire missing include family of 5, dive owner A family of five, students from a Northern California school and an experienced diver are among 34 people missing and presumed dead after a dive boat caught fire off Santa Cruz island. 

Boat Fire California. National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) member Jennifer Homendi, left, with NTSB Investigator -in- charge , Adam Tucker, speaks Homendi discussed the ongoing investigation of how the Conception diving boat became engulfed in flames and killed dozens on board.

FILE – In this Sept. The owners of the dive boat where 34 people perished in a fire off the coast of Southern California filed a legal The warrants served shortly after 9 a.m. are part of the ongoing investigation into the tragedy to determine Authorities are focused on determining the cause of the fire and are looking at many things, including how batteries and electronics were stored and charged .

The responsibilities of master and crew are broadly defined, said professor Martin J. Davies, who is the maritime law director at Tulane University. With passengers, their duty is take reasonable care in all the circumstances, which is dependent on those circumstances.

If that captain made no attempt to save passengers trapped in a burning boat that would be a violation of his duty. But it wouldn't necessarily be wrong if the crew decided there was nothing they could do to help the passengers in the berth and abandoned ship to seek help from a boat nearby.

Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
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"The notion of the captain always goes down with the ship is consistent with that only because the captain is expected to stay there and do something if that's going to help," Davies said. "The idea that the captain is actually supposed to die along with everyone else is not any kind of a legal requirement."

While authorities have said they view the disaster as an accident, prosecutors from the U.S. attorney's office in Los Angeles and the Santa Barbara County district attorney's office are taking part in the investigation.

California boat fire: Investigators serve search warrants on Conception owner

California boat fire: Investigators serve search warrants on Conception owner Federal investigators served search warrants Sunday at the company that operated the Conception dive boat, on which 34 people were killed last week in a fire that swept through the vessel while it was anchored off Santa Cruz Island on Labor Day. Agents with the FBI, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, and the U.S. Coast Guard served the warrants shortly after 8 a.m. at the Santa Barbara headquarters of Truth Aquatics, law enforcement officials said. Investigators were looking for training, safety and maintenance records. The move comes amid an intensifying investigation into the worst maritime disaster in modern California history.

Whether anyone is criminally charged will depend on the conclusions of a multi-agency investigation on land and sea into the cause of the fire. Investigators interviewed the captain and crew members Wednesday, but wouldn't reveal any of what they learned.

Few details have emerged about what happened before the breathless captain made a mayday call at 3:15 a.m. Monday as he was apparently being overwhelmed by smoke on the boat. Passengers would have been sleeping at the time while the boat was anchored just off Santa Cruz Island.

Santa Barbara County Sheriff Bill Brown said fire above deck blocked the one stairway and an emergency exit hatch where 33 passengers and one crew member were sleeping in bunks. It's not known if any alarm sounded or what the people below deck may have done to try to escape.

Finding the cause of the fire could be difficult with the boat largely destroyed and sitting upside down in 60 feet (18 meters) of water. Other items that could provide valuable clues could have been carried away by the tides or destroyed in the fire that burned so hot DNA was needed to identify the dead.

"All of that will be a very large hurdle to overcome," said George Zeitler, a former Coast Guard inspector, who runs his own marine investigation firm. "It will definitely make for a complex investigation."

Investigators will want to produce a timeline of the ship's final voyage from the moment it pulled from a Santa Barbara dock early Saturday morning until the crew jumped overboard, experts said. They will look at the ship's layout and whether the bunk room below deck was too cramped and had enough exits, review maintenance records, even study photos and videos from people who have been on the boat to look for valuable evidence.

While lawsuits are almost a guarantee with such a high death toll, it's not clear if any crime was committed, experts said.

Under federal law, a captain or crew member can be sentenced to up to 10 years in prison if their misconduct, negligence or inattention to duty leads to a death. The law can also be extended to a boat owner or charterer who engages in "fraud, neglect, connivance, misconduct, or violation of law" that takes a life.

Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
Investigation to determine if charges filed in boat fire
High-profile cases of boating disasters have sent ship captains to prison for failing to perform their duties.

Capt. Francesco Schettino was sentenced to 16 years in an Italian prison for abandoning ship and other crimes when he fled in a lifeboat after the Costa Concordia ran aground off Tuscany in 2012 and killed 32 people. He refused an order from the Italian Coast Guard to return to the ship.

The Conception, owned by Truth Aquatics, was being chartered for three days by a commercial dive outfit based in Santa Cruz to explore the rugged Channel Islands, sometimes referred to as the Galapagos of North America, about 20 miles (32 kilometers) south of Santa Barbara.

Coast Guard records show fire safety violations on the Conception in 2014 and 2016 were quickly fixed. There were no deficiencies found in February or August 2018 inspections.

The five survivors were all crew members, including the captain. They apparently jumped from the bow, where the stairway led to the sleeping quarters, and swam to the stern, where they escaped in a dinghy and were taken aboard a nearby boat.

Attorney Gordon Carey, who practices maritime law, said the captain and crew should have done what they could to put out the fire, but not to the point of losing their own lives.

"They may have an obligation to put themselves at risk, but they don't have an obligation to commit suicide and certain death to save the passengers," he said. "The captain's duty is very, very high. I don't think he has an obligation to kill himself, but he certainly has an obligation to do everything possible ... to get that fire out and to get those people out."

Carey, who is not a criminal lawyer, said it's possible the owner of the boat or captain could face charges if found criminally negligent for behavior or a design so reckless they should know peoples' lives would be at risk in the event of a fire.

Carey has been scuba diving for 50 years and has been on many long-distance voyages to exotic dive spots around the world. He said he's never been on a boat where the passengers slept below deck and he questioned why so many were crammed in a space toward the bow with only one staircase and one emergency hatch.

He said an owner or captain has to anticipate the normal range of risks — from collision to a breach of the hull to high seas to fire.

"If you have either designed or put into place an operation that, knowing the risks that are there, and fire is certainly one of them, that put people in a serious risk of dying, I guess that sort of rises to the level of what I would consider involuntary manslaughter," Carey said. "It's behaving recklessly in the face of known danger."

Attorney James Mercante, a former merchant marine officer who has defended thousands of maritime casualty cases, said it was unusual that only crew members survived, but that is likely because they were above deck.

Mercante said he would want to find out what the crew did upon being alerted to fight the fire and how long they had before they abandoned ship.

"It must have spread awfully quickly if nobody but the crew got out," Mercante said.

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California boat fire: Investigators serve search warrants on Conception owner.
Federal investigators served search warrants Sunday at the company that operated the Conception dive boat, on which 34 people were killed last week in a fire that swept through the vessel while it was anchored off Santa Cruz Island on Labor Day. Agents with the FBI, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives, and the U.S. Coast Guard served the warrants shortly after 8 a.m. at the Santa Barbara headquarters of Truth Aquatics, law enforcement officials said. Investigators were looking for training, safety and maintenance records. The move comes amid an intensifying investigation into the worst maritime disaster in modern California history.

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