US: 6-year-old's arrest raises questions about school discipline and behavioral disorders - - PressFrom - US
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US 6-year-old's arrest raises questions about school discipline and behavioral disorders

13:00  30 september  2019
13:00  30 september  2019 Source:   abcnews.go.com

'She passed three red lights': 5th-grader calls 911 on 'drunk' bus driver

  'She passed three red lights': 5th-grader calls 911 on 'drunk' bus driver "Her eyes, you could tell she was drunk. Her breath sort of smelled like alcohol," the boy told a 911 dispatcher."She was drunk," the 5th grader told a 911 dispatcher. "She passed three red lights ... and there’s still kids on there.

School -Aged Kids Discipline : Strategies and Challenges. Behavioral problems and effective Defiant behavior is common among school -age children. So don’t be surprised if your child tests School -age kids aren’t too old for time-out. It can be a good consequence when your child needs to

Disruptive behavioural disorders are complicated and may include many different factors working in combination. Encouragement – many children with behavioural disorders experience repeated failures at school and in their interactions with others.

Reports of two 6-year-olds being arrested at school in Florida -- including one for throwing a temper tantrum -- came as a shock to many recently.

a sign on the side of a building: Officer Dennis Turner of the Orlando Police Department, handcuffed 6-year-old Kaia Rolle and transported her to the Juvenile Assessment Center in Orlando, Fla.© WFTV Officer Dennis Turner of the Orlando Police Department, handcuffed 6-year-old Kaia Rolle and transported her to the Juvenile Assessment Center in Orlando, Fla.

Last week, we learned that the arresting school resource officer was fired, but why was a 6-year-old arrested in the first place?

Experts say that one of the issues is that many children have undiagnosed behavioral problems that are mistaken for misbehaving.

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Over the past two years our oldest son has had trouble listening and focusing when you would What is your approach to discipline , and what in particular do you do when you see him acting like this His problem was apparently "blurting". The school implemented a behavioral report card for all children

All two- year - olds , all three- year - olds , have tantrums, and can resist parental direction, notes Dr. Fernandez. That gets problematic, because school is not going to work down the road if the child doesn’t Behavior and Conduct Disorders , Behavior Problems, Discipline , Parenting Challenges

“Many children in schools with problem behaviors go underdiagnosed. Many are not just misbehaving, they may have an actual behavioral disorder,” Dr. Howard Taras, Professor of Pediatrics at the University of California, San Diego, and medical consultant to several school districts, said in an interview with ABC News.

One of the children arrested has sleep apnea. According to her grandmother, the girl was acting out as a reaction to poor sleep. Sleep apnea is a known risk factor for behavioral problems, but there were no reports the girl had a behavioral disorder.

“Behavioral disturbances in children are very common,” said Dr. Victor Fornari, Vice Chair for Child & Adolescent Psychiatry at Northwell Health in an interview with ABC News. According to the CDC, 1 in 6 children between age 2 and 8 in the U.S. have a diagnosed mental, behavioral, or developmental disorder.

Fired Orlando cop who arrested 6-year-olds said school faculty member wanted to press charges against girl, report shows

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Raising children is difficult, and raising difficult children can be life disrupting. But being able to tell whether your child Rarely will a child under 5 years old receive a diagnosis of a serious behavioral disorder . There is little to no discipline in this home, and parents typically take on the role of friend.

Discipline is based on the quality of a child' s relationship with the care provider (a teacher in the classroom, and mom and dad at home). When a child receives consistent response from a caring adult, trust, deep attachment and a sense of being wanted develops.

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“Children with these disorders may be perceived as lazy or willfully oppositional rather than as having neurocognitive deficits,” said doctors Celiane Rey-Casserly, Laura McGuinn, Arthur Lavin in a clinical report for the American Academy of Pediatrics, published last Monday.

Kids with behavioral disorders are more likely to be disciplined. “Any child with any kind of difficulty, whether it’s a learning difficulty or fine motor issue, they are more vulnerable as individuals,” says Fornari. “They could be bullied by peers or victimized by adults. We hope that recognizing them as vulnerable would lead to them being more protected, but often that is not the case.”

According to a U.S. Department of Education report, while students with disabilities make up only 12 percent of the enrolled population, they make up 28 percent of the students who are arrested at school or referred to law enforcement, according to data from the 2015-'16 school year.

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The most pressing questions about alternative school discipline , changing zero tolerance discipline policies, and Currently, California schools issue more suspensions than diplomas each year . Research about student behavior , race, and discipline has found no evidence that African-American

School -Age Kids. 6 - Year - Old . Typical Preschooler Behavior . A preschooler’ s budding development means your child will want to be independent. This quest for autonomy can present new parenting challenges in terms of behavior and discipline needs.

Children with behavioral disorders can show a range of troubling behavior, including aggression, obstinance and running away. These behaviors are, understandably, challenging for teachers and school staff to address.

“If the child is consistently acting out during a particular subject, such as math” that can be a sign that further testing is required said Dr. Yi Hui Liu, Section Head of Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics at the University of California, San Diego.

Moreover, “children who were successful in the prior year but not in the current year could have a learning issue,” said Liu. She also asks, “Is there a family history of a learning disability? If so, this would increase concern for a learning disability.”

a sign in front of a building: Lucious and Emma Nixon Academy, a charter school in Orlando, Fla.© WFTV Lucious and Emma Nixon Academy, a charter school in Orlando, Fla.

A greater proportion of children living below 100 percent of the federal poverty level have mental, behavioral, or developmental disorders, according to the CDC. Unfortunately, these children often attend underserved schools, and “the lack of resources in underfunded schools causes disparities in helping children with developmental issues in those areas,” says Cecelia Rhodus, a developmental and behavioral health fellow at the University of California, San Diego.

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This card discusses three behavioral disorders that commonly occur in childhood: separation anxiety disorder , selective mutism, and reactive attachment disorder . Reactive attachment disorder is the result of child neglect, whereas the other two disorders do not have a clearly defined etiology.

Discipline disrespectful words with the same conviction and consistency as if it were an act of Let them relax. This is an age when opportunities for joining clubs, taking after school classes and I would have a lot of questions for them such as: Where are her strengths and weaknesses in school ?

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“If a child is having a behavioral problem in school, we have to understand why. Where is the problem coming from? We can’t just react to the behavior,” said Liu.

Some specialists said a lack of proper training for school staff may have led to the improper arrest of a child in Orlando. The officer in that case broke departmental policy by not getting supervisor approval to arrest a child under 12, the Orlando police chief said.

“When a child is out of control, unless the staff member is trained to de-escalate, the staff member may also become agitated. Then you see what we saw in Orlando with an excessive and punitive response,” said Fornari.

(MORE: More screen time linked to higher risk of ADHD in preschool-aged children: Study)

So how should staff be trained?

A 2013 study asserted that "early childhood teachers do not receive sufficient training for handling children’s challenging behaviors." Training and certification for school resource officers and other law enforcement officers who work in school varies by state.

“It would be fabulous if teachers and school staff have training on understanding and managing behavioral issues with kids on an individual and group level,” says Liu. “Certainly the group dynamics can make things more difficult in making sure all the kids are cared for.”

“The goal is to train school resource officers in safe ways to restrain a child without causing excessive harm, said Fornari. "In addition, we want to equip them with skills to verbally de-escalate a child. Kids respond to kindness and support.”

Sejal Parekh, M.D., is a pediatrician in San Diego and a member of the ABC News Medical Unit.

Police obtain arrest warrant for man accused of causing deadly crash in Del City .
Police have obtained an arrest warrant for a man accused of causing a deadly crash earlier this week in Del City. On Tuesday, police responded to an injury crash in the 3400 block of Southeast 44th Street. When they arrived, they discovered that two vehicles, a black Lincoln Town Car and a blue Toyota Matrix, were involved in a collision. Investigators determined the Toyota was making a left turn onto Southeast 44th Street from Clendon Way while the Lincoln was traveling east, according to a news release.

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