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US Doctors offer to give free flu shots to detained migrants, warn of epidemic

12:55  19 november  2019
12:55  19 november  2019 Source:   nbcnews.com

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The danger is easy to grasp. Flu is a respiratory disease, passed from person to person by droplets of lung secretions that travel a few feet when an infected person sneezes or coughs. Failing to protect detainees from a disease their detainment exposes them to may also be illegal under international law.

The federal government won't give flu shots to migrant families in border detention facilities ahead of this year's flu season, CNBC reports. This goes against direct recommendations from doctors at Harvard and Johns Hopkins, who recently wrote a letter to Customs and Border Protection officials

A group of physicians, alarmed that the Trump administration is denying flu vaccines to immigrants in custody, is urging the Department of Homeland Security to accept its offer to provide free flu shots to California detainees.

a hand holding a blue object: Needle poking skin during administration of flu shot at Mary's Center, a community health center in Washington.© John Brecher Needle poking skin during administration of flu shot at Mary's Center, a community health center in Washington.

In a Nov. 5 letter, the doctors pleaded with the administration to reconsider its decision to not vaccinate detained migrants for flu despite the deaths of at least three children in CBP custody during the 2018 flu season.

The doctors, members of a recently formed group Doctors for Camp Closure, D4CC, have offered to stage a mobile flu vaccine at no cost to the government at the San Ysidro, California, Customs and Border Protection processing and detention facility.

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Detained migrants who have the flu while in custody may be diagnosed and treated on-site by CBP medical personnel or brought to a local health center for treatment. Though CBP personnel don’t administer vaccinations, a detainee may receive a vaccination if a medical professional at a local

Medical experts have urged the government to give flu vaccines to detained migrants —but USA Today reports that Customs and Border Protection said it will not provide the shots because of Dr . Judy Melinek, a forensic pathologist, urged officials to reconsider. “If there is an epidemic as a result

“We implore you to allow our volunteer physicians to hold our requested influenza vaccine clinic,” the physicians stated in the letter.

Customs and Border Protection, part of Homeland Security, did not accept the offer. A spokesperson who did not wish to be named because of agency policy said in a statement emailed to NBC News that the agency never has administered vaccines and people aren't usually held in custody very long.

a group of people standing in a room: Detainees at Otay Mesa immigration detention center in San Diego, Calif., on May 18, 2018.© Lucy Nicholson Detainees at Otay Mesa immigration detention center in San Diego, Calif., on May 18, 2018.

"As a law enforcement agency and due to the short term nature of CBP holding and other logistical challenges, operating a vaccine program is not feasible," the spokesperson said.

Although CBP’s guidelines recommend holding people no longer than 72 hours, the agency has been holding people far longer as arrivals of migrants seeking asylum spiked last year and this year, although they have since fallen.

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U.S. won't give flu vaccines to migrants in border detention centers. Earlier this month, doctors associated with Harvard and Johns Hopkins sent a letter to Congress members calling for an investigation into the health care at migrant detention facilities.

The US won't provide flu vaccines to migrant families at border detention camps. At least three children held in detention centers at the Mexican border have died, in part, from the flu , a group of doctors say. The government is not vaccinating migrant families and has no plans to do so ahead of

"We write with urgency"

In a Nov. 5 letter to Kevin McAleenan, who was the acting director of the Department of Homeland Security and Alex Azar, the Health and Human Services secretary, said they would provide 100 doses of the influenza vaccines and four volunteer physicians to administer them. McAleenan resigned and Chad Wolf has been named new DHS acting secretary.

"This is how epidemics begin," Dr. Luz Contreras Arroyo, a member of the group and signatory to the letter, told NBC News. "It's not just migrants. Workers will come out to communities, potentially spreading that virus and it could get out of control."

"These are people as well," Arroyo added, speaking of the detained families. "They are under the care of the government, most not having committed crimes. Seeking asylum is not a crime."

The group had set a deadline of Tuesday for the administration to respond before making the request public.

After child deaths, doctors pressure Border Patrol to let them administer flu vaccines

  After child deaths, doctors pressure Border Patrol to let them administer flu vaccines HOUSTON - Doctors are pressuring U.S. Customs and Border Protection to allow them to vaccinate detained migrant children against the flu after some have died of the disease in federal custody during the past year. The agency has yet to respond to an offer this week to vaccinate 100 migrant parents and children in Border Patrol detention in San Ysidro. The group of seven doctors also offered to send volunteers to vaccinate migrants at Border Patrol holding areas across the country “to prevent a possible flu epidemic,” calling unsanitary detention conditions “cause for significant alarm.

Bosses write to workers saying they should get vaccinated as soon as possible – and must give a reason for refusing to do so.

Plus, the flu vaccine changes slightly year after year anyway, so last year's shot wouldn't protect you as RELATED: Why You Should Get the Flu Shot Every Year. Your primary-care doctor . Many corporations offer free flu shots on site, often without insurance, or provide vouchers you can take to

The doctors warned that migrants are not the only people at risk of illness.

"Flu season has already begun in many parts of the country, so we write with urgency," the doctors stated. "Many people, including those working at and living near CBP facilities, will be at an even higher risk than what is typical."

The doctors contributed money and raised more from friends and others to pay the cost of the vaccines. Physicians are volunteering their time to provide the shots, said Arroyo, a Sacramento family medicine physician and psychiatrist.

The doctors said they also have an established volunteer network of physicians licensed to operate in all states to get the necessary vaccines and work with CBP to “create a system to ensure that the majority of migrant families” held in CBP custody are vaccinated.

They hope for government funding to help pay the cost for vaccines systemwide. If not, they will try to find other funding.

"Alarming mortality rate"

The doctors said that based on an estimated 200,000 children in federal custody in the past two years, the three deaths of detained children attributed to complications from the flu are nine times higher than the expected death rate for children from flu.

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Flu can be deadly, and the annual vaccination is still the best protection against it. Health Commissioner John Dreyzehner says in a news release that the vaccine can keep you from becoming ill. He says it can also protect those around you who could catch the disease from you.

As the flu begins to ramp up this month, experts stress the importance of getting the vaccine . Breaking down everything you need to know about the vaccine so you can survive flu season. This season's most common strain is particularly deadly to the very young and very old, officials warn .

“In our professional medical opinion, this alarming mortality rate constitutes an emergency which threatens the safety of human lives, particularly children,” says the letter signed by seven physicians.

In August, CBP announced that it would not be vaccinating migrant families in its holding centers ahead of the flu season. At the time, the agency said in a statement that it chose not to provide the vaccinations because of the “short-term” stays of immigrants in custody and the complexities of operating a vaccination program.

But Arroyo said the government has done wide scale vaccinations before and given out large amounts of vaccine to prevent illness from spreading and prevent epidemics. She said it is cost effective and less than the cost of hospitals and ICUs for detainees, staff and residents once they become sick.

CBP's cells and pens of chain-link fence with concrete floors and holding rooms are known to be very cold and are often called hieleras, which translates to freezer or icebox, by those held in them, which include infant children.

Health care providers have protested longer detention periods for migrants, warning that children in particular would face more serious health risks with the extended incarcerations.

Overcrowded conditions worsen risk

The doctors offering to operate the flu vaccination clinic noted findings of overcrowded and unsanitary conditions at detention facilities by the DHS Office of Inspector General.

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In the process, she discovered that flu shots really don’t work, and often cause more problems than they’re said to prevent. As a nephrologist, Dr . Humphries also observed plenty of cases of liver damage associated with flu shots . It very well could be that these non-influenza viral infections are

The 2009 flu pandemic or swine flu was an influenza pandemic that lasted from early 2009 to late 2010, and the second of the two pandemics involving H1N1 influenza virus

That report found children in some CBP facilities didn’t have access to showers, didn’t always have opportunities to change clothes and that they had limited space for medical isolation. In an El Paso facility, a cell meant for 35 held 155 adult males with only one toilet and sink, NBC News reported.

A flu outbreak at the CBP McAllen facility affected nearly three dozen immigrants and required a temporary suspension of operations.

The Centers for Disease Control recommends all individuals above age 6 months get a flu vaccine by the end of October for the current flu season. Even the policy manual of the Citizenship and Immigration Services, part of the Homeland Security Department, notes the CDC requirement that immigrants be vaccinated for flu.

“As physicians, we have seen the effects of flu infections in the strongest as well as the most vulnerable, and the outcomes can be devastating,” the physicians stated.

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